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中西传统节日比较英语作文

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中西传统节日比较英语作文篇一

英语论文中西方传统节日文化的差异

Culture Differences of Chinese and Western Traditional

Festival

Abstract

Traditional festivals are the historical products of a nation’s development. Whether in China which has a long history of more than five thousand years or in the newborn America, the origination of traditional festivals in the two countries is similar. Most traditional festivals originated from people’s expectation for harvest in the agricultural production, the worship towards the gods and the nature, sacrifices to the historical characters and etc. After the long-term evolution, traditional festivals have become an indispensable part of the national culture. Through traditional festivals, the distinct cultural characteristics of a people and the national spirits can be observed. Since the ancient time, China has been a large agricultural country, the small-scale economic mode known as ―The men plough and the women weave‖ initiated the agricultural civilization of Chinese characteristics. Chinese traditional festivals are deeply rooted in the agricultural civilization and greatly influenced by Confucianism. To some extent, Chinese traditional festivals have relieved from the primitive taboos and tended to be happy festivals which reflect the concept of harmony and integration in Confucianism. In America, religion plays a very important role in people’s life. With various branches, the religious system of America is quite complicated, among which Christianity is of the greatest importance. Some American traditional festivals are the direct products of Christianity and most festivals have evolved into the religious festivals later. This paper is designed to discuss the differences in customs, origins and other aspects of traditional festivals with the similar cultural connotation, then analyze the reasons lying behind the differences and finally reflect the cultural differences of the two nations. The paper also analyzes the mutual fusion in tradtional holidays between China and the west.

Key words: Traditional festivals; Chinese and American culture; cultural differences; causes; mutual fusion.

中西方传统节日文化的差异

摘要

传统节日是一个民族发展的历史产物。无论是在有着五千多年悠长历史的中国还是在新生的美国,传统节日的起源都显示出相通之处,大多数传统节日都源自于人们在农业生产生活中对丰收的期盼、对天地神灵和自然的崇拜、以及对历史人物的祭奠等等。传统节日在长期的演变和发展中,已经成为民族文化不可或缺的一部分,透过传统节日可以反映一个民族的文化特色和民族精神。中国自古以来就是一个农业大国,“男耕女织”的小农经济模式开创了具有中国特色的农耕文化。中国传统节日深深植根于农耕文化之中,在演变过程中深受儒家思想的影响。从某种程度而言,中国传统节日已经渐渐摆脱原始禁忌和崇拜,演化成为体现儒家和合思想的欢庆祥和的节日。在美国,宗教的影响和地位是不言而喻的,美国的宗教体系错综复杂,其中最有影响力的宗教派别是基督教。美国的传统节日大都衍化成为基督教的产物,大多数的美国节日在日后的发展中都成为宗教性的节日。本文从两国传统节日中有着相似文化内涵的节日出发,探讨这些传统节日在起源、节日习俗等方面的差异,并分析产生这些差异的原因,从而折射出两国传统节日文化的差异。另外本文也探讨了中西方传统节日的相互融合。原创英语毕业论文 请咨询QQ253771735

关键词:传统节日;中美文化;差异;根源;相互融合

Contents

1. Introduction

2. Differences between Chinese and Western Traditional Festivals

2.1 The Spring Festival vs. Thanksgiving Day

2.2 The Zhongyuan Festival vs. Halloween

2.3 The Chinese Valentine’s Day vs. Valentine’s Day

2.4 Summary

3. Major Factors Causing Differences between Chinese and Western Traditional Festivals

3.1 Factors Influencing Chinese Traditional Festivals

3.1.1 Agricultural Civilization

3.1.2 Confucianism

3.2 Major FactorsInfluencing Western Traditional Festivals

3.2.1 Industrialization

3.2.2 Christianity

4. Mutual Fusion Between Chinese and Western Traditional Holidays

4.1 The development of the Mutual Fusion

4.2 The Performance of the Mutual Fusion

5. Conclusion

Culture Differences of Chinese and Western Traditional Festivals

1. Introduction

China is a multi-ethnic nation, with the Han nationality accounting for the majority of the total population and various ethnic minorities in the minority (Zhao, 2002). According to Zhao (2002) and Tan (2003), people in different nationalities or regions celebrate some traditional festivals of their own, while among all the festivals the most typical ones celebrated by Chinese people in common consist of these ones: the Spring Festival, the Lantern Festival, Tomb-Sweeping Day, the Dragon-Boat Festival, the Chinese Valentine’s Day, the Zhongyuan Festival, Mid-Autumn Day, the Double-Ninth Festival, the Winter Solstice, the Laba Festival, and the Kitchen God Festival, etc.

Different from China, America is a multi-cultural nation with the immigrants taking a large proportion of its population and people from different countries live together and the cultures brought with them melt into the distinct American culture (Wu, 2003; Hu, 2004; William, 2007). In the system of American traditional festivals, there are festivals originating in the homeland and festivals brought from the foreign lands. The festivals in America can be divided into the legal holidays and traditional ones; besides, some states also celebrate a few festivals of their own (Ellinwood, 2005). In general, according to Samovar et al. (2008), the most popular traditional festivals celebrated by American people include the following ones: New Year’s Day, Valentine’s Day, St. Patrick’s Day, All Fools’ Day, Mother’s Day, Father’s Day, Halloween, Easter, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas, etc.

According to the folklorists’ research, traditional festivals in different societies derive from such originations as people’s expectation for a bountiful harvest in the agricultural production, the primitive worship towards the gods and the nature, sacrifices to ancestors and historical characters and so on, and it is unable to deny that traditional festivals display the cultural differences on several aspects (Davis, 2001; Ni and Qiao, 2003). In the modern world with globalization taking such a fast pace,

communication among people of different nationalities is more common in the fields of politics, economy, cultural and technological exchange and others. In a context of different cultures, misunderstandings and conflicts are likely to arise in the process of communication when there is little awareness of diverse cultural values and beliefs. Therefore, the recognition and understanding of the cultural differences is of great importance to promote the cross-cultural communication. This paper is designed to investigate the cultural differences embodied in traditional festivals in China and America based on the analysis of traditional festivals in the two cultures with similar cultural connotation.

2. Differences between Chinese and Western Traditional Festivals

Traditional festivals, as an integral part of the national culture, possess rich cultural connotations. To some extent, traditional festivals are the manifestation and sublimation of human beings’ cognition and emotions toward the world and in the light of the universal cognition and emotions of human beings, it is no wonder that there are traditional festivals in the two cultures with the similar cultural connotations (Zhang, 2001). However, behind the similar cultural connotations of traditional festivals, origins and customs of these festivals are greatly differentiated, which illustrate the cultural differences of the two nations.

2.1 The Spring Festival vs. Thanksgiving Day

The Spring Festival in China and Thanksgiving Day in America are both festivals for family members to reunite and to strengthen the family bonds. The Spring Festival is the biggest festival observed by Chinese people. However, in the beginning, the ―spring festival‖ was not held to farewell to the past year and welcome the Chinese Lunar New Year, but to celebrate the coming of ―Spring Commence‖(the 1st solar term) (Chen and Lu, 1989). For when ―Spring Commence‖ arrived, which was seemed as the coming of spring, farmers had to sow seeds in the farmland. Just as the old saying goes that ―The whole year’s work depends on a good start in spring‖

中西传统节日比较英语作文篇二

中西传统节日文化比较

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196 修辞在政治演讲中的作用--以奥巴马获胜演讲为例

197 从《葡萄牙人的十四行诗集》探究布朗宁夫妇的爱情

198 浅谈经济全球化背景下的商务英语

199 浅析《黑暗的心》女性形象的作用

中西传统节日比较英语作文篇三

英语作文西方节日和中国传统节日

Improper expressions:

1. Spring Festival

2. For there is a long time …, we have to…

3. This phenomenon results in the doubt that whether Christmas will replace…

4. traditional festivals should be paid more attention than foreign festivals.

5. We exchange…, which results in more and more people get interested in foreign festivals.

6. The question that whether Christmas will replace the Spring Festival leads to a heated

discussion in society.

7. There are many people in the western countries celebrate the Spring Festival.

Proper and good expressions:

1. With the tendency towards globalization{中西传统节日比较英语作文}.

2. the Spring Festival should be passed on from generation to generation

3. It seems that some traditional festivals like the Spring Festival are gradually overshadowed

By Christmas.

4. Globalization has encouraged the popularity of Christmas in Chinese.

5. The Spring Festival is an apparent symbol of Chinese culture which is engraved in every

Chinese’s mind.

6. cultural heritage

7. Learning their culture is a must…. We learn English in order to make more people learn

Chinese.

8. festival celebrating has been globalized

9. Some people suspect that the obsession with Christmas will lead us to neglect another

traditional festival--- the Spring Festival.

10. Observing Christmas doesn’t mean abandoning the Spring Festival.

11. the Spring Festival is more than a festival

12. an exotic festival

13. Chinese are celebrating some western festivals, and vice versa.

14. some most celebrated festivals in our country are the essence of our long history and rich

culture.

15. Currently, the word “Christmas” has evolved into a symbol of happiness and gifts.

16. people tend to have an increasing liking for observing western festivals

17. in the circumstances of globalization

Modal

In the course of globalization, western culture has flooded into China at an almost non-stop rate. Along with it come western festivals, the most influential of which is Christmas. As a result of this “culture invasion”, more and more Chinese people, particularly the youth, are abandoning traditional Chinese festivals. There is even a prediction that the Spring Festival will ultimately be replaced by Christmas. However, personally I’m not in favor of this statement, as the Spring Festival is a kind of cultural heritage serving as a spiritual legacy for all of us to cling to, regardless of any hindrance.

First of all, observing Christmas does not mean that the Spring Festival can be neglected. The Spring Festival has its roots in Chinese history, from which it requires its identity and meaning irreplaceable by Christmas. As Christmas stemmed from Western civilization, it can’t easily fit in

with Chinese society, let alone take the place of the Spring Festival.

Secondly, the Spring Festival expresses our true emotions while Christmas cannot. Often, the Spring Festival arouses a feeling of eternal harmony, creates a sense of happiness, and conveys a message of family. However, Christmas goes no further than one night’s pleasure or some fancy presents, which is surely to fade away with passing tide of time and memory.

The Spring Festival is not going to lose its vigor to Christmas, as it’s just like a warm beacon for all the Chinese to gather around to cheer, to dream and to carry on.

中西传统节日比较英语作文篇四

中国各传统节日英语作文

Dragon Boat Festival, often known as Tuen Ng Festival or Duan Wu Festival, is a traditional Chinese festival held on the fifth day of the fifth month of the Chinese calendar. It is also known as the Double Fifth.[citation needed] It has since been celebrated, in various ways, in other parts of East Asia as well, most notably Korea.

The exact origins of Duan Wu are unclear, but one traditional view holds that the festival memorializes the Chinese poet Qu Yuan of the Warring States Period. He committed suicide by drowning himself in a river because he was disgusted by the corruption of the Chu government. The local people, knowing him to be a good man, decided to throw food into the river to feed the fishes to prevent them from eating Qu's body. They also sat on dragon boats, and tried to scare the fishes away by the thundering sound of drums aboard the boat and the fierce looking dragon-head in the front of the boat.

In the early years of the Chinese Republic, Duan Wu was also celebrated as "Poets' Day", due to Qu Yuan's status as China's first poet of personal renown.

Today, people eat zongzi (the food originally intended to feed the fishes) and race dragon boats in memory of Qu's dramatic death.

中文:

龙舟节,端午节经常或端午节,是一种传统的中国节日对中华历5月5日举行。它也被称为端五。[来源请求]它已经被庆祝,以各种方式在其他地区以及东亚,尤其是韩国。

端午确切的起源尚不清楚,但一种传统的观点认为,节日来源在中国诗人屈原的战国时期。他犯的河中溺死自己,因为他是由政府的腐败深恶痛绝楚自杀。当地群众,知道他是一个好人,决定投身到河里的鱼的食物,饲料,以防止吃屈原的尸体他们。他们还坐在龙舟,并试图吓唬由船上和激烈的寻找龙在船头头战鼓齐鸣声中的鱼了。

在中国民国初年,段坞也被“诗人节“庆祝,由于屈原作为中国的第一个著名的诗人的个人地位。

今天,人们吃粽子的曲的戏剧性死亡内存和龙舟比赛(原本打算饲料鱼类的食物)。

The Dragon Boat Festival is a lunar (阴历)holiday, occurring (存正)on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month (农历史五月第五天) The Chinese Dragon Boat Festival is a significant (有意义的)holiday celebrated (庆祝)in China,and the one with the longest history (历史最悠久)。 The Dragon Boat Festival is celebrated by boat races (龙舟赛) in the shape of dragons. Competing teams (竞争团队) row their boats forward to a drumbeat (击古)racing to reach the finish end first. The boat races during the Dragon Boat Festival are traditional customs(传统习俗)to attempts to (试图)rescue (搭救) the patriotic poet (爱国诗人)Chu Yuan. Chu Yuan drowned (溺死) on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month in 277 B.C. Chinese citizens now throw bamboo leaves (竹叶) filled with cooked rice into the water. Therefore the fish could eat the rice rather than the hero poet. This later on turned into the custom

of eating tzungtzu and rice dumplings(棕子)。 The celebration is a time for protection (防护) from evil(邪恶)and disease (疾病) for the rest of the year. It is done so by different practices such as hanging healthy herbs on the front door, drinking nutritious concoctions (营养品), and displaying (展示) portraits (画像) of evil's nemesis(邪恶报应),Chung Kuei. If one manages to (成功做„„) stand (直立)an egg on it's end at exactly 12:00 noon, the following year will be a lucky one.

A Chinese holiday is gaining worldwide popularity 一个逐渐受到全球欢迎的中国节日

Some holidays are so much fun that they catch on outside of their culture. The most obvious example is probably Christmas, which is celebrated around the world by people who aren’t even Christian. Similarly, in recent years, the Dragon Boat Festival has moved beyond China to become an international holiday celebrated by people who may know little about the holiday’s origins.

{中西传统节日比较英语作文}.

有些节日实在是很有趣,所以在本土文化以外的地方也很受欢迎。最明显的例子可能就是圣诞节,世界各地的人都会庆祝圣诞节,即使是非基督徒。同样,最近几年端午节已经不局限于中国,成为国际性节日,而庆祝的人可能对节日的由来并不太了解。

The Dragon Boat Festival is one of three major Chinese holidays, along with the Spring and Moon Festivals. Of the three, it is possibly the oldest, dating back to the Warring States Period in 227 B.C. The festival commemorates Qu Yuan, a minister in the service of the Chu Emperor. Despairing over corruption at court, Qu threw himself into a river. Townspeople jumped into their boats and tried in vain to save him. Then, hoping to distract hungry fish from his body, the people scattered rice on the water.

端午节与春节和中秋节并列为中国三大节日。这三个节日中,它可能是最古老的一个,可以追溯到公元前227年的战国时代。这个节日是为了纪念楚国的大夫屈原,他因为对朝廷的贪污腐败感到绝望而投河自尽。镇上的人纷纷冲上船去救他,却没有成功。后来大家把米撒到水里,希望把饥饿的鱼群从他的躯体边引开。

Over the years, the story of Qu’s demise transformed into the traditions of racing dragon boats and eating zongzi – a kind of rice wrapped in bamboo leaves. The races have certainly captured the imagination of people from all over the world. Every spring there are nearly 60 dragon boat races held outside of China in cities from Vancouver to Sydney, from Gdańsk, Poland to Cape Town, South Africa. Canada alone has nearly 50 dragon boat teams and Germany has nearly 30.

多年以后,屈原逝世的故事逐渐演变成赛龙舟和吃粽子(一种包在竹叶中的米食)的传统。这些竞赛显然激起了世界各地人们的想像,每年春天有将近60场龙舟赛在中国境外的城市举办,从温哥华到悉尼,从波兰的格但斯克到南非的开普敦。单单字加拿大就有将近50支龙舟队伍,德国则有近30个。

So what is it about the Dragon Boat Festival that appeals to foreigners? “It’s an unusual

sport,” says one racer from Germany. “It’s not like everybody’s doing it. That’s one of the reasons that there’s such great team spirit in a dragon boat team – everybody feels like we’re doing something special.” And what about the zongzi? “Ehhh, they’re not bad, I guess,” he says. “Something of an acquired taste. I just haven’t really acquired it yet.”

那么,为什么端午节赛龙舟会吸引外国人呢?“这是一项不寻常的运动。”一位来自德国的参赛者说,“这并不是所有的人都在从事的运动。这正是龙舟队的团队精神如此高昂的原因之一,每个人都觉得自己在做一件很特别的事。”那么粽子呢?“喔,我觉得它不难吃。”他说,“那是一种需要后天培养的品味。我只是还没培养出来罢了。”

The Dragon Boat Festival ,also called the Duanwu Festival ,is celebrated on the fifth day of the fifth month according to the

Chinese calendar.People always eat rice dumplings and watch dragon boat races to celebrate it.

The festival is best known for its dragon-boat races,especially in the southern places where there are many rivers and lakes. Ití?s

very popular.

The rice dumpling is made of glutinous rice,meat and so on. You can eat different kinds of rice dumplings.They are very delicious.

And Dragon Boat Festival is for Qu Yuan. He is an honest minister who is said to have committed suicide by drowning himself in a{中西传统节日比较英语作文}.

river.

Overall, the Dragon Boat Festival is very interesting!

端午节(Dragon Boat Festival)

The Dragon Boat Festival occurs on the fifth day of the fifth moon of the lunar calendar(阴历). It is one of the three most important of the annual Chinese festivals. The other two are the Autumn Moon Festival and Chinese New Year.

The story of this colorful festival concerns a famous Chinese scholar-statesman(政治家) named Chu Yuan(屈原) who, some three centuries before the birth of Christ, served the King of Chu(楚怀王)during the Warring States period. As a loyal minister(大臣), Chu Yuan at first enjoyed the full confidence and respect of his sovereign(君主). Eventually, through the intrigues of his rivals, he was discredited(不足信的, 不名誉的).

Chu Yuan was never able to regain(恢复) the emperor's favor and on the fifth day of the fifth moon in the year 295 B.C.(Before Christ), at the age of 37, Chu Yuan clasped a stone to his chest and plunged into the Milo River(汨罗江) in the Hunan Province(湖南省).

Respecting the minister as an upright(正直的) and honest man, the people who lived in the area jumped into their boats and rushed out in a vain search for him. This unsuccessful rescue attempt is a part of what the Dragon Boat Festival commemorates every year.

Probably the most exciting and interesting aspect of the festival is the racing of the Dragon Boats. These races not only symbolize the people's attempt to save Chu Yuan, they also demonstrate the Chinese virtues(美德) of cooperation and teamwork.

Another activity of the Festival is the making and eating of a kind of dumpling called Tzungtzu (粽子). When it became known that Chu Yuan was gone forever, the people, living along the river, threw cooked rice into the water as a sacrifice(祭品) to their dead hero. They wrapped(包) rice in bamboo leaves(粽叶), and stuffed(填满) it with ham, beans, bean paste(豆沙), salted egg yokes, sausages, nuts, and/or vegetables.

To the Chinese the fifth lunar moon is more than just the Dragon Boat Festival. Since antiquity(古代), they have believed that this month is a pestilential and danger-fraught(瘟疫的及充满危险的) period. Children born in this month are said to be difficult to raise(抚养), and people tend to concentrate their efforts during this time attempting to protect their families from ills and misfortune. The day of the Dragon Boat Festival is customarily the time when cleaning and sanitation(卫生) are stressed(着重, 强调). Most families hang calamus(菖蒲) and artemisia(艾草) above their doors, both as a decoration and as a preventive against pestilence.

Ancient folk medicines(民间药物) such as realgar(雄黄酒)are added to the food eaten on the Festival day. This is believed to prevent disease and to promote a healthy digestive system(消化器官). The drinking of realgar in wine supposedly relieves(解除) the effects of poisons accumulated in human bodies.

The sachets (Hsiang Pao in Chinese香包) are very popular with children and they vie(竞争) with each other to collect as many as possible. Children are not the only ones who collect Hsiang Pao. Older people are often given them as a symbol of respect, and they are highly prized because of the intricate(复杂的) and beautiful embroidery(刺绣) that adorns(装饰) them.

The Dragon Boat Festival is an entertaining and enjoyable event. It gives the observer an opportunity to glimpse a part of the rich Chinese cultural heritage

1、Its Chinese name "Qing Ming" literally means "Clear Brightness," hinting at its importance as a celebration of Spring. Similar to the spring festivals of other cultures, Tomb Sweeping Day celebrates the rebirth of nature, while marking the beginning of the planting season and other

outdoor activities.

清明节,又叫踏青节,正是春光明媚草木吐绿的时节,也正是人们春游的好时候,所以古人有清明踏青,并开展一系列体育活动的的习俗。直到今天,清明节祭拜祖先,悼念已逝的亲人的习俗仍很盛行。

2、In ancient times, people celebrated Qing Ming Jie with dancing, singing, picnics, and kite flying. Colored boiled eggs would be broken to symbolize the opening of life.

3、One theory is that since any number of ghosts rome around a grave area, the less appealing food will be consumed by the ancestors, and not be plundered by strangers.

清明节扫墓英语作文

Last Qingming Festival,i return home to worship my grandfather.Qingming Festival is a folk Festival.In the past,In the past, the Qingming Festival was called "Arbor Day". But Today, Chinese visit their family graves to tend to any underbrush that has grown. Weeds are pulled, and dirt swept away, and the family will set out offerings of food and spirit money. Unlike the sacrifices at a family's home altar, the offerings at the tomb usually consist of dry, bland food. One theory is that since any number of ghosts rome around a grave area, the less appealing food will be consumed by the ancestors, and not be plundered by strangers.

With the passing of time, this celebration of life became a day to the honor past ancestors. Following folk religion, the Chinese believed that the spirits of deceased ancestors looked after the family. Sacrifices of food and spirit money could keep them happy, and the family would prosper through good harvests and more children.

1、Its Chinese name "Qing Ming" literally means "Clear Brightness," hinting at its importance as a celebration of Spring. Similar to the spring festivals of other cultures, Tomb Sweeping Day celebrates the rebirth of nature, while marking the beginning of the planting season and other outdoor activities.

清明节,又叫踏青节,正是春光明媚草木吐绿的时节,也正是人们春游的好时候,所以古人有清明踏青,并开展一系列体育活动的的习俗。直到今天,清明节祭拜祖先,悼念已逝的亲人的习俗仍很盛行。

2、In ancient times, people celebrated Qing Ming Jie with dancing, singing, picnics, and kite flying. Colored boiled eggs would be broken to symbolize the opening of life.

3、One theory is that since any number of ghosts rome around a grave area, the less appealing food will be consumed by the ancestors, and not be plundered by strangers.

清明节扫墓英语作文

Last Qingming Festival,i return home to worship my grandfather.Qingming Festival is a folk Festival.In the past,In the past, the Qingming Festival was called "Arbor Day". But Today,

中西传统节日比较英语作文篇五

中西方传统节日的英文详细介绍

中西方传统节日的英文详细介绍

阳历节日:

1月1日元旦(New Year's Day)

2月2日世界湿地日(World Wetlands Day)

2月14日情人节(Valentine's Day)

3月3日全国爱耳日

3月5日青年志愿者服务日

3月8日国际妇女节(International Women' Day)

3月9日保护母亲河日

3月12日中国植树节(China Arbor Day)

3月14日白色情人节(White Day)

3月14日国际警察日(International Policemen' Day)

3月15日世界消费者权益日(World Consumer Right Day)

3月21日世界森林日(World Forest Day)

3月21日世界睡眠日(World Sleep Day)

3月22日世界水日(World Water Day)

3月23日世界气象日(World Meteorological Day)

3月24日世界防治结核病日(World Tuberculosis Day)

4月1日愚人节(April Fools' Day)

4月5日清明节(Tomb-sweeping Day)

4月7日世界卫生日(World Health Day)

4月22日世界地球日(World Earth Day)

4月26日世界知识产权日(World Intellectual Property Day)

5月1日国际劳动节(International Labour Day)

5月3日世界哮喘日(World Asthma Day)

5月4日中国青年节(Chinese Youth Day)

5月8日世界红十字日(World Red-Cross Day)

5月12日国际护士节(International Nurse Day)

5月15日国际家庭日(International Family Day)

5月17日世界电信日(World Telecommunications Day)

5月20日全国学生营养日

5月23日国际牛奶日(International Milk Day)

5月31日 世界无烟日(World No-Smoking Day)

6月1日 国际儿童节(International Children's Day)

6月5日世界环境日(International Environment Day)

6月6日全国爱眼日

6月17日世界防治荒漠化和干旱日(World Day to combat desertification)

6月23日国际奥林匹克日(International Olympic Day)

6月25日全国土地日

6月26日国际禁毒日(International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking) 1

7月1日中国GCD诞生日(Anniversary of the Founding of the Chinese Communist Party) 7月1日国际建筑日(International Architecture Day)

7月7日中国人民抗日战争纪念日

7月11日世界人口日(World Population Day)

8月1日中国人民解放军建军节(Army Day)

8月12日国际青年节(International Youth Day)

9月8日国际扫盲日(International Anti-illiteracy Day)

9月10日中国教师节(Teacher's Day)

9月16日中国脑健康日

9月16日国际臭氧层保护日(International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer) 9月20日全国爱牙日

9月21日世界停火日(World Cease-fire Day)

9月27日世界旅游日(World Tourism Day)

10月1日中华人民共和国国庆节(National Day)

10月1日国际音乐日(International Music Day)

10月1日国际老年人日(International Day of Older Persons)

10月4日世界动物日(World Animal Day)

10月5日世界教师日(World Teachers' Day)(联合国教科文组织确立)

10月8日全国高血压日

10月9日世界邮政日(World Post Day)

10月10日世界精神卫生日(World Mental Health Day)

10月14日世界标准日(World Standards Day)

10月15日国际盲人节(International Day of the Blind)

10月15日世界农村妇女日(World Rural Women's Day)

10月16日世界粮食日(World Food Day)

10月17日国际消除贫困日(International Day for the Eradication of Poverty)

10月24日联合国日(United Nations Day)

10月24日世界发展新闻日(World Development Information Day)

10月28日中国男性健康日

10月29日国际生物多样性日(International Biodiversity Day)

10月31日万圣节(Halloween)

11月8日中国记者节

11月9日消防宣传日

11月14日世界糖尿病日(World Diabetes Day)

11月17日国际大学生节

11月25日国际消除对妇女的暴力日(International Day For the elimination of Violence against Women)

12月1日世界爱滋病日(World AIDS Day)

12月3日世界残疾人日(World Disabled Day)

12月4日全国法制宣传日

12月9日世界足球日(World Football Day)

12月25日圣诞节(Christmas Day)

2

12月29日国际生物多样性日(International Biological Diversity Day)

1月最后一个星期日国际麻风节

3月最后一个完整周的星期一中小学生安全教育日

春分月圆后的第一个星期日复活节(Easter Monday)(有可能是3月22-4月25日间的任一天) 5月第二个星期日母亲节(Mother's Day)

5月第三个星期日全国助残日

6月第三个星期日父亲节(Father's Day)

9月第三个星期二国际和平日(International Peace Day)

9月第三个星期六全国国防教育日

9月第四个星期日国际聋人节(International Day of the Deaf)

10月的第一个星期一世界住房日(World Habitat Day)

10月的第二个星斯一加拿大感恩节(Thanksgiving Day)

10月第二个星期三国际减轻自然灾害日(International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction) 10月第二个星期四世界爱眼日(World Sight Day)

11月最后一个星期四美国感恩节(Thanksgiving Day)

农历节日

农历正月初一春节(the Spring Festival)

农历正月十五元宵节(Lantern Festival)

农历五月初五端午节(the Dragon-Boat Festival)

农历七月初七乞巧节(中国情人节)(Double-Seventh Day)

农历八月十五中秋节(the Mid-Autumn Festival)

农历九月初九重阳节(the Double Ninth Festival)

农历腊月初八腊八节(the laba Rice Porridge Festival)

世界各国主要节日中英文对照

第一部分、世界主要节日中英对照(按时间排序)

元旦(1月1日)-----NEW YEAR’S DAY

成人节(日本,1月15日)-----ADULTS DAY

情人节(2月14日)-----ST.VALENTINE’S DAY (VALENTINE’S DAY)

元宵节(阴历1月15日)-----LANTERN FESTIVAL

狂欢节(巴西,二月中、下旬)-----CARNIVAL

桃花节(日本女孩节,3月3日)-----PEACH FLOWER FESTIVAL (DOLL’S FESTIVAL) 国际妇女节(3月8日)-----INTERNATIONAL WOMEN’S DAY

圣帕特里克节(爱尔兰,3月17日)-----ST. PATRICK’S DAY

枫糖节(加拿大,3-4月)-----MAPLE SUGAR FESTIVAL

竞学网编辑推荐:英美主要报刊杂志网站大全篇

愚人节(4月1日)-----FOOL’S DAY

3

复活节(春分月圆后第一个星期日)-----EASTER

宋干节(泰国新年4月13日)-----SONGKRAN FESTIVAL DAY

食品节(新加坡,4月17日)-----FOOD FESTIVAL

国际劳动节(5月1日)-----INTERNATIONAL LABOUR DAY

男孩节(日本,5月5日)-----BOY’S DAY

母亲节(5月的第二个星期日)-----MOTHER’S DAY

把斋节-----BAMADAN

开斋节(4月或5月,回历十月一日)-----LESSER BAIRAM

银行休假日(英国, 5月31日)-----BANK HOLIDAY

国际儿童节(6月1日)-----INTERNATIONAL CHILDREN’S DAY

父亲节(6月的第三个星期日)-----FATHER’S DAY

端午节(阴历5月5日)-----DRAGON BOAT FESTIVAL

仲夏节(北欧6月)-----MID-SUMMER DAY

古尔邦节(伊斯兰节,7月下旬)-----CORBAN

筷子节(日本,8月4日)-----CHOPSTICS DAY

中秋节(阴历8月15日)-----MOON FESTIVAL

教师节(中国,9月10日)-----TEACHER’S DAY

敬老节(日本,9月15日)-----OLD PEOPLE’S DAY

啤酒节(德国十月节,10月10日)-----OKTOBERFEST

南瓜节(北美10月31日)-----PUMPKIN DAY{中西传统节日比较英语作文}.

鬼节(万圣节除夕,10月31日夜)-----HALLOWEEN

万圣节(11月1日)-----HALLOWMAS

感恩节(美国,11月最后一个星期4)-----THANKSGIVING

护士节(12月12日)-----NRUSE DAY

圣诞除夕(12月24日)-----CHRISTMAS EVE

圣诞节(12月25日)-----CHRISTMAS DAD

节礼日(12月26日)-----BOXING DAY

新年除夕(12月31日)-----NEW YEAR’S EVE(a bank holiday in many countries) 春节(阴历一月一日)-----SPRING FESTIVAL (CHINESE NEW YEAR)

第二部分、国际性节日

世界消费者权益日(3月15日)-----WORLD CONSUMER RIGHT DAY 世界水日(3月22日)-----WORLD WATER DAY

4

世界卫生日(4月7日)-----WORLD HEALTH DAY

世界地球日(4月22日)-----WORLD EARTH DAY

国际秘书节(4月25日)-----INTERNATIONAL SECRETARY DAY

国际红十字日(5月8日)-----INTERNATIONAL RED-CROSS DAY 国际护士节(5月12日)-----INTERNATIONAL NURSE DAY

世界电信日(5月17日)-----WORLD TELECOMMUNICATIONS DAY 世界无烟日(5月31日)-----WORLD NO-SMOKING DAY

世界环境日(6月5日)-----WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY 世界人口日(7月11日)-----WORLD POPULATION DAY

世界旅游日(9月27日)-----WORLD TOURISM DAY

世界邮政日(10月9日)-----WORLD POST DAY

世界粮食日(10月16日)-----WORLD GRAIN DAY

世界住房日(十月第一个星期一)-----WORLD HOUSING DAY

世界爱滋病日(12月1日)-----WORLD AIDS DAY

世界残疾日(12月3日)-----WORLD DISABLED DAY

第三部分、世界各国的国庆与独立日

一 月

1日 古巴解放日----------Liberation Day (CUBA)

苏丹独立日----------Independence Day (SUDAN)

4日 缅甸独立日----------Independence Day (MYANMAR) 18日 突尼斯革命日------- Revolution Day (TUNIDIA)

26日 澳大利亚日----------Australia Day

印度共和国日--------Repubic Day (INDIA)

28日 卢旺达民主日--------Democracy Day (RWANDA)

二 月

4日 斯里兰卡国庆日-------National Day (SRILANKA)

5日 墨西哥宪法日---------Constitution Day (MEXICO)

6日 新西兰国庆日---------Waitangi Day (NEW ZEALAND) 7日 格林纳达独立日-------Independence Day (GRENADA) 11日 日本建国日-----------National Founding Day (JAPAN) 伊朗伊斯兰革命胜利日-Anniversay of the Victory of

the Islamic Revolution (IRAN)

16日 美国华盛顿诞辰-------Washington’s Birthday (USA) 18日 冈比亚独立日---------Independence Day (GAMBIA) 5

中西传统节日比较英语作文篇六

中西方节日文化差异比较 中英文版

OECD says Unemployment Will Continue to Rise

OECD:工业化国家失业率持续攀升 Despite reports that many industrialized economies are beginning to

emerge from their worst economic crisis in decades, unemployment is rising and will likely reach a historic peak of nearly 10 percent next year. The findings come from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Paris.

经济合作与发展组织星期三报告说,工业化国家的失业率仍在增加,而且有可能在明年达到近10%的历史最高水平,尽管不断有报道说,很多工业化国家正在走出几十年来最严重的经济危机。

Indications that unemployment continues to rise is grim news for leaders heading to the G-20 summit in the United States next week. The Paris-based Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development reports unemployment reached its highest level among industrialized nations of 8.5 percent in July.

对于下个星期到美国出席20国集团峰会的各国领导人来说,失业率继续上升真是个坏消息。总部设在巴黎的经合组织说,工业化国家的失业率已经在今年7月份达到8.5%的最高水平。

OECD unemployment division chief Stephan Scarpetta says the number of jobless among the OECD's 30 member countries is expected to climb even higher next year, to nearly 10 percent. That translates into 57 million people out of work.

经合组织就业分析和政策部主任斯蒂芬.斯卡皮塔(Stephan Scarpetta)指出,经合组织30个成员国中的失业人数预计在明年将进一步攀升,达到接近10%的水平。也就是说,工业化国家总共会有5千7百万人失去工作。

"Unfortunately, despite the most recent indicators that suggest the

[economic] recovery may be in sight somewhat earlier than we were

expecting only a few months ago, it will take far [longer] for the recovery to materialize in terms of significant improvement in the labor market," he said.

“不幸的是,尽管最近绝大多数指标都显示,经济复苏可能已经出现,比我们几个月前的预期有所提前,但是这次复苏可能需要更长的时间才能转化成劳工市场的显著改善。”

The United States, Spain and Ireland are among those countries with the fastest rising unemployment. All three were affected by the collapse of high housing prices. The damage spread to other sectors of the economy. 美国、西班牙和爱尔兰是OECD成员中失业率上升最快的国家。这三个国家都受到高昂的房地产价格暴跌的影响。而且房地产市场崩溃所造成的破坏扩散到了经济的其他领域。

Scarpetta says young people are among the hardest hit. In Spain, for example, more than one in three young workers are unemployed.

斯卡皮塔指出,年轻人受到的冲击最大。比如在西班牙,三分之一以上的年轻人找不到工作。

So as world leaders discuss the financial and economic crisis during their meeting in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Scarpetta says it is important they also address the social dimensions of the crisis - like unemployment. 他说,当世界领袖们在宾夕法尼亚州的匹兹堡开会讨论金融和经济危机的时候,至关重要的是,他们需要关注这次危机对社会的影响,尤其是失业问题。

"The good news is that countries have already acted quite quickly and decisively, I would say," he said. "Part of the stimulus packages have been additional resources for labor markets and social policies." “好消息是:各国已经迅速和果断地采取了行动。他们经济刺激计划的一部分就是在劳工市场和社会政策方面提供更多的资源。”

But efforts by governments to extend and prolong unemployment

benefits, and to offer more job counseling and training have not kept up with the rising numbers of jobless. Scarpetta says that means countries will need to target their resources more selectively and to ensure that the most vulnerable members of the labor force benefit.

可问题是,各国政府虽然扩大和延长了失业补贴的发放,并且提供了更多的就业咨询和

培训,但是这些措施并没有赶上失业人口的增加。斯卡皮塔表示,各国因此而需要更有选择性地分配资源,以确保劳工队伍中最为脆弱的群体能够得到帮助。

中西方节日文化差异比较

A holiday of a nation represents a glorious culture and concentrated customs of a nation.

传统的民族节日形成是一个民族的历史文化的长期积淀。节日的由来原因与人们的生活有密切的联系, 它体现了人民丰富的情感世界, 寄托了人民对生活的热爱。有这样一句名言: “每个民族的每个节日, 正是反映这个民族文化最真实的一面”。可见, 要了解一个民族的文化底蕴,必须从他们的传统节日入手, 才能了解到他们的文化特色与民族特点。

There is a great difference in culture between China and Western countries, the truth of which is self-evident, for example, language, education, festival, and so on. No one can deny it. Therefore, I choose this topic to study. “A holiday of a nation represents a glorious culture and concentrated customs of a nation.”There are many festival in the world, but a lot of people don’t know any festivals of them, and in the same country, different festivals have different meanings and even the same festival in different countries is celebrated in their own ways. Through contrastive analysis of Chinese and Western festivals, it is interesting to understand the unique charm and the cultural implication of their holiday culture.

一、中西节日的起源与形成差异

中国长期以来处于封建自给自足的农业社会和自然经济中, 其传统节日具有浓厚的农业色彩,包含了农耕文明的社会特征,主要是从岁时节令转换而来的。我国古代长期以农为本, 在生产力和农业技术不发达的情况下,十分重视气候对农作物的影响。在春种、夏长、秋收、冬藏的过程中认识了自然时序的复杂规律, 总结出四时、二十四节气, 形成了以节日为主的传统节日。勤劳的中国人民为了更好地生存, 必须大力发展农业, 而农业的发展离不开天气的关照。古人云“春雨贵如油”、“清明忙种麦,谷雨种大田”。在古代, 春节、清明节等都是重要的农事节日。

西方文化由于长久受基督教的影响, 其传统节日起源带有浓厚的宗教色彩, 如情人节( 纪念名叫瓦丁的基督教殉难者)、复活节( 基督教纪念耶稣复活)、万圣节( 纪念教会所有圣人)、圣诞节( 基督教纪念耶稣诞生) ,这些节日的起源大多与宗教有关系。当然, 西方节日中也有和农业有关的节日, 但他们以农业为主的节日的历史不如中国漫长。

二、中西节日庆祝方式差异

中国的传统节日, 基本是封建社会时期形成的, 不可避免地留下封建社会的痕迹: 等级制、家族式,节日无不以家族内部活动为中心。西方的传统节日就不同了, 更多的是表现出人们的互动性、集体性和狂欢性, 以自我为中心,崇尚个性张扬。这与中国节日的家族性恰好相反, 体现了西方文化的群体性,反映了人们渴望互相交流、群体参与的愿望,体现了人人平等、自由表现自我的特点。这里试举两例说明。

( 1) First of all, let’s have an analysis of spring festival in China and Christmas day in Western countries.

In China, people regard spring festival as a very important holiday, because in the spring, there has been glorious weather with hundreds of flowers struggling colorfully. Everything is renewed and its beauty is beyond description. For several Millennia Chinese people like celebrating the most significant holiday — Spring Festival. Its original meaning is from agriculture. In ancient time, people instituted the paddy growth cycle as the “years”. In the booked titled“shou wen he bu”, there is a saying: “The year, the Valley is ripe.”After the victory of 1911 Revolution in Chinese modern times, the year name has been fixedly gotten down. The Nanjing provisional government stipulated to use lunar calendar stin the folk. And in the factory and school, the Jan 1 of New Year’s Day in lunar calendar is called Spring Festival.

There is a fable about Spring Festival. In ancient time, there was a man named Wan Nian, who saw the Jieling at that time was very messy, so he decided to fix Jieling. But he didn’t find the method to compute time. One day, he was tired of chopping wood on the mountain, and then was seated under the shade. The moving shadow of trees inspired him, and he designed a sundial device, which could test the time of day by shade

of the sun. And later, the spring drop inspired him. He made a five-story vessel to measure the time. After a long time, he found every 360 days on the cycle time and the length of day repeats. At that time, the Monarch named ZuYi who was often distressed at the weather changes in the mishap so soon, knew that and ordered Wan Nian to take the vessel to tell him the truth of the sun and moon’s running. Hearing that, ZuYi was very happy, and hoped it could test sun–moon law and the eve of the morning acutely. Thereafter the people had been benefited from this creator calendar a lot.

After the winter, the spring comes. After years’ of long-term and careful observation, accurate sun calendar was made. When Wan Nian presented a solar calendar to the monarch, he had totally been changed into an old man. The monarch was moved deeply by Wan Nian’s deed. The monarch appointed Wan Nian as the sun-moon God of longevity, in order to commemorate his achievements. Since then when people hung Shouxing map on Spring Festival, it was reported to be honor of the distinguished Wan Nian.

In the west, the Christmas, the Western countries’ most solemn festival, is similar to the Spring Festival in China. The period from December 24 to the January 6 of baptism section in the following year can be referred to Christmas festival.

Why is Christmas the most important festival in Western countries? That is because of the commemoration of the birth of Jesus. In Bible the Virgin Mary, pregnant by the Holy Spirit, gave birth to Jesus in the manger because she didn’t find room in the hotel when returning home on the road. Therefore later generation commemorated the birth of Jesus in December for Christmas. With the spread of Christianity, Christmas has become an important festival among Christians and even it is necessarily the case of the non–Christians.

In many countries of Europe, people attach great importance to this festival, and its celebration is much grander, and gradually Christmas becomes a national festival.

On the evening of Dec.31th, the people in the west flock into the streets to have a grand carnival. There are brilliant fireworks in the sky, drifting with melodious singing on the land. Particularly close to the late zero 0’clock, tens of thousands of people gather in to pray sincerely and silently for the coming year’s countdown. When the bell sounds 12, suddenly, the beautiful music sound, people are singing happily and talking cheerfully, playing all long night. Like the Spring Festival dinner in China, westerners also lay emphasis on Christmas family party and they will sit around Christmas tree, eat the feast meal and sing in Christmas carol and pray for happiness. Turkey will be put on the Christmas dinner table. After everyone enjoys himself, they will jump to the “Disco” or “Kangaroo Dance.”

In the end, both Spring Festival and Christmas day have their own characters. On the eve of New Year in China, people will hold the family reunion without inviting the bystander, which has almost become a common custom. “Spring Festival has dense national culture and traditional atmosphere; it has the glorious history and the unique beauty.”In the West, Christmas Day has its own unique culture. On the Christmas Eve, when the bell sounds 12, Santa Claus who brings the gift and the best wish for each person will arrive. At this night, people are jumping with joy, running unrestrainedly to the avenue, hugging one another, whether they know each other. “The Christmas Day has the air of the time and the tidal sense of touch, so it is more close to the modern life.”

春节与新年。作为新一年的开始, 中西方有着极大差异的庆祝方式。春节作为中国最重要的传统节日, 源于秦朝, 定于每年农历的一月一日,从农历12月23日开始, 人民开始开展各种庆祝方式, 一直持续到元宵节。春节的习俗繁多, 如大扫除、吃团圆饭拜年、放鞭炮, 舞狮子等。总之,不论是大街小巷, 都笼罩着一股浓浓的喜庆气氛。而西方, 他们崇尚的是

过公历新年, 即元旦。相比之下他们过年的方式就浪漫多了, 在12月31日晚,各地区的人民涌上街道,进行盛大的狂欢, 到了深夜接近零时时, 数十万人会聚集于一起, 诚心地祈祷,为新的一年的到来倒计时。当大钟敲响12下, 顿时, 优美的乐曲奏响, 揭开了华丽舞会的序幕, 人们通宵达旦地庆祝。可见, 春节与新年各有千秋: 春节, 充满浓厚的传统气息和独有的魅力; 新年, 体现时代的气息和潮流的感觉, 更贴近现代生活。

( 2) secondly, let’s have an analysis of ZhongYuan festival in China and Halloween day in Western countries. July in the lunar year is the month for ghosts. In this month, the souls will be released from the Hades, but people will be organized to hold activities to entertain them with their hospitality for this rare "holidays." Particularly on Jul.15th, ZhongYuan festival, every family will prepare for rich offerings to sacrifice these good brothers who come from the nether world.

ZhongYuan festival is also the Yulan pot festival in Buddhism, which originates from the familiar story “MuLian saving her mother”. MuLian is one of the Buddha’s disciples. Because his mother was greedy in nature, after the death she was threw into the samara hungry ghost road, and was unable to come back forever. In order to rescue his mother, he made“the thYulan pot festival” on the Lunar Jul.15, worshiping Buddha and monks with five fruits, in the hope of releasing the ancestor from suffering in the Hades.

In the west, this festival is called Halloween day. It begins from Oct.31th to Nov. 7th, and is the third important festivals next to Christmas day and Thanksgiving Day. Such is the origin of Halloween day. The De Ruyt who lived in Great Britain and Ireland believed that there were many gods dominating their lives. And on the De Ruyt’s New Year's Eve, the De Ruyt people let youths gather in a team, wearing strange masks, holding carved turnip carrot lights, wandering across the villages. It was thought to be a harvest celebration in the fall. According to the legend, the dead people will visit on the eve of Halloween. It is said that people should let the ghost see their satisfactory harvest and present abundant

sacrifice to them. Both the bonfires and lights are not only to scare away the ghosts, but also to illuminate them back to the place where they come from.

On this day, people can disguise themselves freely and make trouble to their heart’s content. On many public occasions and home compound, people lay out different kinds of decoration in the windows and doors, such as pumpkin lights, a scarecrow and even the skeleton. Every family will hold a dressing ball, and put on fruit and other crops on the table.

Comparing with these two holidays, I find that the two festivals are all to sacrifice ghosts. However, there is a difference between them. That is, ZhongYuan festival lasts a shorter time, when families gathering to commemorate the ancestors; while Halloween lasts longer, people can take part in procession outdoors, and enjoy beautiful and particular day, in harmony with the nature in a maximum way.

万圣节与中元节。万圣节作为西方的重要节日之一, 颇受人民的重视。那一天, 每户门前都要挂上一盏南瓜灯, 人人都穿上奇装异服,据说有辟邪之用。其实, 作为先进的发达国家, 人们对于鬼怪已不再迷信, 他们多半是为了寻开心而已。同时,人们还举行盛大的化装舞会。他们可以任意去左邻右舍讨吃的, 绝不会受到惩罚。在中国, 传说中元节是鬼门关打开的日子, 这一天,地府里的小鬼会出来游荡, 迷信色彩浓厚的中国人, 对鬼神是极为敬惧的。那一天, 他们会当街烧香祭祖, 祈求鬼神不要降祸于他们。于是,中元节这个与时代格格不入的产物逐渐被淘汰了。

三、中西方节日文化比较之饮食差异比较

中西传统节日中的饮食特点也有显著的差异。中国传统节日中的饮食是趋于感性的, 讲究色、香、味俱全。尤其是节日性美食,每个节日都有不同的食品以区别其他的节日。春节是个祥和的节日, 也是亲人团聚的日子, 离家在外的人, 在过春节时都要回家欢聚。除夕晚上, 全家老小都一起熬夜、守岁, 欢聚酣饮,共享天伦之乐。北方地区在除夕有吃饺子的习

俗, 饺子的作法是先和面, “和”字就是“合”; 饺子的饺和交谐音,“合”和“交”有相聚之意,所以用饺子象征团聚合欢。此外, 饺子因为形似元宝, 过年时吃饺子, 也带有“招财进宝”的吉祥含义。南方有过年吃年糕的习惯,甜甜的粘粘的年糕, 象征新一年生活甜蜜蜜, 步步高升。元宵节有吃元宵的习俗, 端午节有吃粽子的习俗,中秋节有吃月饼的习俗。而西方的饮食则是趋于理性的, 他比中国更重视营养的合理搭配。因此, 有发达的食品工业,如罐头、快餐等, KFC, McDonald虽口味千篇一律,但节省时间, 且营养良好。

四、Different connotations reflected in Chinese and Western festivals 1 The generally traditional holiday connotation

The traditional holiday is created by the whole national and it’s a special symbol of a national culture deriving from a national cohesive force; its energetic influence is huge. All the festivals are established by usage, through which people’s lives are becoming more interesting and colorful. Each holiday has a moving story; each holiday has its

commemoration ceremony and activity; each holiday has its deep history and the cultural implication. Different countries have different ways of celebrating the festivals. Traditional ethnic festival is a complex social and cultural phenomenon, bearing with a formation of the history and the accumulation of characteristics like the psychology, belief, thinking, aesthetic and many other profound cultural connotation of the structure of the value directions. It is the most prominent exhibition of national survival characteristics .It closely relates with people's productive activities and different historical times, and it also acts upon the development of people's material and cultural life through different levels.

2 The religious belief

The religious belief is different. Western religions are extremely obvious. God in the Christianity is all things of the world. He doesn’t allow the people to worship other Gods and idols. What people have is God’s granting rather than acquisition through hard working. So, on the Christmas Day people implore God to bestow the happiness to people. The Chinese traditional is its non –religion. “In the early time, the social structure in China was established on the basis of nature worship and human spirit which was in favor of the mutual coordination and balance between ④God and human.”

3 The ethics culture

The ethical culture is different. Since social development between the West and East is different the ethical cultures are naturally quite different. “China has a long history of land civilization, while the western has marine civilization”. China is a country with a long history of five millennia and a multi-nationality's country. Traditional culture origin is primarily rooted in the Confucianism culture which is a combination of the various schools of thought culture. Chinese

traditional festivals contain abundant spirit humane and ethical culture. From ancient to the modern, there are different kinds of festivals and colorful contents, which come down in one continuous line with Chinese long history. It not only constitutes profound cultural details, but also bears the origin of the culture of the Chinese nation. It is a valuable spiritual heritage. Compared with this, some western festivals, such as Christmas Day, Valentine’s Day and Halloween Day, etc, the ethical color is a bit weak, while the color of entertainment is much more, offering more chance for modern people to show their personalities and enjoy the joy. Thus it can attract more and more investment. In the west the Christianity culture has a great influence on festivals.

4 emotional expression_r

Festivals between China and Western countries are different in the form of emotional expression_r. Thus, Chinese veil their real thoughts while Westerners always reveal their minds freely and directly. The way of accepting gifts and the attitudes are different. During festivals, the

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