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中国文化英语作文篇一

中国传统文化(中英文)

中国传统文化

一、“传统节日”单词预热 vocabulary work

象征意义 symbolic significance

农历 lunar calendar

阳历 solar calendar

端午节 Dragon Boat Festival

元宵节 Lantern Festival

清明节 Pure Brightness Day

重阳节 Double Ninth Day

放逐 be exiled

忠臣 loyal minister

祭祀亡灵 in memory of sb.

龙舟比赛 dragon boat races

中秋节 Mid Autumn Festival

满月 full moon

月饼 moon cake

饺子 dumplings

粥 porridge

有关春节的常用词

放鞭炮 let off firecrackers

耍龙灯 play the dragon lantern

耍狮子 play the lion dance

拜年 pay a new-year call

二、有关“介绍”的翻译

 我很高兴向各位介绍中国的主要传统节日。 I am very happy to have the opportunity to talk to you about major traditional

Chinese holidays.

表示“介绍情况”时,我们可以这样翻译:

 1. to share with you brief information 在此,我愿意向朋友们介绍这些方面的情况。 I'd like to share with you brief information in this respect.

2. to give a brief account of

我简单介绍我厂的情况。

Let me, first of all, give you a brief account of this factory.

在来宾们参观我校之前,请允许我简要介绍一下我校的概况。

Before you start to look around, I would like to give you a brief account of our school.

3. to tell us how/what

请主席先生介绍一下中国农村扶贫运动的情况。

Will Mr. Chairman tell us how the anti-poverty drive is going on in China?

4. to show you

我想向您介绍一下我们初步拟定的活动日程。

I would like to show you our tentative itinerary.

5. to provide sb. with some information

借此机会,向各位介绍上海经济发展和开展国际经贸交往的一些情况。 I’d like to take this opportunity to provide you with some information about Shanghai’s economic development and its foreign trade.          {中国文化英语作文}.

例如,我国的端午节是纪念古代诗人屈原的日子。那一天,人们通常要赛龙舟、吃粽子。

For example, on the Dragon Boat Festival, a day set aside in memory of the ancient poet Qu Yuan, people will hold dragon boat races and eat zongzi, a kind of glutinous rice dumplings wrapped in bamboo leaves.

中秋节是观赏满月的日子。圆圆的月亮象征着圆满,象征着家庭团聚。因此,中秋节的特制食品是一种圆形的月饼。

The Mid-autumn Festival is an occasion for viewing the full moon. The round moon is a symbol for completeness, and family reunion. The special food of the day is the yuebing, a round moon cake.

春节是中国的农历新年,除了常见的海鲜、家禽和肉类之外,人们还要按各自的地方习俗烹制传统菜肴,如饺子和年糕。

The Spring Festival is the Chinese lunar New Year’s holiday. In addition to the popular seafood, poultry and meat, people will prepare traditional food, for example, jiaozi, or boiled dumplings, and niangao, or the year cake according to their regional custom.

中国文化英语作文篇二

中国文化的英语介绍

Chinese Dragon

Dragon totem worship in China has been around for the last 8,000 years. The ancients in China considered the dragon (or loong) a fetish that combines animals including the fish, snake, horse and ox with cloud, thunder, lightning and other natural celestial phenomena. The Chinese dragon was formed in accordance with the multicultural fusion process of the Chinese nation. To the Chinese, the dragon signifies innovation and cohesion.

对龙图腾他的崇拜在中国大约已绵延了八千多年。 中国龙是古人将鱼、蛇、马、牛等动物与云雾、雷电等自然天象集合而成的一种神物。 中国龙的形成与中华民族的多元融合过程同步。在中国人的心目中,龙具有振奋腾飞、开拓变化的寓意和团结凝聚的精神。 Dumplings

Dumplings are one of the Chinese people’s favorite traditional dishes. According to an ancient Chinese legend, dumplings were first made by the medical saint---Zhang Zhongjing. There are three steps involved in making dumplings: 1) make dumpling wrappers out of dumpling flour; 2) prepare the dumpling stuffing; 3) make dumplings and boil them. With thin and elastic dough skin, fresh and tender stuffing, delicious taste, and unique shapes, dumplings are worth eating hundreds of times. There’s an old saying that claims, “Nothing could be more delicious than dumplings”. During the Spring Festival and other holidays, or when treating relatives and friends, Chinese people like to follow the auspicious custom of eating dumplings. To Chinese people who show high reverence for family love, having dumplings at the moment the old year is replaced by the new is an essential part of bidding farewell to the old and ushering in the new year.

饺子是深受中国人民喜爱的传统食品。 相传为古代医圣张仲景发明。饺子的制作是包括: 1) 擀皮、2) 备馅、3) 包馅水煮三个步骤。其特点是皮薄馅嫩,味道鲜美,形状独特,百食不厌。民间有“好吃不过饺子”的俗语。中国人接亲待客、逢年过节都有包饺子吃的习俗,寓意吉利。对崇尚亲情的中国人来说,“更岁交子”吃饺子,更是欢度除夕、辞旧迎新必不可少的内容。

Acupuncture

Acupuncture is an important part of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). In accordance with the “main and collateral channels” theory in TCM, the purpose of acupuncture is to dredge the channel and regulate qi and blood, so as to keep the body’s yin and yang balanced and achieve reconciliation between the internal organs. It features in traditional Chinese medicine that “internal diseases are to be treated with external therapy”. The main therapy of acupuncture involves using needles to pierce certain acupoints of the patient’s body, or adopting moxibustion to stimulate the patient’s acupoints so as to stimulate the channels and relieve pain. With its unique advantages, acupuncture has been handed down generation after generation and has now spread all over the world. Nowadays, acupuncture, along with Chinese food, kung fu (otherwise known as Chinese martial arts), and traditional Chinese medicine, has been internationally hailed as one of the “four new national treasures.”

针灸是中医学的重要组成部分。按照中医的经络理论,针灸疗法主要是通过疏通经络、调和气血,来达到阴阳归于平衡,使脏腑趋于调和之目的。其特点是“内病外治”。主要疗法是用针刺入病人身体的一定穴位,或用艾火的温热刺激烧灼病人的穴位,以达到刺激经络。治疗病痛的目的。针灸以其独特的优势,流传至今并传播到了世界,与中餐、功夫、中药一起被海外誉为中国的“新四大国粹”。

Chinese Kung Fu

Chinese kung fu, or Chinese martial arts, carries traditional Chinese culture in abundance. It is a

traditional Chinese sport which applies the art of attack and defence in combat and the motions engaged with a series of skill and tricks. The core idea of Chinese king fu is derived from the Confucian theory of both “the mean and harmony” and “cultivating qi” (otherwise known as nourishing one’s spirit). Meanwhile, it also includes thoughts of Taoism and Buddhism. Chinese kung fu has a long history, with multi-various sects and many different boxing styles, and emphasizes coupling hardness with softness and internal and external training. It contains the ancient great thinkers’ pondering of life and the universe. The skills in wielding the 18 kinds of weapons named by the later generations mainly involve the skills of bare-handed boxing, such as shadow boxing (Taijiquan), form and will boxing (Xingyiquan), eight trigram palm (Baguazhang), and the skills of kung fu weaponry, such as the skill of using swords, spears, two-edged swords and halberds, axes, tomahawks, kooks, prongs and so on.

中国功夫即中国武术,是将技击寓于搏斗和套路运动之中的中国传统体育项目,承载着丰富的中国民族传统文化。其核心思想是儒家的中和养气之说,同时兼容了道家、释家的思想。中国武术源远流长、流派林立、拳种繁多,讲究刚柔并济、内外兼修,蕴含着先哲们对生命和宇宙的参悟。后世所称十八般武艺,主要指:徒手拳艺,如太极拳、形意拳、八卦掌等;器械功夫,如刀枪剑戟、斧钺钩叉等。

Chinese Characters

Chinese characters were initially meant to be simple pictures used to help people remember things. After a long period of development, it finally became a unique character system that embodies phonetic sound, image, idea, and rhyme at the same time. The writing system, which was extremely advanced in ancient times, began with inscriptions on bones and tortoise shells, and these are regarded as the original forms of Chinese characters. Afterwards, Chinese characters went through numerous calligraphic styles: bronze inscriptions, official script, regular script, cursive script, running script, etc. Chinese characters are usually round outside and square inside, which is rooted in ancient Chinese beliefs of an orbicular sky and a rectangular Earth. The five basic strokes of Chinese characters are “---“ (the horizontal stroke) “│” (the vertical stroke), “/”( the left-falling stroke), “\” (the right-falling stroke), and “乙” (the turning stroke).

汉字是从原始人用以记事的简单图画,经过不断演变发展最终成为一种兼具音、形、意韵的独特文字。现存中国古代最早成熟的文字是甲骨文,被认为是现代汉字的初形。此后,汉字又经历了金文、隶书、楷书、草书、行书等不同的阶段。汉字结构“外圆内方“, 源于古人”天圆地方“的观念。汉字有五种基本笔画,即:横、竖、撇、捺、折。

Chinese Chopsticks

The Chinese way of eating with chopsticks is unique in the world. The recorded history of chopsticks started more than three thousand years ago. Chopsticks were named zhu in ancient Chinese. They look deceptively simple to use, but possess multi-various functions, such as clamping, turning over, lifting up, raking, stirring, scooping, poking, tearing, and so on. Chopsticks were taken as an auspicious mascot by ordinary people in ancient China. For example, the partial tone of chopsticks is often used by people as a metaphor at weddings to indicate a blessing or benediction for the couple to have a baby soon. Unlike using a knife and fork or one’s own hands, a pair of chopsticks also implies the meaning of “Harmony is what matters”. Chopsticks are highly praised by Westerners as a hallmark of ancient oriental civilization.

中国人使用筷子就餐的方式在世界上独树一帜。有史记载用筷的历史已有三千多年。筷子古时称为箸,它看似简单,但却同时具有夹、拨、挑、扒、拌、撮、戳、撕等多种功能。中国民间视筷子为吉祥之物,如婚俗中将筷子隐喻为快生贵子的祝福等。与使用刀叉以及手抓的

方式不同,成双结对的筷子含有“和为贵“的意蕴。西方人赞誉筷子是古老的东方文明。 Chinese Seal

A seal can also be defined as a stamp. Both the Chinese official and private seal of various dynasties have different titles, such as stamp, zhu note, contract, fu, lease and others. The seals used by the emperors of ancient China were called xi, yin, bao, etc. According to historical records, seals were widely used during the Warring States Period (475BC-221BC). The making of a seal is to engrave fonts, such as seal characters and official script and so on; or images in the form of intaglio and embossment into the seal, basically shaped as round or square. Covered with a vermilion overlay, the Chinese seal is not only used in daily life, but it is also used to represent signatures on paintings and calligraphies. It is gradually becoming one of China’s unique artworks.

印章就是图章。中国历代官、私所用的印章有印信、朱记、合同、符、契等等不同的称谓,而帝王所用的印章古时称玺、印、宝、章等。据史料记载,印章在战国时代已普遍使用。印章的制作是将篆隶等字体、图像用阴、阳的形式雕刻而成,形状以圆、方为主。印章用朱色 钤盖,除日常应用外,又多用于书画题识,逐渐成为中国特有的艺术形式之一。

Chinese Era

The Chinese era is the symbol that the Chinese calendar uses for recording and naming years. The ten Heavenly Stems are: jia, yi, bing, ding, wu, ji, geng, xin, ren, gui. The twelve Earthly Branches are: zi.chou, yin, mou, chen, si, wu, wei, shen, you, xu, hai. After observing the lunar month, the ancients found that the moon always wazes and wanes roughly 12 times a year, and two lunar months account for about 60 days, so the order of the ten Heavenly Stems and the order of the twelve Earthly Branches are properly matched in turn. In terms of recording date, 60 years is considered to be a full time cycle. The Chinese era chronology was first invented in ancient times and is still in use now. according to the chronology of the “ten Heavenly Stems,” 2011 is the year of “the seventh of the ten Heavenly Stems” and “ the fifth of the twelve Earthly Branches”.

天干地支是中国历法中用以记录和命名年岁的方法。十天干为:甲、乙、丙、丁、戊、已、庚、辛、壬、癸;十二地支为:子、丑、寅、卯、辰、巳、午、未、申、酉、戊、亥。古人观测朔望月,发现月亮圆缺12次大体上是一年的天数,而两个朔望月约是60天。古人以十天干与十二地支的顺序依次相配,记录不同年份,60年为一个轮回。干支纪年法从古沿用至今。按干支纪年法,2011年便是辛卯年。

Chinese Beijing Opera

Praised as “Oriental Opera”, Beijing Opera is a genuine national quintessence of China. It originated from many kinds of ancient local operas, especially huiban in southern China. At the end of the 19th Century, Beijing Opera evolved and took shape, becoming the greatest kind of opera in China. Beijing Opera is a blend of performing arts---song, speech, performance, acrobatix fighting and dance. Beijing Opera portrays and narrates the plot and characters through stylized acting. The main types of roles in Beijing Opera are sheng(male), dan (young female), jing (painted face, male), and chou( clown, male or female).

京剧被誉为“东方歌剧”, 是地道的中国国粹。它起源于中国多种古老的地方戏剧,特别是南方的“徽班”。到了19世纪末,京剧形成并成为中国最大的戏曲剧种。京剧是综合性表演艺术,集唱(歌唱)、念(念白)、做(表演)、打(武)、舞(舞蹈)为一体,通过程式化的表演手段,叙述故事,刻画人物。角色主要分生(男性)、旦(女性)、净(男性)、丑(男性女性皆有)四大行当。

Chinese Taoism

Taoism first originated in China. The founder of Taoism is Laozi, a philosopher and thinker who lived in the late Spring and Autumn Period (770BC-476BC). Tao Te Ching whose authorship has been attributed to Laozi, is considered to be the main Taoist classic. Taoism advocates the value of a human being’s life, recommends the discarding of all desires and worries from one’s mind, and encourages the cultivation of moral character and the nourishment of human nature. The following is an example of Laozi’s golden saying:

The way that can be told of is not an unvarying way;

The names that can be named are not unvarying names.

It was from the nameless that Heaven and Earth sprang;

The named is but the mother that rears the ten thousand creatures, each after its kind.

{中国文化英语作文}.

Truly, only he that rids himself forever of desire can see the secret essences;

He that has never rid himself of desire can see only the outcomes.

道教是中国土生土长长的宗教。创始人是春秋末期的哲学家、思想家老子。道教以老子所著的《道德经》为主要经典。道教主张“重人贵生”。崇尚清静无为,修身养性。“道可道,非常道。名可名,非常名。无名天地之始;有名万物之母。故常无,欲以观其妙;常有,欲以观其徼”便是老子的至理名言。

Chinese Idioms

Chinese idioms refer to comprehensive and integrated fixed phrases and expressions. Idioms are established and accepted by constant usage and common practice. An idiom is a language unit that is larger than a word, but has the same grammatical function as a word. Most Chinese idioms consist of four characters. For example, ziqiangbuxi ( make unremitting efforts to improve oneself), qingchuyulan(bluer than indigo), and houjibofa (success comes with time and effort). Idioms are extrated from folk proverbs, ancient works of literature, poems, fables, allusions, and well-known sayings. Idioms are a part of the Chinese language that are concise and have great vitality.

中国成语是汉语中意义完整的表示一般概念的固定词组或短语。“成语”中的“成”既是约定俗成。成语是比词大而语法功能又相当于词的语言单位。绝大多数的中国成语由四个汉字组成,例如:自强不息、青出于蓝、厚积薄发。成语主要从民间谚语、古代文学作品、诗歌、寓言、典故、名言警句等方面提炼而成,是汉语语言中精炼而又富有生命力的一部分。 Chinese silk

China is the home of silk. Mulberry planting, sericulture, silk reeling and thickening are all great inventions of the ancient Chinese. As early as the Shang and Zhou Dynasties (1600BC-256BC), the Chinese people’s silk-weaving techniques had reached an extremely high level. During the Western Han Dynasty (206BC-25AD), Zhang Qian, an outstanding diplomat, travelled around central Asia and connected China with the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean, opening up a new era of Sino-foreign trade, exchange and communication. From then on, China’s silk became well known for its extraordinary quality, exquisite design and color, and abundant culture connotations. Hitherto, Chinese silk has been accepted as a symbol of Chinese culture and the emissary of oriental civilization.

中国是丝绸的故乡。栽桑、养蚕、缫丝、织绸是中国古代人民的伟大发明。商周时期丝绸的生产技术就已发展到相当高的水平。西汉时张骞通西域,把中原与波斯湾、地中海紧密联系起来,开辟了中外交流贸易的新纪元。从此中国的丝绸以其卓越的品质、精美的花色和丰富的文化内涵闻名于世,成为中国文化的象征。东方文明的使者。

Chinese Classical Garden

The Chinese classical garden is a precious treasure of our ancient Chinese architecture. It is a kind of environment art, which systematically combines artificial mountains and rivers, plants and buildings with the natural landscape. The construction standard of a Chinese classical garden is “artificial as it is, the garden must look ingenious and natural.” When you go sightseeing in a Chinese classical garden, you should be able to appreciate its artistic concept which “makes use of the natural landscape to create the real fun of mountains and rivers for viewers.” Of the world’s three major garden systems, the Chinese classical garden is hailed as one of the origins of the world’s garden due to its long history and abundant connotations.

中国园林是把人造的山水、植物、建筑等与自然地貌有机结合的环境艺术,是我国古代建筑艺术的珍宝。其建造原则是“妙极自然,宛自天开”。游赏中国古典园林,能充分领略“假自然之景,创山水真趣”的园林意境。在世界三大园林体系中,中国园林历史悠久、内涵丰富,被誉为世界造园史上的渊源之一。

The Four Treasures of the Study

The writing brush, ink stick, ink stone, and paper were requisite treasures in the study of the scholars of ancient China, and they are often referred to as the “Four Treasures of the Study.” The writing brush and ink stick have been used by the Chinese to write and paint since 5,000 years ago. In the Qin Dynasty (221BC---206BC), people already used feathers of different hardness and bamboo trunks to make brushes. During the Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD), man-made ink was used instead of natural ink. After paper was invented by the Chinese, bamboo slips, wooden tablets, brocade and silk, which originally functioned as writing surfaces, gradually faded out. The ink stone was first developed with the use of writing brushes and ink. After the Song Dynasty (960AD---1279AD), the “Four Treasure of the Study” particularly referred to hubi, the writing brush produced in Huzhou, Zhejiang province; huimo, the ink stick produced in Huizhou, Anhui province; xuan paper, a kind of paper produced in Xuanzhou, Anhui province; and duanyan, the ink stone made in Zhaoqing, Guangdong province (Zhaoqing was earlier called Duanzhou). Indeed, the Four Treasures of the Study” have writtin the whole Chinese civilization, as it is.

笔墨纸砚是中国古代文人书房当中必备的宝贝,被称为“文房四宝”。用笔墨书写绘画在中国可追溯到五千年前。秦时已用不同硬度的毛和竹管制笔;汉代以人工制墨替代了天然墨;有了纸张以后,简牍锦帛逐失其用;砚台则随笔墨的使用而发展。 “文房四宝”到宋朝以后特指湖笔、徽墨、宣纸、端砚。可以说文房四宝书写了整个中华文明。

中国文化英语作文篇三

中国文化 中英文对照

中国龙

对龙图腾的崇拜在中国大约已绵延了八千多年。中国龙是古人将鱼,蛇,马,牛等动物与云雾,雷电等自然天象集合而成的一种神物。中国龙的形成与中华民族的多元融合过程同步。在中国人的心目中,龙具有振奋腾飞,开拓变化的寓意和团结凝聚的精神。

Chinese Dragon

Dragon totem worship in China has been around for the last 8,000 years. The ancients in China considered the dragon (or Loong) a fetish that combines animals including the fish, snake, horse and ox with cloud, thunder, lightning and other natural celestial phenomena. The Chinese dragon was formed in accordance with the multicultural fusion process of the Chinese nation. To the Chinese, the dragon signifies innovation and cohesion.

饺子

饺子是深受中国人民喜爱的传统特色食品。相传为古代医圣张仲景发明。饺子的制作是包括:

1)擀皮、2)备馅、3)包馅水煮三个步骤。其特点是皮薄馅嫩,味道鲜美,形状独特,百食不厌。民间有“好吃不过饺子”的俗语。中国人接亲待友。逢年过节都有包饺子吃的习俗,寓意吉利。对崇尚亲情的中国人来说,“更岁交子”吃饺子,更是欢度除夕、辞旧迎新必不可少的内容。

Dumplings

Dumplings are one of the Chinese people’s favorite traditional dishes. According to an ancient Chinese legend, dumplings were first made by the medical saint—Zhang Zhongjing. There are three steps involved in making dumplings: 1) make dumpling wrappers out of dumpling flour; 2) prepare the dumpling stuffing; 3) make dumplings and boil them. With thin and elastic dough skin, freshen and tender stuffing, delicious taste, and unique shapes, dumplings are worth eating hundreds of times. There’s an old saying that claims, “Nothing could be more delicious than dumplings.” During the Spring Festival and other holidays or when treating relatives and friends, Chinese people like to follow the auspicious custom of eating dumplings. To Chinese people who show high reverence for family love, having dumplings at the moment the old year is replaced by the new is an essential part of bidding farewell to the old and ushering in the New Year. 针灸

针灸是中医学的重要组成部分。按照中医的经络理论,针灸疗法主要是通过疏通经络、调和气血,来达到阴阳归于平衡,使脏腑趋于调和之目的。其特点是“内病外治”。主要疗法是用针刺入病人身体的一定穴位,或用艾火的温热刺激烧灼病人的穴位。以达到刺激经络,治疗病痛的目的。针灸以其独特的优势,流传至今病传播到了世界,与中餐、功夫、中药一起被海外赞誉为中国的“新四大国粹”。

Acupuncture

Acupuncture is an important part of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). In accordance with the “main and collateral channels” theory in TCM, the purpose of acupuncture is to dredge the channel and regulate qi and blood, so as to keep the body’s yin and yang balanced and achieve reconciliation between the internal organs. It features in traditional Chinese medicine that “internal diseases are to b e treated with external therapy”/ the main therapy of acupuncture involves using needles to pierce certain acupoints of the patient’s body, or adopting moxibustion to stimulate the patient’s acupoints so as to stimulate the channels and relieve pain. With its unique advantages, acupuncture has been handed down generation after generation and has now spread all over the world. Nowadays, acupuncture, along with Chinese food, kungfu (otherwise known as Chinese martial arts), and traditional Chinese medicine, has been

internationally hailed as one of the “four new national treasures”.

中国汉字汉字是从原始人用以记事的简单图画,经过不断演变发展最终成为一种兼具音、形、意、韵的独特文字。现存中国古代最早成熟的文字是甲骨文,被认为是现代汉字的初形。此后,汉字又经历了金文、隶书、楷书、草书、行书等不同的阶段。汉字结构“内圆外方”,源于古人“天圆地方”的观念。汉字有五种基本笔画,即:横、竖、撇、捺、折。 Chinese characters

Chinese characters were initially meant to be simple pictures use to help people remember things. After a long period of development, it finally became a unique character system that embodies phonetic sound, image, idea, and rhyme at the same time. The writing system, which was extremely advanced in ancient times, began with inscriptions on bones and tortoise shells, and these are regarded as the original forms of Chinese characters. Afterwards, Chinese characters went through numerous calligraphic styles: bronze inscriptions, official script, regular script, cursive script, running script, etc. Chinese characters are usually round outside and square inside, which is rooted in ancient Chinese beliefs of an orbicular sky and a rectangular Earth. The five basic strokes of Chinese characters are “ 一” (the horizontal stroke), “ 丨” (the vertical stroke), “丿” (the left-falling stroke), “ 捺” (the right-falling stroke), and “乙” (the turning stroke). 中国筷子

中国人使用筷子就餐的方式在世界独树一帜。有史记载用筷的历史已有三千多年。筷子古时称为箸,它看似简单,但却同时具有夹、拨、挑、扒、拌、撮、戳、撕等多种功能。中国民间视筷子为吉祥之物,如婚俗中将筷子隐喻为快生贵子的祝福等。与使用刀叉以及手抓的方式不同, 成双结对的筷子含有“和为贵”的意蕴。西方人赞誉筷子是古老的东方文明。 Chinese chopsticks

The Chinese way of eating with chopsticks is unique in the world. The recorded history of chopsticks started more than three thousand years ago. Chopsticks were named zhu in ancient Chinese. They look deceptively simple to use, but possess multi-various functions, such as clamping, turning over, lifting up, raking, stirring, scooping, poking, tearing, and so on. Chopsticks were taken as an auspicious mascot by ordinary people in ancient China. For example, the partial tone of chopsticks is often used by people as a metaphor at weddings to indicate a blessing or benediction for the couple to have a baby soon. Unlike using a knife and fork or one’s own hands, a pair of chopsticks also implies the meaning of “Harmony is what matters”. Chopsticks are highly praised by westerners as a hallmark of ancient oriental civilization.

中国印章

印章就是图章。中国历代官、私所用的印章有印信、朱记、合同、符、契等等不同的称谓,而帝王所用的印章古时称玺、印、宝、章等。据史料记载,印章在战国时代(前475-前221)已普遍使用。 印章的制作时将篆隶等字体、图像用阴、阳的形式雕刻而成,形状以圆、方为主。印章用朱色钤章,除日常应用外,又多用于书画题识,逐渐成为中国特有的艺术形式之一。

Chinese seal

A seal can also be defined as a stamp. Both the Chinese official and private seal of various dynasties have different titles, such as stamp, zhu not, contract, fu, lease and others. The seals used by the emperors of ancient China were called xi, yin, bao, etc.. According to historical records, seals were widely used during the Warring States period (475 BC ---221 BC). The making of a seal is to engrave fonts, such as seal characters and official script and so on; or images in the form of intaglio and embossment into the seal, basically shaped as round or square. Covered with

a vermilion overlay, the Chinese seal is not only used in daily life, but it is also used to represent signatures on paintings and calligraphies. It is gradually becoming one of China’s unique artworks. 天干地支

天干地支是中国历法中用以记录和命名年岁的方法。十天干为:甲乙丙丁戊己庚辛壬癸;十二天干为:子丑寅卯辰巳午未申酉戌亥。古人观测朔望月,发现月亮圆缺12次大体上是一年的天数,而两个朔望月约是60天。古人以十天干与十二地支的顺序依次相配,记录不同年份,60年为一个轮回。干支纪年法从古沿用至今。按干支纪年法,2011年便是辛卯年。 Chinese era

The Chinese era is the symbol that the Chinese calendar uses for recording and naming years. The ten Heavenly Stems are: jia, yi, bing, ding, wu, ji, geng, xin, ren, gui. The twelve Earthly Branches are: zi, chou, yin, mou, chen, si, wu, wei, shen, you, xu, hai. After observing the lunar month, the ancients found that the moon always waxes and wanes roughly 12 times a year, and two lunar months account for about 60 days. So the order of the ten Heavenly Stems and the order of the twelve Earthly Branches are properly matched in turn. In terms of recording date, 60 years is considered to be a full time cycle. The Chinese ear chronology was first invented in ancient times and is still in use now. According to the chronology of the “ten Heavenly Stems”, 2011 is the year of “the seventh of the ten Heavenly Stems” and “the fifth of the twelve Earthly Branches”.

饺子是深受中国人民喜爱的传统特色食品。相传为古代医圣 张仲景发明。饺子的制作是包括:1)擀皮、2)备焰、3)包馅 水煮三个步骤。其特点是皮薄馅嫩,味道鲜美,形状独特,百食 不厌。民间有“好吃不过饺子”的俗语。中国人接亲待友、逢年 过节都有包铰子吃的习俗,寓意吉利。对崇尚亲情的中国人来讲, “更岁交子”吃饺子,更是欢度除夕、辞旧迎新必不可少的内容。

Dumplings

Dumplings are one of the Chinese people’s favorite traditional dishes. According to an ancient Chinese legend, dumplings were first made by the medical saint— Zhang Zhongjing. There are three steps involved in making dumplings: 1) make dumpling wrappers out of dumpling flour; 2) prepare the dumpling stuffing; 3) make dumplings and boil them. With thin and elastic dough skin, fresh and tender stuffing, delicious taste, and unique shapes, dumplings are worth eating hundreds of times. There’s an old saying that claims, “Nothing could be more delicious than dumplings.” During the Spring Festival and other holidays, or when treating relatives and friends, Chinese people Like to follow the auspicious custom of eating dumplings. To Chinese people who show high reverence for family love, having dumplings at the moment the old year is replaced by the new is an essential part of bidding farewell to the old and ushering in the New Year. 中国功夫

中国功夫即中国武术,是将技击寓于搏斗和套路运动之中的 中国传统体育项目,承载着丰富的中国民族传统文化。其核心思 想是儒家的中和养气之说,同时兼容了道家、释家的思想。中国 武术源远流长、流派林立、拳种繁多,讲究刚柔并济、内外兼修, 蕴含着先哲们对生命和宇宙的参悟。后世所称十八般武艺,主要 指:徒手拳艺,如太极拳、形意拳、八卦掌等;器械功夫,如刀 枪剑戟、斧钺钩叉等。

Chinese Kung Fu

Chinese Kung fu, or Chinese martial arts, carries traditional Chinese culture in abundance. It is a traditional Chinese sport which applies the art of attack and defense in combat and the motions engaged with a series of skill and tricks. The core idea of Chinese Kung fu is derived from the Confucian theory of both “the mean and harmony” and “cultivating qi” (otherwise known as

nourishing one’s spirit). Meanwhile, it also includes thoughts of Taoism and Buddhism. Chinese kung fu has a long history, with multi-various sects and many different boxing styles, and emphasizes coupling hardness with softness and internal and external training. It contains the ancient great thinkers’ pondering of life and the universe. The skills in wielding the 18 kinds of weapons named by the later generations mainly involve the skills of bare-handed boxing, such as shadow boxing (Taijiquan), form and will boxing (Xingyiquan), eight trigram palm (Baguazhang), and the skills of kung fu weaponry, such as the skill of using swords, spears, two-edged swords and halberds, axes, tomahawks, hooks, prongs and so on.

剪纸(paper cutting)是中国最为流行的传统民间艺术形式之一。中国剪纸有一千五百多年的历史,在明朝和清朝时期(the Ming and Qing Dynasties)特别流行。人们常用剪纸美化居家环境。特别是在春节和婚庆期间,剪纸被用来装饰门窗和房间,以增加喜庆的气氛。剪纸最常用的颜色是红色,象征健康和兴旺。中国剪纸在世界各地很受欢迎,经常被用作馈赠外国友人的礼物。

Paper cutting is one of China’s most popular traditional folk arts. Chinese paper cutting has a history of more than 1,500 years. It was widespread particularly during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. People often beautify their homes with paper cuttings. During the Spring Festival and wedding celebrations, in particular, paper cutting are used to decorate doors, windows and rooms in order to enhance the joyous atmosphere. The color most frequently used in paper cutting is red, which symbolizes health and prosperity. Chinese paper cutting is very popular around the world and it is often given as a present to foreign friends.

酒是中国人生活中的重要饮料之一。中国制酒源远流长,享誉中外。在中国最具有代表性的酒莫过于白酒了,从某种角度上来说,中国的酒文化就是白酒文化。酒在中国人眼里更多的是一种交际的工具。酒渗透于整个中华五千年的文明史中,从文学创作、文化娱乐到饮食烹饪、养生保健等各方面在中国人生活中都占有重要的位置。

Alcohol is one of the important drinks in Chinese people’s life. Chinese alcohol-making has a long history and has been renowned at home and abroad. In China, no alcohol is more representative than Chinese liquor and at some point, Chinese alcohol culture is Chinese liquor culture. Alcohol is more of a communication tool in Chinese people’s eyes. Alcohol has permeated 5000 years’ civilization of the whole Chinese history, which plays an important role in every aspect of Chinese people’s life, from literary and artistic creation and entertainment to food and cooking and health preservation.

中国武术(Chinese martial arts)是中国民族体育的主要内容之一,是几千年来中国人民用以锻炼身体和自卫的一种方法。中国武术主要内容包括搏击技巧,格斗手法,攻防策略和武器使用等技术,是以自立、自强、健体养生为目标的体育活动。它体现出中国人对攻防技术及策略的理解。中国武术对生命真理探索的人文哲学的特色对现今中国的大众文化有着深远的影响。

Chinese martial arts is one of the main contents of China’s national sports. It is one means by which Chinese people have been building up their bodies and defending themselves. Chinese martial arts mainly includes skills like fighting skills, wrestling techniques, attacking and defending strategies and weapon applications. It is a kind of sport that aims at independence, self-reliance and health fitness. It reflects Chinese people’s understanding of attacking and defending skills and strategies. The humanistic philosophy of Chinese martial arts, which features the exploration of the truth of the life, has profound influence on Chinese mass culture nowadays.

瓷器是中国最为重要的手工艺之一。中国瓷器有3500多年的历史,明清时期尤其繁荣。瓷器不仅可以用作日常餐具(dinnerware)、花瓶等,精美的瓷器更是常常被人们用来装饰家居。作为高档艺术品的象征,真品瓷器常常具有极高的艺术价值和经济价值,因此,长被很多人视为珍藏品。中国瓷器受到各国人民的欢迎,经常被用作表达中外友谊的礼物。

Porcelain is one of China’s most important handicrafts. Chinese porcelain has a history of more than 3,500 years, its most prosperous period being Ming and Qing Dynasties. Porcelains can be used as daily dinnerware and vases, and delicate porcelains are even commonly used for home decoration by people. As symbols of high-end works of art, authentic porcelains are often of extremely high artistic and economic value and therefore they are often regarded as precious collections by many people. Chinese porcelains are popular with people around the world, and they are often used as presents for expressing friendship between Chinese and foreign people. 每年4月4日、5日或6日是清明节(the Qingming Festival)。清明节后气温升高,雨水增多。清明节既是中国的传统节日,也是最重要的祭祀(commemoration)节日。在这一天,汉族和少数民族都会供奉祖先,为逝去的人扫墓。清明节也是阳光明媚、草木吐绿的时节。自古以来,人们就有清明踏青(Spring outings)的习俗。人们还会在清明节放风筝。这时植树树苗存活率高,之后也长的快,因此清明节也是植树的好时候。

The Qingming Festival falls on April 4,5,or 6 each year. After the festival, the temperature rises up and rainfall increases. The Qingming festival is not only a traditional festival in China, but also the most important festival of commemoration. Both the Han nationality and minority nationality offer sacrifices to their ancestors and sweep the tombs of the deceased at this time. The Qingming Festival is a time when the sun shines brightly, the trees and grass become green. Since ancient times, people have followed the custom of Spring outings. People love to fly kits during the Qingming Festival. The Qingming Festival is also a good time to plant trees, for the survival rate of saplings is high and trees grow fast later.

风筝是中国传统的民间艺术之一。中国风筝在春秋时期(Spring and Autumn Period)就已出现,距今有两千多年的历史了。最初的风筝常用作军事用途,如测量距离、测试风向和通讯。后来它逐渐与神话故事、花鸟瑞兽、吉祥寓意(auspicious meanings)等结合,从而形成了独具特色的风筝文化。阳光明媚的春日里,人们常常结伴去放风筝。中国风筝也受到世界各国人们的喜爱,很早以前就传到了世界各地。

The kite is one of the Chinese traditional folk arts. The Chinese kite came into being in the Spring and Autumn Period and since then it has had a history of over two thousand years. Kites were used for military purpose initially, like measuring distances, testing wind directions, and communications. Later, it is integrated with fairy tales, luck characters such as flowers, birds and beasts and auspicious meanings and thus a unique kite culture with characteristics has been formed. In sunny spring days, people usually go for company outings to fly kites. The Chinese kite has also been loved by people from all over the world, for it was introduced into the globe a long time ago.

中国结(Chinese knot)是中国古老文明的一个缩影, 是中国特有的民间手工艺术。中国结有着悠久的历史,在明清时期尤为盛行。在现代,它通常被用作室内装饰、亲友间的馈赠礼物及个人的随身饰物。因其外观对称(symmetrical)精致,符合中国传统装饰的习俗和审美观念,故被命名为中国结。在北京申办2008年奥运会的过程中,中国结作为中国传统文化的象征,深受各国朋友的喜爱。

Chinese Knot is a miniature of the ancient Chinese civilization, and it is unique to Chinese traditional manual art. Chinese Knot has a long history, and is especially prevalent in the Ming

中国文化英语作文篇四

中国文化中英文对照

中国龙

对龙图腾的崇拜在中国大约已绵延了八千多年。中国龙是古人将鱼,蛇,马,牛等动物与云雾,雷电等自然天象集合而成的一种神物。中国龙的形成与中华民族的多元融合过程同步。在中国人的心目中,龙具有振奋腾飞,开拓变化的寓意和团结凝聚的精神。

Chinese Dragon

Dragon totem worship in China has been around for the last 8,000 years. The ancients in China considered the dragon (or Loong) a fetish that combines animals including the fish, snake, horse and ox with cloud, thunder, lightning and other natural celestial phenomena. The Chinese dragon was formed in accordance with the multicultural fusion process of the Chinese nation. To the Chinese, the dragon signifies innovation and cohesion.

饺子

饺子是深受中国人民喜爱的传统特色食品。相传为古代医圣张仲景发明。饺子的制作是包括:

1)擀皮、2)备馅、3)包馅水煮三个步骤。其特点是皮薄馅嫩,味道鲜美,形状独特,百食不厌。民间有"好吃不过饺子"的俗语。中国人接亲待友。逢年过节都有包饺子吃的习俗,寓意吉利。对崇尚亲情的中国人来说,"更岁交子"吃饺子,更是欢度除夕、辞旧迎新必不可少的内容。

Dumplings

Dumplings are one of the Chinese people's favorite traditional dishes. According to an ancient Chinese legend, dumplings were first made by the medical saint-Zhang Zhongjing. There are three steps involved in making dumplings: 1) make dumpling wrappers out of dumpling flour; 2) prepare the dumpling stuffing; 3) make dumplings and boil them. With thin and elastic dough skin, freshen and tender stuffing, delicious taste, and unique shapes, dumplings are worth eating hundreds of times. There's an old saying that claims, "Nothing could be more delicious than dumplings." During the Spring Festival and other holidays or when treating relatives and friends, Chinese people like to follow the auspicious custom of eating dumplings. To Chinese people who show high reverence for family love, having dumplings at the moment the old year is replaced by the new is an essential part of bidding farewell to the old and ushering in the New Year. 针灸

针灸是中医学的重要组成部分。按照中医的经络理论,针灸疗法主要是通过疏通经络、调和气血,来达到阴阳归于平衡,使脏腑趋于调和之目的。其特点是"内病外治"。主要疗法是用针刺入病人身体的一定穴位,或用艾火的温热刺激烧灼病人的穴位。以达到刺激经络,治疗病痛的目的。针灸以其独特的优势,流传至今病传播到了世界,与中餐、功夫、中药一起被海外赞誉为中国的"新四大国粹"。

Acupuncture

Acupuncture is an important part of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). In accordance with the "main and collateral channels" theory in TCM, the purpose of acupuncture is to dredge the channel and regulate qi and blood, so as to keep the body's yin and yang balanced and achieve reconciliation between the internal organs. It features in traditional Chinese medicine that "internal diseases are to b e treated with external therapy"/ the main therapy of acupuncture involves using needles to pierce certain acupoints of the patient's body, or adopting moxibustion to stimulate the patient's acupoints so as to stimulate the channels and relieve pain. With its unique advantages, acupuncture has been handed down generation after generation and has{中国文化英语作文}.

now spread all over the world. Nowadays, acupuncture, along with Chinese food, kungfu (otherwise known as Chinese martial arts), and traditional Chinese medicine, has been internationally hailed as one of the "four new national treasures".

中国汉字汉字是从原始人用以记事的简单图画,经过不断演变发展最终成为一种兼具音、形、意、韵的独特文字。现存中国古代最早成熟的文字是甲骨文,被认为是现代汉字的初形。此后,汉字又经历了金文、隶书、楷书、草书、行书等不同的阶段。汉字结构"内圆外方",源于古人"天圆地方"的观念。汉字有五种基本笔画,即:横、竖、撇、捺、折。

Chinese characters

Chinese characters were initially meant to be simple pictures use to help people remember things. After a long period of development, it finally became a unique character system that embodies phonetic sound, image, idea, and rhyme at the same time. The writing system, which was extremely advanced in ancient times, began with inscriptions on bones and tortoise shells, and these are regarded as the original forms of Chinese characters. Afterwards, Chinese characters went through numerous calligraphic styles: bronze inscriptions, official script, regular script, cursive script, running script, etc. Chinese characters are usually round outside and square inside, which is rooted in ancient Chinese beliefs of an orbicular sky and a rectangular Earth. The five basic strokes of Chinese characters are " 一" (the horizontal stroke), " 丨" (the vertical stroke), "丿" (the left-falling stroke), " 捺" (the right-falling stroke), and "乙" (the turning stroke). 中国筷子

中国人使用筷子就餐的方式在世界独树一帜。有史记载用筷的历史已有三千多年。筷子古时称为箸,它看似简单,但却同时具有夹、拨、挑、扒、拌、撮、戳、撕等多种功能。中国民间视筷子为吉祥之物,如婚俗中将筷子隐喻为快生贵子的祝福等。与使用刀叉以及手抓的方式不同, 成双结对的筷子含有"和为贵"的意蕴。西方人赞誉筷子是古老的东方文明。 Chinese chopsticks

The Chinese way of eating with chopsticks is unique in the world. The recorded history of chopsticks started more than three thousand years ago. Chopsticks were named zhu in ancient Chinese. They look deceptively simple to use, but possess multi-various functions, such as clamping, turning over, lifting up, raking, stirring, scooping, poking, tearing, and so on. Chopsticks were taken as an auspicious mascot by ordinary people in ancient China. For example, the partial tone of chopsticks is often used by people as a metaphor at weddings to indicate a blessing or benediction for the couple to have a baby soon. Unlike using a knife and fork or one's own hands, a pair of chopsticks also implies the meaning of "Harmony is what matters". Chopsticks are highly praised by westerners as a hallmark of ancient oriental civilization.

中国印章

印章就是图章。中国历代官、私所用的印章有印信、朱记、合同、符、契等等不同的称谓,而帝王所用的印章古时称玺、印、宝、章等。据史料记载,印章在战国时代(前475-前221)已普遍使用。 印章的制作时将篆隶等字体、图像用阴、阳的形式雕刻而成,形状以圆、方为主。印章用朱色钤章,除日常应用外,又多用于书画题识,逐渐成为中国特有的艺术形式之一。{中国文化英语作文}.

Chinese seal

A seal can also be defined as a stamp. Both the Chinese official and private seal of various dynasties have different titles, such as stamp, zhu not, contract, fu, lease and others. The seals used by the emperors of ancient China were called xi, yin, bao, etc.. According to historical records, seals were widely used during the Warring States period (475 BC ---221 BC). The making

of a seal is to engrave fonts, such as seal characters and official script and so on; or images in the form of intaglio and embossment into the seal, basically shaped as round or square. Covered with a vermilion overlay, the Chinese seal is not only used in daily life, but it is also used to represent signatures on paintings and calligraphies. It is gradually becoming one of China's unique artworks. 天干地支

天干地支是中国历法中用以记录和命名年岁的方法。十天干为:甲乙丙丁戊己庚辛壬癸;十二天干为:子丑寅卯辰巳午未申酉戌亥。古人观测朔望月,发现月亮圆缺12次大体上是一年的天数,而两个朔望月约是60天。古人以十天干与十二地支的顺序依次相配,记录不同年份,60年为一个轮回。干支纪年法从古沿用至今。按干支纪年法,2011年便是辛卯年。 Chinese era

The Chinese era is the symbol that the Chinese calendar uses for recording and naming years. The ten Heavenly Stems are: jia, yi, bing, ding, wu, ji, geng, xin, ren, gui. The twelve Earthly Branches are: zi, chou, yin, mou, chen, si, wu, wei, shen, you, xu, hai. After observing the lunar month, the ancients found that the moon always waxes and wanes roughly 12 times a year, and two lunar months account for about 60 days. So the order of the ten Heavenly Stems and the order of the twelve Earthly Branches are properly matched in turn. In terms of recording date, 60 years is considered to be a full time cycle. The Chinese ear chronology was first invented in ancient times and is still in use now. According to the chronology of the "ten Heavenly Stems", 2011 is the year of "the seventh of the ten Heavenly Stems" and "the fifth of the twelve Earthly Branches".

饺子是深受中国人民喜爱的传统特色食品。相传为古代医圣 张仲景发明。饺子的制作是包括:1)擀皮、2)备焰、3)包馅 水煮三个步骤。其特点是皮薄馅嫩,味道鲜美,形状独特,百食 不厌。民间有"好吃不过饺子"的俗语。中国人接亲待友、逢年 过节都有包铰子吃的习俗,寓意吉利。对崇尚亲情的中国人来讲, "更岁交子"吃饺子,更是欢度除夕、辞旧迎新必不可少的内容。

Dumplings

Dumplings are one of the Chinese people's favorite traditional dishes. According to an ancient Chinese legend, dumplings were first made by the medical saint- Zhang Zhongjing. There are three steps involved in making dumplings: 1) make dumpling wrappers out of dumpling flour; 2) prepare the dumpling stuffing; 3) make dumplings and boil them. With thin and elastic dough skin, fresh and tender stuffing, delicious taste, and unique shapes, dumplings are worth eating hundreds of times. There's an old saying that claims, "Nothing could be more delicious than dumplings." During the Spring Festival and other holidays, or when treating relatives and friends, Chinese people Like to follow the auspicious custom of eating dumplings. To Chinese people who show high reverence for family love, having dumplings at the moment the old year is replaced by the new is an essential part of bidding farewell to the old and ushering in the New Year. 中国功夫

中国功夫即中国武术,是将技击寓于搏斗和套路运动之中的 中国传统体育项目,承载着丰富的中国民族传统文化。其核心思 想是儒家的中和养气之说,同时兼容了道家、释家的思想。中国 武术源远流长、流派林立、拳种繁多,讲究刚柔并济、内外兼修, 蕴含着先哲们对生命和宇宙的参悟。后世所称十八般武艺,主要 指:徒手拳艺,如太极拳、形意拳、八卦掌等;器械功夫,如刀 枪剑戟、斧钺钩叉等。

Chinese Kung Fu

Chinese Kung fu, or Chinese martial arts, carries traditional Chinese culture in abundance. It is a traditional Chinese sport which applies the art of attack and defense in combat and the motions

engaged with a series of skill and tricks. The core idea of Chinese Kung fu is derived from the Confucian theory of both "the mean and harmony" and "cultivating qi" (otherwise known as nourishing one's spirit). Meanwhile, it also includes thoughts of Taoism and Buddhism. Chinese kung fu has a long history, with multi-various sects and many different boxing styles, and emphasizes coupling hardness with softness and internal and external training. It contains the ancient great thinkers' pondering of life and the universe. The skills in wielding the 18 kinds of weapons named by the later generations mainly involve the skills of bare-handed boxing, such as shadow boxing (Taijiquan), form and will boxing (Xingyiquan), eight trigram palm (Baguazhang), and the skills of kung fu weaponry, such as the skill of using swords, spears, two-edged swords and halberds, axes, tomahawks, hooks, prongs and so on.

剪纸(paper cutting)是中国最为流行的传统民间艺术形式之一。中国剪纸有一千五百多年的历史,在明朝和清朝时期(the Ming and Qing Dynasties)特别流行。人们常用剪纸美化居家环境。特别是在春节和婚庆期间,剪纸被用来装饰门窗和房间,以增加喜庆的气氛。剪纸最常用的颜色是红色,象征健康和兴旺。中国剪纸在世界各地很受欢迎,经常被用作馈赠外国友人的礼物。

Paper cutting is one of China's most popular traditional folk arts. Chinese paper cutting has a history of more than 1,500 years. It was widespread particularly during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. People often beautify their homes with paper cuttings. During the Spring Festival and wedding celebrations, in particular, paper cutting are used to decorate doors, windows and rooms in order to enhance the joyous atmosphere. The color most frequently used in paper cutting is red, which symbolizes health and prosperity. Chinese paper cutting is very popular around the world and it is often given as a present to foreign friends.{中国文化英语作文}.

酒是中国人生活中的重要饮料之一。中国制酒源远流长,享誉中外。在中国最具有代表性的酒莫过于白酒了,从某种角度上来说,中国的酒文化就是白酒文化。酒在中国人眼里更多的是一种交际的工具。酒渗透于整个中华五千年的文明史中,从文学创作、文化娱乐到饮食烹饪、养生保健等各方面在中国人生活中都占有重要的位置。

Alcohol is one of the important drinks in Chinese people's life. Chinese alcohol-making has a long history and has been renowned at home and abroad. In China, no alcohol is more representative than Chinese liquor and at some point, Chinese alcohol culture is Chinese liquor culture. Alcohol is more of a communication tool in Chinese people's eyes. Alcohol has permeated 5000 years' civilization of the whole Chinese history, which plays an important role in every aspect of Chinese people's life, from literary and artistic creation and entertainment to food and cooking and health preservation.

中国武术(Chinese martial arts)是中国民族体育的主要内容之一,是几千年来中国人民用以锻炼身体和自卫的一种方法。中国武术主要内容包括搏击技巧,格斗手法,攻防策略和武器使用等技术,是以自立、自强、健体养生为目标的体育活动。它体现出中国人对攻防技术及策略的理解。中国武术对生命真理探索的人文哲学的特色对现今中国的大众文化有着深远的影响。

Chinese martial arts is one of the main contents of China's national sports. It is one means by which Chinese people have been building up their bodies and defending themselves. Chinese martial arts mainly includes skills like fighting skills, wrestling techniques, attacking and defending strategies and weapon applications. It is a kind of sport that aims at independence, self-reliance and health fitness. It reflects Chinese people's understanding of attacking and defending skills

and strategies. The humanistic philosophy of Chinese martial arts, which features the exploration of the truth of the life, has profound influence on Chinese mass culture nowadays.

瓷器是中国最为重要的手工艺之一。中国瓷器有3500多年的历史,明清时期尤其繁荣。瓷器不仅可以用作日常餐具(dinnerware)、花瓶等,精美的瓷器更是常常被人们用来装饰家居。作为高档艺术品的象征,真品瓷器常常具有极高的艺术价值和经济价值,因此,长被很多人视为珍藏品。中国瓷器受到各国人民的欢迎,经常被用作表达中外友谊的礼物。{中国文化英语作文}.

Porcelain is one of China's most important handicrafts. Chinese porcelain has a history of more than 3,500 years, its most prosperous period being Ming and Qing Dynasties. Porcelains can be used as daily dinnerware and vases, and delicate porcelains are even commonly used for home decoration by people. As symbols of high-end works of art, authentic porcelains are often of extremely high artistic and economic value and therefore they are often regarded as precious collections by many people. Chinese porcelains are popular with people around the world, and they are often used as presents for expressing friendship between Chinese and foreign people. 每年4月4日、5日或6日是清明节(the Qingming Festival)。清明节后气温升高,雨水增多。清明节既是中国的传统节日,也是最重要的祭祀(commemoration)节日。在这一天,汉族和少数民族都会供奉祖先,为逝去的人扫墓。清明节也是阳光明媚、草木吐绿的时节。自古以来,人们就有清明踏青(Spring outings)的习俗。人们还会在清明节放风筝。这时植树树苗存活率高,之后也长的快,因此清明节也是植树的好时候。

The Qingming Festival falls on April 4,5,or 6 each year. After the festival, the temperature rises up and rainfall increases. The Qingming festival is not only a traditional festival in China, but also the most important festival of commemoration. Both the Han nationality and minority nationality offer sacrifices to their ancestors and sweep the tombs of the deceased at this time. The Qingming Festival is a time when the sun shines brightly, the trees and grass become green. Since ancient times, people have followed the custom of Spring outings. People love to fly kits during the Qingming Festival. The Qingming Festival is also a good time to plant trees, for the survival rate of saplings is high and trees grow fast later.

风筝是中国传统的民间艺术之一。中国风筝在春秋时期(Spring and Autumn Period)就已出现,距今有两千多年的历史了。最初的风筝常用作军事用途,如测量距离、测试风向和通讯。后来它逐渐与神话故事、花鸟瑞兽、吉祥寓意(auspicious meanings)等结合,从而形成了独具特色的风筝文化。阳光明媚的春日里,人们常常结伴去放风筝。中国风筝也受到世界各国人们的喜爱,很早以前就传到了世界各地。

The kite is one of the Chinese traditional folk arts. The Chinese kite came into being in the Spring and Autumn Period and since then it has had a history of over two thousand years. Kites were used for military purpose initially, like measuring distances, testing wind directions, and communications. Later, it is integrated with fairy tales, luck characters such as flowers, birds and beasts and auspicious meanings and thus a unique kite culture with characteristics has been formed. In sunny spring days, people usually go for company outings to fly kites. The Chinese kite has also been loved by people from all over the world, for it was introduced into the globe a long time ago.

中国结(Chinese knot)是中国古老文明的一个缩影, 是中国特有的民间手工艺术。中国结有着悠久的历史,在明清时期尤为盛行。在现代,它通常被用作室内装饰、亲友间的馈赠礼物及个人的随身饰物。因其外观对称(symmetrical)精致,符合中国传统装饰的习俗和审美观念,故被命名为中国结。在北京申办2008年奥运会的过程中,中国结作为中国传统文化的象征,深受各国朋友的喜爱。

中国文化英语作文篇五

中国文化 英文表达

1. 元宵节: Lantern Festival

2. 刺绣:embroidery

3. 重阳节:Double-Ninth Festival

4. 清明节:Tomb sweeping day

5. 剪纸:Paper Cutting

6. 书法:Calligraphy

7. 对联:(Spring Festival) Couplets

8. 象形文字:Pictograms/Pictographic Characters

9. 人才流动:Brain Drain/Brain Flow

10. 四合院:Siheyuan/Quadrangle

11. 战国:Warring States

12. 风水:Fengshui/Geomantic Omen

13. 铁饭碗:Iron Bowl

14. 函授部:The Correspondence Department

15. 集体舞:Group Dance

16. 黄土高原:Loess Plateau

17. 红白喜事:Weddings and Funerals

18. 中秋节:Mid-Autumn Day

19. 结婚证:Marriage Certificate

20. 儒家文化:Confucian Culture

21. 附属学校:Affiliated school

22. 古装片:Costume Drama

23. 武打片:Chinese Swordplay Movie

24. 元宵:Tangyuan/Sweet Rice Dumpling (Soup)

25. 一国两制:One Country, Two Systems

26. 火锅:Hot Pot

27. 四人帮:Gang of Four

28. 《诗经》:The Book of Songs

29. 素质教育:Essential-qualities-oriented Education

30. 《史记》:Historical Records/Records of the Grand Historian

31. 大跃进:Great Leap Forward (Movement)

32. 《西游记》:The Journey to the West

33. 除夕:Chinese New Year’s Eve/Eve of the Spring Festival

34. 针灸:Acupuncture

35. 唐三彩:Tri-color Pottery of the Tang Dynasty/ The Tang Tri-colored pottery

36. 中国特色的社会主义:Chinese-charactered Socialist/Socialist with Chinese characteristics

37. 偏旁:radical

38. 孟子:Mencius

39. 亭/阁: Pavilion/ Attic

40. 大中型国有企业:Large and Medium-sized State-owned Enterprises

41. 火药:gunpowder

42. 农历:Lunar Calendar

43. 印/玺:Seal/Stamp

44. 物质精神文明建设:The Construction of Material Civilization and Spiritual Civilization

45. 京剧:Beijing Opera/Peking Opera

46. 秦腔:Crying of Qin People/Qin Opera

47. 太极拳:Tai Chi

48. 独生子女证:The Certificate of One-child

49. 天坛:Altar of Heaven in Beijing

50. 小吃摊:Snack Bar/Snack Stand

51. 红双喜:Double Happiness

52. 政治辅导员:Political Counselor/School Counselor

53. 春卷:Spring Roll(s)

54. 莲藕:Lotus Root

55. 追星族:Star Struck

56. 故宫博物院:The Palace Museum

57. 相声:Cross-talk/Comic Dialogue

58. 下岗:Lay off/Laid off

59. 北京烤鸭:Beijing Roast Duck

60. 高等自学考试:Self-taught Examination of Higher Education

61. 烟花爆竹:fireworks and firecracker

62. 敦煌莫高窟:Mogao Caves

63. 电视小品:TV Sketch/TV Skit

64. 香港澳门同胞:Compatriots from Hong Kong and Macao

65. 文化大革命:Cultural Revolution

66. 长江中下游地区:The Mid-low Reaches of Yangtze River

67. 门当户对:Perfect Match/Exact Match

68. 《水浒》:Water Margin/Outlaws of the Marsh

69. 中外合资企业:Joint Ventures

70. 文房四宝(笔墨纸砚):"The Four Treasure of the Study" "Brush, Inkstick, Paper, and Inkstone"

71. 兵马俑:cotta Warriors/ Terracotta Army

72. 旗袍:cheongsam

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