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2017上海一模英语作文

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2017上海一模英语作文篇一

2017上海高考英语黄浦区一模

黄浦区2016-2017学年度第一学期高三年级期终调研测试

英 语 试 卷

(完卷时间: 120分钟 满分: 150分)

2016年12月9日上午

II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A

Directions: After reading the passage below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.

Infant Day Care, Good or Bad?

The British psychoanalyst John Bowlby maintains that separation from the parents during the sensitive “attachment” period from birth to three may influence a child’s personality and lead to emotional problems in later life. Some people have drawn the conclusion from Bowlby’s work (21) _________ children should not be sent to day care before the age of three because of the parental separation (22) _________ involves, and many people do believe this. But there are also arguments (23) _________ such a strong conclusion.

Firstly, experts point out that the isolated love affair between children and parents (24) _________ (find) in modern societies does not usually exist in traditional societies. For example, in some tribal societies, such as the Ngoni, the father and mother of a child did not raise their infant alone – far from it. Secondly, common sense tells us that day care would not be so widespread today (25) _________ parents and care-takers found children had problems with it. Statistical studies of this kind have not yet been carried out, and they have regularly reported that day care had a slightly positive effect on children’s development. But tests (26) ________ have been used to measure this development are not widely enough accepted to settle the issue.

But Bowlby’s analysis raises the possibility that early day care has delayed effects. The possibility that such care might lead to, say, more mental illness or crime 15 or 20 years later can only be explored by the use of statistics. Whatever the long-term effects, parents sometimes find the immediate effects difficult (27) _________ (deal) with. Children under three are likely to protest at (28) _________ (leave) their parents and show unhappiness. At the age of three or three and a half almost all children find the change to nursery easy, and this is undoubtedly (29) _________ more and more parents make use of child care at this time. The matter, then, is far from clear-cut, though experience and available evidence (30) _________ (indicate) early care is reasonable for infants.

Section B

Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.

First Aid: Difference between Death and Life

First aid is emergency care for a victim of sudden illness or injury until more skillful medical treatment is available. It may save a life or improve certain ___31___ signs including pulse, temperature, and breathing. First aid must be ___32___ as quickly as possible. In the case of the critically injured, a few minutes can make the difference between complete recovery and loss of life.

First-aid ___33___ depend upon a victim’s needs and the provider’s level of knowledge and skill. Knowing what not to do in an emergency is as important as knowing what to do. For example, ___34___ moving a person with a neck injury can lead to permanent health problems.

Despite the variety of injuries possible, several ___35___ of first aid apply to all emergencies. The first step is to call for professional medical help. The victim, if conscious, should be reassured that medical aid has been requested, and asked for permission to provide any first aid. Next, ___36___ the scene, asking other people or the injured person’s family or friends about details of the injury or illness, any care that may have already been given, and ___37___ conditions such as heart trouble. Unless the accident scene becomes unsafe or the victim may suffer further injury, do not move the victim.

First aid requires rapid assessment of victims to determine whether ___38___ conditions exist. One method for ___39___ a victim’s condition is known by the acronym ABC, which stands for:

A – Airway: is it open and clear?

B – Breathing: is the person breathing? Look, listen and feel for breathing.

C – Circulation: is there a pulse? Is the person bleeding ___40___? Check skin color and temperature for

additional indications of circulation problems. III. Reading Comprehension Section A

Directions: For each blank in the following passages there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.

Animal Rights

Every conscious being has interests that should be respected. No being who is conscious of being alive should be devalued to thinghood, dominated, and used as a resource or ___41___. The key point of the idea known as animal rights is a movement to extend moral consideration to all ___42___ beings. Nobody should have to demonstrate a specific level of intelligence or be judged beautiful to be given moral consideration. No being should have to be useful to humanity or capable of accepting “duties” in order to be extended moral consideration. ___43___, what other animals need from us is being free from duties to us.

Animal rights is about letting animals live on their own terms. It can be written into our laws, but is not an actual list or bill of rights as we have for human society. It begins with our

promises not to act like ___44___ of others. Animal rights is about justice ─ treating animals fairly.

Why is animal rights ___45 ___? It is because we humans often act as though we are the only beings on the planet. Although we depend on other animals for our very survival, humans are the only animals that have upset the balance of nature. There are lots of ways that humans ___46___ animals. We domesticate them and use them for food, even though our nutritional needs can be completely supplied by a(n) ___47___ diet. Although other materials are available, we use animal’s skin and other body parts for clothing, furs, hats, boots, jewellery and even pet toys. Humans can talk about it but animals cannot. All animals wish to experience life in its fullness. Unlike many animals who have to kill to survive, humans do not. Why should humans cause ___48___ to other beings when it’s not necessary?

As we do, animals protect their children; they feel fear; they warn each other of dangers; they play. We might differ from other animals in some ways, but that doesn’t give us the right to ___49___ them down, take their lands, pollute their waters, or use them for our conveniences. Animals also experience pain and it’s not difficult to observe ___50___ of pain in the way a conscious being reacts to it. We take advantage, cause distress, and act ___51___ when we use animals for amusement. Lots of pets are ___52___ on the streets when their owners no longer find it convenient or affordable to keep or care for them.

Whether we admit it or not, it’s a prejudice to think we are ___53___ to animals and that it is our right to control them, which can only make people act mean, hateful or neglectful. However, each of us has within us the power to ___54___. We can adopt a different attitude, one that reshape our destiny. This will have wonderful effects on the planet’s other communities, for life is ___55___ avoiding suffering. It is interacting, singing, pursuing joy. We humans can learn to live responsibly, with respect, kindness and love.

41. A. companies 42. A. active 43. A. Indeed 44. A. followers 45. A. necessary

B. goods

C. insects

D. providers D. strange D. Otherwise D. tutors D. revolutionary D. raise D. misery D. tear D. performances D. unfairly D. spoiled D. superior D. proceed D. rather than

B. conscious B. Moreover B. friends

B. neglected B. eliminate B. eco-friendly B. confusion B. chase B. symbols B. chosen

C. intelligent C. Nevertheless C. masters C. exploit

C. isolation C. pull

C. respected

46. A. distinguish 47. A. animal-free 48. A. conflict 49. A. calm 50. A. signs

C. low-salt D. well-balanced

C. symptoms C. gently C. oppressed C. reasonable C. persist C. owing to

51. A. differently 53. A. accessible 54. A. change Section B

B. enthusiastically B. appealing B. dominate B. more than

52. A. abandoned

55. A. contrary to

Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have read.

(A)

①Did English football finally find a new star? At the age of 19, Theo Walcott came onto the scene by scoring a hat-trick for England in a 4-1 victory over Croatia in 2010 World Cup.

②Walcott’s lightning speed and accurate shooting turned the teenager into an overnight star. Many thought he was a new dawn for the England team. He was building his fame for his fast pace, with former Barcelona manager Pep declaring that “you would need a gun to stop him.” FIFA World Player of the Year winner Lionel Messi once also described Walcott as “one of the most dangerous players I have ever played against.” In addition to his speed, Walcott also possessed good balance, movement and technique.

③It was symbolic that Walcott’s goals came from the right-wing. The position had been played by “golden boy” David Beckham for more than 10 years. No longer were the cheers for Beckham. The fans’ hopes now rested on the shoulders of Walcott.

④Walcott was born in London to a black British Jamaican father and a white English mother. He grew up as a Liverpool fan due to his father’s support of Liverpool. When Chelsea asked him to be a ball boy, he used the opportunity to meet his Liverpool idols.

⑤The teenager’s rise to fame was not completely He was part of England’s World Cup team in 2006, but he did not get to play a match. He also spent over two years at Arsenal, where he was fast becoming a key player.

⑥But that year, few were expecting the wonderful performance between England and Croatia. The teenager was the first England player to score three goals in a game since Michael Owen did so seven years before.

⑦Although England was full of superstars, they had a poor record in major tournaments. But things were beginning to change. The win against Croatia was sweet revenge. Croatia was the team which knocked England out of Euro 2008.

⑧Walcott’s wonderful performance lighted England fans’ hope for World Cup victory in South Africa in 2010, since England had not lifted the cup since 1966.

⑨But before England fans got too carried away, our reflection on the past history told us that placing a country’s hopes on one teenager was dangerous.

56. Which of the following CANNOT account for Walcott’s increasing fame?

A. Fast speed.

B. Masterly skills. D. Unusual family.

C. Positional sense.

57. Why did the author mention David Beckham in the 3rd paragraph?

A. To show that England football once had a glorious history. B. To illustrate that Walcott could be entitled “golden boy”. C. To indicate that England fans were difficult to please. D. To imply that people had high expectation on Walcott.

58. In the 5th paragraph, the underlined phrase “” most probably means “________”.

A. impolite

B. unexpected

C. impossible D. unintentional

59. What is the author most likely to agree with?

A. Walcott might not live up to fans’ expectation. B. Walcott might transfer from Arsenal to Liverpool. C. Croatia might change the history of the World Cup.

D. England might be defeated by the opponent in the next round.

(B)

 Overview

Explore Stewart Island and the surrounding bays in our modern mini-buses. Our guides enjoy sharing their local knowledge of the history and environment of Stewart Island. Highlights include Lee Bay, the gateway to Rakiura National Park, beautiful Horseshoe Bay and amazing views of

 More information

    

Departure location: Oban Visitor Centre.

What to bring: Comfortable walking shoes or boots, waterproof jacket, warm sweater or fleece jacket, sunscreen or sunglasses, insect repellent and camera.

Car parking: Vehicle parking is available at Oban (extra cost—reservations recommended).

Wheelchair access: Available.

Children ticket: Children under ten go free for travel as long as they are accompanied by an adult.

 Reviews

“There was so much to see and learn that it was hard to take everything in. The bays we stopped at were beautiful with golden sandy beaches, the forests were overpowering and we expected dinosaurs to appear at any time, the views from lookout point were splendid and the anchor point with Bluff brought a smile. Thank you to Chris and the experienced team for such an informative tour.”

Ron P

“Any visitor to Stewart Island could do no better than take one of the guided tours from the Oban Visitor Centre—especially if you only have limited time available. We had the delightful and extremely informative Kylie conduct a small number on one of the village tours. This is a beautiful place—a few fascinating shops and restaurants, wonderful walks and warm and friendly people.”

Michael Mason

2017上海一模英语作文篇二

2017年上海闵行区高三英语一模试卷和答案

2016-2017学年第一学期高三英语教学质量检测试卷

英语试卷

I. Listening Comprehension

Section A

Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard.

1. A. A postman. B. A policeman. C. A delivery man. D. A taxi driver.

2. A. $50. B. $75. C. $150. D. $200.

3. A. It’s delayed. B. It’s overcrowded. C. It’s empty. D. It’s cancelled.

4. A. She has never talked in public. B. She probably is poor at giving speeches.

C. She enjoys serious moments. D. She wants to give up the public speech.

5. A. Finishing the lunch. B. Having a meeting.

C. Arranging the room. D. Making some coffee.

6. A. By going on a diet. B. By doing physical exercise.

C. By having fewer meals. D. By eating fruit and vegetables.

7. A. The man doesn’t have a good memory. B. The man shouldn’t have bought the chocolate.

C. The man lost the chocolate in the kitchen. D. The man’s son has taken the chocolate.

8. A. The man shouldn’t go for the interview. B. The man’s resume is not well-prepared.

C. The man can send the resume out. D. The man should get ready for the interview.

9. A. Finish the paper before meeting his professor. B. Shorten his paper into a 3000-word article.

C. Get a new and more specific topic for his paper. D. Ask his professor’s help on his choice of topics.

10. A. He will remain in his current job. B. He is quite satisfied with his job.

C. He will ask for a higher salary. D. He can never find a better job.

Section B

Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages and a longer conversation, and you will be asked several questions on each of the passages and the conversation. The passages and conversation will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard.

Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage.

11. A. Public education against smoking is lacking. B. There is no campaign against smoking.

C. There are no rules regarding smoking. D. That smokers ignore the rules about smoking.

12. A. It made her respect smokers in the United States.

B. It made her think that smoking rules need to be changed.

C. It made her want to be more polite towards nonsmokers.

D. It made her more tolerant to smoker behavior.

13. A. It’s no easy job to stop people smoking in Europe.

B. There should be severer rules against smoking in Europe.

C. We should take non-smokers’ rights into consideration.

D. The speaker changed the attitude towards different smokers

Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following news.

14. A. The weight of the boxes moving across the stage.

B. The number of times of repeating the process.

C. The size of the objects shown on the stage.

D. The shape of the cubes used in the show.

15. A. Girls seem to be able to reason earlier than boys.

B. Boys enjoy playing with cubes more than girls.

C. Girls tend to get excited more easily than boys.

D. Boys pay more attention to moving objects than girls.

16. A. They are easy to be nervous. B. They talk at an earlier age.

C. They are better at physical activities. D. They have a different brain pattern.

Questions 17 through 20 are based on the following passage.

17. A. A detective story. B. A professor’s lecture.

C. A class assignment. D. A jewelry store robbery.

18. A. She was involved in a jewelry store robbery.

B. She had trouble finishing her assignment.

C. She did not like the topic she had chosen for her paper.

D. She was taking too many courses.

19. A. Take some extra time. B. Put down whatever ideas she has first.

C. Do some work for another course. D. Write the story ending first.

20. A. To do research for her story. B. To go shopping.

C. To meet her professor. D. To take a break from her work.

II. Grammar and Vocabulary

Section A

Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.

Ask someone what they have done to help the environment recently and they will almost certainly mention recycling. Recycling in the home is very important of course. However, (21)__________(force) to recycle often means we already have more material than we need. We are dealing with the results of that over-consumption in the greenest way possible, but it would be far better (22)__________ we did not need to bring so much material home in the first place.

The total amount of packaging increased (23)__________ 12% between 1999 and 2005. A large number of companies believe that they can attract customers’ attention and stimulate their purchasing desire by over-packaging their goods, thus (24)__________(gain) more profits.

Too much packaging is doing damage to the environment. If such packaging (25)__________(burn), it gives off greenhouse gases which go on to cause the greenhouse effect. Recycling helps, (26)__________ the process itself uses energy. The solution is not to produce such items in the first place. Food waste is a

serious problem, too. Too many supermarkets encourage customers to buy more than they need. However, a few of them are coming round to the idea (27)__________ this cannot continue, encouraging customers to reuse their plastic bags, for example.

But this is not just about supermarkets. It is about all of us. We have learned to associate packaging with quality. We have learned to think that (28)__________ without packaging is of poor quality. This is especially true of food. But it also applies to a wide range of consumer products, (29)__________ often have far more packaging than necessary.

There are signs of hope. As more of us recycle, we are beginning to realize just how much unnecessary materials are collecting. However, despite the ongoing campaigns (30)__________(promote) consumers’ green awareness, we still have a long way to go.

Section B

Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.

There is distinction between reading for information and reading for understanding. Thus we can ____31____ the word “reading” in two distinct senses.

The first sense is the one in which we read newspapers, magazines, or anything else. We can get ____32____ to the content of those materials easily. Such materials may increase our store of information, but they cannot improve our understanding. And clearly we don’t have any difficulty in gaining the new information, for our understanding was ____33____ to them before we started. Otherwise, we would have felt the shock of puzzlement.

The second sense is the one in which we read something that at first we do not completely understand. Here the thing to be read is at the first sight better or higher than the reader. The writer is communicating something that can ____34____ the reader’s understanding. Such communication between unequals must be possible. Otherwise one person could never learn from another. Here “learning” means understanding more, not remembering more information.

What are the ____35____ in this kind of reading? First, there is inequality in understanding. The writer must be “____36____” to the reader in understanding. Besides, his book must ____37____ something he possesses and his potential readers lack. Second, the reader must be able to overcome this inequality in some degree. And he should always try to ____38____ the same level of understanding with the writer. If the equality is ____39____, success of communication is achieved.

Besides gaining information and understanding, there’s another goal of reading - entertainment. It is the least ____40____ and requires the least amount of effort. Everyone who knows how to read can read for entertainment if he wants to. In fact, any book that can be read for understanding or information can probably be read for entertainment as well.

III. Reading Comprehension

Section A

Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.

Celebrities, in other word, famous people, have become one of the most important representatives of popular culture. Fans used to be crazy about a specific film, but now the public tends to base its consumption on the interest of celebrity attached to a specific ____41____. Besides, fashion magazines have almost ____42____ the practice of putting models on the cover because they don't sell nearly as well as famous faces. ____43____, celebrities have realized their unbelievably powerful market potential, moving from advertising for others’ products to developing their own.

Celebrity clothing lines aren't a completely new phenomenon, but in the past they were typically aimed at the ____44____ consumers, while today they’re started by first-class stars whose products enjoy equal fame with some world top ____45____. The most successful start-ups have been those by celebrities with specific personal style. As celebrities become more and more experienced at the market, they expand their production scale ____46____, covering almost all the products of daily life.

However, for every success story, there’s a related warning tale of a celebrity who ____47____ his consumer appeal. No matter how famous the product’s origin is, if it ____48____ to impress consumers with its own qualities it begins to resemble an exercise in self-promotional marketing. And once the initial attention dies down, consumer interest might fade, ____49____ returning to labels which have proved to be reliable.

Today, celebrities face even more severe ____50____. The pop-cultural circle might be bigger than ever, but its rate of turnover(逆转) has ____51____ as well. Each misstep threatens to reduce a celebrity’s shelf life and the same newspaper or magazine that once brought him ____52____ has no problem severely criticizing him and taking everything from him when the opportunity appears. Still, the ego’s(自我的) potential for ____53____ is limitless. Having already achieved great wealth and public recognition, many celebrities see ____54____ as the next frontier to be conquered. As the saying goes, success and failure always go hand in hand. Their success as designers might last only a short time and as a matter of fact, fashion - like celebrity - has always been ____55____. So the next time celebrities introduce their lines of fashion, let’s just wait and see how long they will stay.

41. A. film B. character C. product D. magazine

42. A. abandoned B. promoted C. enhanced D. developed

43. A. All in all B. As a result C. Above all D. On the contrary

44. A. wealthy B. famous C. special D. ordinary

45. A. technologies B. brands C. studios D. producers

46. A. rapidly B. moderately C. reluctantly D. carefully

47. A. ignored B. disapproved C. overvalued D. estimated

48. A. intends B. fails C. manages D. strengthens

49. A. loyalty B. promotion C. regret D. disappointment

50. A. depression B. failure C. punishment D. embarrassment

51. A. slowed down B. called off C. speeded up D. faded away

52. A. fame B. fortune C. trouble D. risk

53. A. information B. knowledge C. reputation D. expansion

54. A. audience B. fashion C. charm D. performance

55. A. admirable B. productive C. temporary D. respectable

Section B

Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read.

(A)

They swim lovely along the shore, looking for underwater greens to feed on. But these days, along Florida’s western coast, something is mixing with the sea grass that manatees(海牛) like to eat. And it’s making them sick - even killing It’s a poisonous form of algae, usually called “red tide” because of its color. Algae are plant-like organisms that live mainly in water. Most are harmless, but not red tide. When it gets mixed in with the grass and the manatees eat it, they get so sick that they can’t even swim.

“They’re basically paralyzed(瘫痪的), and they become unconscious,” said Virginia Edmonds, an animal care manager. Manatees are mammals and they need to surface often to breathe in air. If a manatee is paralyzed, it can’t swim and will drown.

As of Monday, the current red tide outbreak has killed at least 174 manatees since the beginning of this year. That has already beaten Florida’s record-high number for manatee deaths in a single year - and we still have nearly nine months to go!

The experts aren’t sure when the red tide outbreak will end. So many more manatees are in danger. The situation has gotten so desperate that Florida zoos have rescued at least a dozen manatees. You can find manatees anywhere from Brazil up to Florida - and throughout much of the Caribbean Sea.

In fact, the manatee is officially considered an endangered species. Thanks to the US government’s protection, Florida’s manatee population has grown to approximately 5,000 in recent years. But the red tide is threatening their survival. Some experts suspect that pollution from farms even might be fueling the red tide outbreak, because fertilizer that’s used on farms often winds up in water. And when that fertilized water runs off into the Gulf of Mexico, it makes things grow faster - just like on land.

56. The word “them” (in the 1st paragraph) probably refers to “________”.

A. underwater greens B. algae

C. manatees D. endangered animals

57. We can learn from the passage that the red tide ________.

A. causes 174 manatees’ deaths every month B. disables manatees’ ability to surface to breathe

C. has destroyed most of the underwater greens D. helps to fertilize farm lands

58. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

A. The experts’ efforts to keep the red tide from spreading.

B. The potential cause of the expansion of the red tide.

C. The present situation of manatees in Florida.

D. The deadly effect of the poisonous red tide on manatees.

59. What does the passage mainly talk about?

A. The red tide has been changing the manatees’ habitant.

B. The manatee is officially an endangered species.

C. More efforts should be made to save the manatees.

2017上海一模英语作文篇三

2017年上海黄浦区高三英语一模试卷含答案

黄浦区2017学年度第一学期高三年级期终调研测试

英 语 试 卷

(完卷时间: 120分钟 满分: 150分)

2016年12月9日上午

II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A

Directions: After reading the passage below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.

Infant Day Care, Good or Bad?

The British psychoanalyst John Bowlby maintains that separation from the parents during the sensitive “attachment” period from birth to three may influence a child’s personality and lead to emotional problems in later life. Some people have drawn the conclusion from Bowlby’s work (21) _________ children should not be sent to day care before the age of three because of the parental separation (22) _________ involves, and many people do believe this. But there are also arguments (23) _________ such a strong conclusion.

Firstly, experts point out that the isolated love affair between children and parents (24) _________ (find) in modern societies does not usually exist in traditional societies. For example, in some tribal societies, such as the Ngoni, the father and mother of a child did not raise their infant alone – far from it. Secondly, common sense tells us that day care would not be so widespread today (25) _________ parents and care-takers found children had problems with it. Statistical studies of this kind have not yet been carried out, and they have regularly reported that day care had a slightly positive effect on children’s development. But tests (26) ________ have been used to measure this development are not widely enough accepted to settle the issue.

But Bowlby’s analysis raises the possibility that early day care has delayed effects. The possibility that such care might lead to, say, more mental illness or crime 15 or 20 years later can only be explored by the use of statistics. Whatever the long-term effects, parents sometimes find the immediate effects difficult (27) _________ (deal) with. Children under three are likely to protest at (28) _________ (leave) their parents and show unhappiness. At the age of three or three and a half almost all children find the change to nursery easy, and this is undoubtedly (29) _________ more and more parents make use of child care at this time. The matter, then, is far from clear-cut, though experience and available evidence (30) _________ (indicate) early care is reasonable for infants.

Section B

Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be

used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.

First Aid: Difference between Death and Life

First aid is emergency care for a victim of sudden illness or injury until more skillful medical treatment is available. It may save a life or improve certain ___31___ signs including pulse, temperature, and breathing. First aid must be ___32___ as quickly as possible. In the case of the critically injured, a few minutes can make the difference between complete recovery and loss of life.

First-aid ___33___ depend upon a victim’s needs and the provider’s level of knowledge and skill. Knowing what not to do in an emergency is as important as knowing what to do. For example, ___34___ moving a person with a neck injury can lead to permanent health problems.

Despite the variety of injuries possible, several ___35___ of first aid apply to all emergencies. The first step is to call for professional medical help. The victim, if conscious, should be reassured that medical aid has been requested, and asked for permission to provide any first aid. Next, ___36___ the scene, asking other people or the injured person’s family or friends about details of the injury or illness, any care that may have already been given, and ___37___ conditions such as heart trouble. Unless the accident scene becomes unsafe or the victim may suffer further injury, do not move the victim.

First aid requires rapid assessment of victims to determine whether ___38___ conditions exist. One method for ___39___ a victim’s condition is known by the acronym ABC, which stands for:

A – Airway: is it open and clear?

B – Breathing: is the person breathing? Look, listen and feel for breathing.

C – Circulation: is there a pulse? Is the person bleeding ___40___? Check skin color and temperature for

additional indications of circulation problems. III. Reading Comprehension Section A

Directions: For each blank in the following passages there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.

Animal Rights

Every conscious being has interests that should be respected. No being who is conscious of being alive should be devalued to thinghood, dominated, and used as a resource or ___41___. The key point of the idea known as animal rights is a movement to extend moral consideration to all ___42___ beings. Nobody should have to demonstrate a specific level of intelligence or be judged beautiful to be given moral consideration. No being should have to be useful to humanity or capable of accepting “duties” in order to be extended moral consideration. ___43___, what other animals need from us is being free from duties to us.

Animal rights is about letting animals live on their own terms. It can be written into our

laws, but is not an actual list or bill of rights as we have for human society. It begins with our promises not to act like ___44___ of others. Animal rights is about justice ─ treating animals fairly.

Why is animal rights ___45 ___? It is because we humans often act as though we are the only beings on the planet. Although we depend on other animals for our very survival, humans are the only animals that have upset the balance of nature. There are lots of ways that humans ___46___ animals. We domesticate them and use them for food, even though our nutritional needs can be completely supplied by a(n) ___47___ diet. Although other materials are available, we use animal’s skin and other body parts for clothing, furs, hats, boots, jewellery and even pet toys. Humans can talk about it but animals cannot. All animals wish to experience life in its fullness. Unlike many animals who have to kill to survive, humans do not. Why should humans cause ___48___ to other beings when it’s not necessary?

As we do, animals protect their children; they feel fear; they warn each other of dangers; they play. We might differ from other animals in some ways, but that doesn’t give us the right to ___49___ them down, take their lands, pollute their waters, or use them for our conveniences. Animals also experience pain and it’s not difficult to observe ___50___ of pain in the way a conscious being reacts to it. We take advantage, cause distress, and act ___51___ when we use animals for amusement. Lots of pets are ___52___ on the streets when their owners no longer find it convenient or affordable to keep or care for them.

Whether we admit it or not, it’s a prejudice to think we are ___53___ to animals and that it is our right to control them, which can only make people act mean, hateful or neglectful. However, each of us has within us the power to ___54___. We can adopt a different attitude, one that reshape our destiny. This will have wonderful effects on the planet’s other communities, for life is ___55___ avoiding suffering. It is interacting, singing, pursuing joy. We humans can learn to live responsibly, with respect, kindness and love.

41. A. companies 42. A. active 43. A. Indeed 44. A. followers 45. A. necessary

B. goods

{2017上海一模英语作文}.

C. insects

D. providers D. strange D. Otherwise D. tutors D. revolutionary D. raise D. misery D. tear D. performances D. unfairly D. spoiled D. superior D. proceed D. rather than

B. conscious B. Moreover B. friends

{2017上海一模英语作文}.

B. neglected B. eliminate B. eco-friendly B. confusion B. chase B. symbols B. chosen

C. intelligent C. Nevertheless C. masters C. exploit

C. isolation C. pull

C. respected

46. A. distinguish 47. A. animal-free 48. A. conflict 49. A. calm 50. A. signs

C. low-salt D. well-balanced

C. symptoms C. gently C. oppressed C. reasonable C. persist C. owing to

51. A. differently 53. A. accessible 54. A. change

B. enthusiastically B. appealing B. dominate B. more than

52. A. abandoned

55. A. contrary to

Section B

Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have read.

(A)

①Did English football finally find a new star? At the age of 19, Theo Walcott came onto the scene by scoring a hat-trick for England in a 4-1 victory over Croatia in 2010 World Cup.

②Walcott’s lightning speed and accurate shooting turned the teenager into an overnight star. Many thought he was a new dawn for the England team. He was building his fame for his fast pace, with former Barcelona manager Pep declaring that “you would need a gun to stop him.” FIFA World Player of the Year winner Lionel Messi once also described Walcott as “one of the most dangerous players I have ever played against.” In addition to his speed, Walcott also possessed good balance, movement and technique.

③It was symbolic that Walcott’s goals came from the right-wing. The position had been played by “golden boy” David Beckham for more than 10 years. No longer were the cheers for Beckham. The fans’ hopes now rested on the shoulders of Walcott.

④Walcott was born in London to a black British Jamaican father and a white English mother. He grew up as a Liverpool fan due to his father’s support of Liverpool. When Chelsea asked him to be a ball boy, he used the opportunity to meet his Liverpool idols.

⑤The teenager’s rise to fame was not completely out of blue. He was part of England’s World Cup team in 2006, but he did not get to play a match. He also spent over two years at Arsenal, where he was fast becoming a key player.

⑥But that year, few were expecting the wonderful performance between England and Croatia. The teenager was the first England player to score three goals in a game since Michael Owen did so seven years before.

⑦Although England was full of superstars, they had a poor record in major tournaments. But things were beginning to change. The win against Croatia was sweet revenge. Croatia was the team which knocked England out of Euro 2008.

⑧Walcott’s wonderful performance lighted England fans’ hope for World Cup victory in South Africa in 2010, since England had not lifted the cup since 1966.

⑨But before England fans got too carried away, our reflection on the past history told us that placing a country’s hopes on one teenager was dangerous.

56. Which of the following CANNOT account for Walcott’s increasing fame?

A. Fast speed.

B. Masterly skills. D. Unusual family.

C. Positional sense.

57. Why did the author mention David Beckham in the 3rd paragraph?

A. To show that England football once had a glorious history. B. To illustrate that Walcott could be entitled “golden boy”. C. To indicate that England fans were difficult to please. D. To imply that people had high expectation on Walcott.{2017上海一模英语作文}.

58. In the 5th paragraph, the underlined phrase “” most probably means “________”.

A. impolite

B. unexpected

C. impossible

D. unintentional

59. What is the author most likely to agree with?

A. Walcott might not live up to fans’ expectation. B. Walcott might transfer from Arsenal to Liverpool. C. Croatia might change the history of the World Cup.

D. England might be defeated by the opponent in the next round.

(B)

 Overview

Explore Stewart Island and the surrounding bays in our modern mini-buses. Our guides enjoy sharing their local knowledge of the history and environment of Stewart Island. Highlights include Lee Bay, the gateway to Rakiura National Park, beautiful Horseshoe Bay and amazing views of

 More information

    

Departure location: Oban Visitor Centre.

What to bring: Comfortable walking shoes or boots, waterproof jacket, warm sweater or fleece jacket, sunscreen or sunglasses, insect repellent and camera.

Car parking: Vehicle parking is available at Oban (extra cost—reservations recommended).

{2017上海一模英语作文}.

Wheelchair access: Available.

Children ticket: Children under ten go free for travel as long as they are accompanied by an adult.

 Reviews

“There was so much to see and learn that it was hard to take everything in. The bays we stopped at were beautiful with golden sandy beaches, the forests were overpowering and we expected dinosaurs to appear at any time, the views from lookout point were splendid and the anchor point with Bluff brought a smile. Thank you to Chris and the experienced team for such an informative tour.”

Ron P

“Any visitor to Stewart Island could do no better than take one of the guided tours from the Oban Visitor Centre—especially if you only have limited time available. We had the delightful and extremely informative Kylie conduct a small number on one of the village tours. This is a beautiful place—a few fascinating shops and restaurants, wonderful walks and warm and friendly people.”

Michael Mason

2017上海一模英语作文篇四

2017年上海各区高三一模考作文分析

2017年上海各区高三一模考作文分析:立意+素材

徐汇区

作文题目: 阅读下面的材料,自选角度,自拟题目,写一篇不少于800字的文章。

慈善借助移动互联网由“小众慈善,大众围观”快速进入到“人人慈善,慈善人人”的时代,但是人们在热情参与中不时感到与慈善“快乐又利他”的初衷存在差距,对于“互联网+慈善”的现状,人们思考与应对不尽相同。

【立意与素材运用建议】

1. 互联网众口铄金,但慈善终归是自愿行为

2016年双11前后,互联网上盛传 “小马云”范小勤被马云捐助的传闻,背后就有对马云的道德绑架,人们默认了马云就应该捐助“小马云”了。

2. 换换慈善的套路,不走“悲情慈善”的老路

2014年风靡一时的冰桶挑战,借助新媒体,寓慈善于娱乐,不再让捐助者因受助者的“悲情”产生强烈的负罪感,获得广泛参与。

3. 互联网鱼龙混杂,慈善信息需要管理甄别

2016年年末轰动一时的“罗尔事件”,让我们一方面慨叹人性的沦丧,另一方面也不得不反思互联网慈善存在的漏洞,慈善资质怎样能得到确证呢。

静安区

作文题目:

根据下列材料作文。以下是发生在我们生活中的几件事情。 李小文是中国遥感地理学家,中科院院士,在他辞世多天后,媒体才发了一条短消息,送葬的也仅仅是一些他生前的学生。

歌星姚贝娜离世前。很多媒体就开始大肆炒作,让年轻的生命消失在阵阵喧嚣中。

屠呦呦获得诺贝尔医学奖不如黄晓明的婚礼受人瞩目。

王宝强、马蓉的离婚案霸屏数周,几乎掩盖了“奥运”的光芒。

这样的事情还在继续。它一遍遍冲刷着我们的眼球,同时也拷问着我们的内心。

要求:(1)自拟题目 (2)不少于800字。 (3)不要写成诗歌。

【立意与素材运用建议】

1. 反思娱乐至死、盲目跟风的浮躁世风

民众一味关注明星八卦,对于家国大事漠不关心,把茶余饭后的娱乐看作有价值,把正经严肃的事件当作无趣,这一方面见出国人的浮躁心态,另一方面也可见出国人缺少独立的价值判断,容易盲目跟风。

2. 媒体报刊应找回良知

媒体报刊在热点引导上起着举足轻重的作用,应有自己的职业良知,不能只知迎合一部分民众的低级趣味,炒作热点,赚足眼球,那样至多是赢得短期利益,却牺牲了公信力和趣味,也没有了媒体人的社会担当。

3. 文化逐渐多元化,国人可以依据喜好选择关注的热点

在关注王宝强离婚事件的民众中,也不乏有识之士,他们不是站在娱乐八卦的立场上在旁观,而是理性地不乏同理心地分析背后的人情事理。不能把材料中的现象单纯地看成世风浮躁,其中包含着文化走向多元化的积极因素。

浦东区

作文题目: 近来,“双标”成为网络热词。顾名思义,“双标”即双重标准,现实生活中人们常常用不同的标准衡量两个(或以上)的对象,往往有意无意中成为“双标”人。对此现象你有什么看法?请写一篇文章,谈谈你的思考。

要求:(1)自拟题目 (2)不少于800字。 (3)不要写成诗歌。

【立意与素材运用】

1. 双标不可取,应一视同仁

职场中的性别歧视就是典型的“双标”。前年索尼被黑客攻击,爆出大量内部邮件,部分邮件显示《美国骗局》中,著名影星詹妮佛•劳伦斯的薪酬要远低于剧中男星。在我国,女性也会在职场上遭遇“双标“,她们会因怀孕、哺乳等生理特征或家庭角色在求职中遭遇隐形的性别歧视。

2. 适度双标,具体问题具体分析

男女厕所坑位按照1:1的比例来设置,看似是一视同仁,做到了公平,但是没有考虑到男女生理特性的不同,对坑位占用时间的差异。经常能够在公共场所看到女厕所前人满为患,男厕所前却空无一人,所以在这个问题的处理上要适当“双标”,“双标”不是“歧视”而是充分考虑到问题的复杂性。

普陀区

作文题目: 阅读下面的材料,自选角度,自拟题目,写一篇不少于800字的文章。

运用善恶或者是非之间的选择根本不是什么选择。真正的选择是两难之择。它发生于两种情境。已是不可调和的两善取其一的选择:从选择者的视角看,两个事物都是他所欲者,他两者都想要,但环境只能二者择一。而是两恶取其轻的选择:从选择者的视角看,两个事物都是他所不欲者,他一个都不想要,但环境迫使他必须二者择一。

面对“两难之择”,你又会做怎样的思考,做出怎样的决定?

【立意与素材运用】

1. 二者皆所欲,以责任为重

如果两者都是他所欲,而且欲求的程度都很深,但是环境绝不允许两全,那也只好以哪个责任更重作为选择的标准了。就像林觉民最终奔赴革命前线,不得不舍弃挚爱的妻儿一样,这种选择令人痛苦,但也是不得不为之。

2. 两权相害取其轻

如果两者都非所欲,但是环境又逼迫你必须择一,你的选择恐怕也只能是选择伤害更小的。就像那个著名的电车难题,恐怕大多数人还是会选择牺牲少数拯救多数。

长宁区、嘉定区

作文题目: 现今的中国很难出一个牛顿。第一,中国人没有闲暇功夫坐在树下。第二,苹果砸到了中国人,中国人第一选择是抱怨,凭什么砸到我头上呢,第二个选择就是吃了。” 这是央视主持人白岩松的一段话,对于他所描述的现象你怎么看?请自拟题目,写一篇不少于800字的文章(不要写成诗歌)。

【立意与素材运用】

1. 创造并珍视闲暇

德国哲学家叔本华说:智者,总是享受着自己的生命,享受着自己的闲暇时间,而那些愚不可及的人总是害怕空闲,害怕空闲带给自己的无聊,所以总是给自己找些低级趣味的游戏,给自己一点暂时的快感。智者在闲暇中自我得以舒展,思想自由驰骋,智慧得到滋养,而愚者则害怕闲暇,要不就是总想着填满它,压根儿不知道闲暇的巨大价值。

2. 思考痛苦,超越痛苦,不要一味抱怨

电影《肖申克的救赎》中男主角含冤入狱,后来成为监狱长洗黑钱的工具,被牢牢掌控无法翻案,他并没有就此消沉,而是凭借着自己精熟的财务知识,在越狱后领走了监狱长的黑钱,并告发了他的罪行,完成了人生的大逆转。人物虽然是虚构的,但是相较于放弃出狱机会或者出狱之后选择自杀的另外两位狱友,安迪至少告诉我们一个简单的道理:希望是好的,忙着活而不是忙着死,生活总在前进,不要一味抱怨。

3. 培养科学精神,不被功利遮蔽视线 鲁迅在《电的利弊》中不无沉痛地说道:“外国用罗盘针航海,中国却用它看风水”。同样是指南针,在它的诞生国,却没能有很大的用武之地,倒是墙内开花墙外香,西方人利用它完成了环球航行的壮举。鲁迅的话一方面让我们看到当时国人封建迷信思想之深,另一方面更是让我们痛觉东西方文化土壤的差异,西方人崇尚探索发现的科学精神,而东方人却留意短期实际的功利,错失了文化发展的机遇。

闵行区

作文题目:

微信,作为时下最流行的网络社交工具,因其便捷、互动等特点被人们喜爱和追捧。在朋友圈里点“赞”已经成为一种普遍的现象。“赞”本为赞美之意,但在实际应用中却被人们赋予了更多的含义,对于这种在微信中点“赞”的现象,人们看方法不尽相同,请写一篇文章,谈谈你对这种现象的思考。

要求:(1)自拟题目 (2)不少于800字。

【立意与素材运用】

1. 神通广大的“赞”

一个“赞”可以意味无穷,评论好点赞,内容有趣点赞,图片美点赞,表认同点赞,表关注点赞,表“朕知道了”点赞, 不知道表什么还是可以点赞……一个“赞”仿佛变化无穷的独孤九式,见招拆招,见人表意,在各大社交媒体上大展身手、风光无限。

2. 变了味的“赞”

“赞”有时也会变味,没了那一丝让人愉快的意味。比如“一方有难,八方点赞”,被赞者就会啼笑皆非,真是旁观者不嫌事大,这会儿正看着乐呵着呢。又比如各大商家推出的集赞活动,亲朋好友之间隔三差五找你集赞,也会不堪其扰,更有甚者,集赞的是虚假广告,并没有承诺的奖品,忙活一圈,结果是为他人做嫁衣。

3. 是鼓励,也是“轻交往”

一个小小的“赞”就是一句无声的鼓励,被点赞得多。其人往往就更有动力分享自己的生活,“赞”的成本很低,却能及时地传达一种善意和关怀,没有多少人会讨厌它。但是,也要注意“赞”毕竟是一种“轻交往”,它所传达的思想和意味都是浅薄的,想要有深入的交流和连接感,还是评论更见效。

宝山区

作文题目:

在现代国际大都市上海,人们非常讲究“品味”:用品讲究档次,用度讲究排场,形象讲究派头。

请写一篇文章,谈一谈你对这种现象的思考。

要求:(1)自拟题目 (2)不少于800字。

【立意与素材运用】

1. 物载道,人惜物

中国自古就有“物以载道”的思想,《易经》中有“形而上者谓之道,形而下者谓之器”的说法,器就是器物,它是具体的,物质的,而道是大道,它是抽象的,精神的,是一种文化追求。一件器物如果只有实用功利不能承载一定的文化内涵,它无疑是肤浅的、粗陋的。追寻我国古代的精美器物,你会发现它们往往渗透着古人对自然人生的体悟。比如玉器,它细密的质地、柔和的光泽,不仅能让你联想到含蓄、谦恭的君子品性,也会让你品味出悠悠的历史趣味,即是一种“奇妙的淡淡的浑浊色调,凝聚着好几百年的古老气氛”, 又比如宋瓷惯用的青色釉饰,就是对“水”的拟物,“水”表“清净、平等心”,世人崇尚宋瓷之美,也是时刻提醒自己修炼心性。古人与器物保持着物我融通、精神交流,见物见人见道,自然生出惜物之心,不会一味铺张浪费。现代上海人追求“品味”可以像古人学习,发现器物悦人之美,培养一颗惜物之心。

2. “面子消费”不可取

《人民日报》在前几年曾经载文《为面子消费不如为心灵消费》,文中比较了不同国家的消费观,在法国奢侈品的主力消费人群是40岁以上有经济基础的中老年人群,对于年轻人节衣缩食买奢侈品,法国人感到不可置信。在德国,人们热衷的奢侈是身体和心灵上的。相较而言,现代上海人追求的“品味”不过是面子消费,是注重排场、盲目追逐潮流的非理性的消费观的体现,并不可取。

杨浦区

作文题目: 从古到今,“物”始终是个话题。

管子曰:“君子使物,不为物使。”

苏轼言“君子可以寓意于物,而不可以留意于物。寓意于物,虽微物足以为乐,虽尤物不足以为病。留意于物,虽微物足以为病,虽尤物不足以为乐”,主要意思是,君子可以将心意寄托于物,而不可以把心意留滞于物。

请根据以上材料,自选角度,自拟题目,写一篇文章。

要求:(1)不少于800字。(2)不要写成诗歌。(3)不要透露个人相关信息。

【立意与素材运用】

1. 要善于驾驭物,不能成为物的奴隶

地铁上几乎人人都是“低头族”,更有甚者,过马路都在摆弄手机,远的有“16岁女生过马路时低头玩手机,被面包车拦腰碾过”,近的有“南京男子过马路低头玩手机,被两辆车撞上,当场身亡”,他们都是被手机奴役,结果酿成惨祸。

2.不执迷于占有,抱持审美的生活态度

苏轼在《前赤壁赋》中借主之口说 “惟江上之清风,与山间之明月,耳得之而为声,目遇之而成色,取之无禁,用之不竭。是造物者之无尽藏也,而吾与子之所共适”,正是参透了天地之间,无一物可占有,抱着体验欣赏的态度才能真正获得快乐,正是这种“放下”才带来“问汝平生功业,黄州惠州儋州”。

青浦区

作文题目: 复旦大学严峰教授曾将说过这样一段话:设想朱自清活在21世纪,有一天晚上忽然想起家边荷塘,悄悄地披了大衫,带上门出去,看到月光淡淡的,拿出手机,咔嚓一下拍照,再发到朋友圈或者微博,写了句“今晚的荷塘很美”,然后就没有了,文字没有了,《荷塘月色》没有了,散文没有了。

看了这则材料引发了你怎样的思考?请自选一个角度写一篇不少于800字的文章,题目自拟。

【立意与素材运用】

1. 图片推进文字表达的深化

2017上海一模英语作文篇五

上海市宝山区2017中考一模英语试题

2017宝山区中考一模英语试卷

(满分150分,考试时间100分钟)

(本卷有七大题,试题均采用连续编号。所有答案务必按照规定在答题纸上完成,做在试卷上不给分。)

Part 1 Listening(第一部分 听力)

I. Listening Comprehension (听力理解) (共30分)

A. Listen and choose the right picture(根据你听到的内容,选出相应的图片) (6分)

1.

B. Listen to the dialogue and choose the best answer to the question you hear ((根据你所听到的对话和问题,选择最恰当的答案)(8分)

7. A) His parents. B) His cousin. C) His friends. D) His teacher.

8. A) At the restaurant. B) At home. C) At the bus stop. D) At school.

9. A) By taxi. B) By car. C) By underground. D) By bus.

10. A) Amazing. B) Boring. C) Exciting. D) Lovely.

11. A) Italy. B) Australia. C) America. D) Japan.

12. A) French fries. B) Cookies. C) Oranges. D) Bread.

13. A) At a quarter past eight. B) At ten to eight.

C) At twenty-five past eight. D) At half past eight.

14. A) The railway station. B) A friend. C) A film. D) The cinema.

C. Listen to the passage and tell whether the following statements are true or false(判断下列句子是否符合你听到的短文内容符合的用“T”表示, 不符合的用“F”表示)(6分)

15. When an earthquake happens, you should shout at others and tell people around to leave.

16. When you are walking in the street, you should move away from buildings and street lamps.

17. When you are shopping in a supermarket, you should go to the exit at once.

18. You'd better hide under a desk or a table if you are indoors.

19. If you smell gas, you should open a window and leave the room by elevator quickly.

20. You should click rocks and shout loudly for help when you are buried in debris(废墟).

D. Listen to the passage and fill in the blanks(听短文填空,完成下列句子。每空格限填一词)(10分)

21 .The ________ ________ involves catching, preparing and selling fish.

22. Nowadays each person in the world can have ________ ________of fish a year.

23. Some countries search for and catch fish by making ________ ________ of advanced methods.

24. Such ships can carry ________ ________ workers who clean and package the fish as won as they are caught.

25. Scientists throughout the world are trying to ________ ________ on the population of fish in different parts of the world.

Part 2 Phonetics, Grammar and Vocabulary (第二部分 语音、语法和词汇) II. Choose the best answer(选择最恰当的答案)(共20分) correct for the underlined word in the sentence?

A) /prɪ'vent/ B) /pre'vent/ C) /prə 'vent/ D)/pr ɪ'vənt/

27. Which of the following underlined parts is different in pronunciation with others? 21. ________ man with black glasses is my host father in Britain.

A)An B)A C)The D)/

29. My grandfather makes a living by raising ________ to produce wool.

A) sheep B) sheeps C) many sheeps D) much sheep

30. Susan spends ________ money on fashion clothes every month.

A) many B) a large number of C) quite a few D) huge amounts of

31. Hey, boy! Would you like to show me your ________ hand?

A) the others B) the other C) other D) another

32. ________ of the students of Grade ________ are girls who like singing.

A) Three-fifths ... Nine B) Three-fifth ... Ninth

C) Three-fifths ...Ninth D) Three-fifth ... Nine

33. Bill is reading ________ composition. It was written all by his deskmate.

A) a 800-wocds B) an 800-words C) an 800-word D) a 800-word

34. Is everything on the moon ________it is on the earth?

A) so light as B) as light as C) as lighter as D) so lighter as

35. His new car cost far ________ than his old one.

A) more B) much C) most D) many

36. He replied, with a big smile. "Oh, you ________ to worry about them."

A) need B) needn't C) not need D) don't need

37. Tom's pet dog ________ for five days.

A) died B) has been dead C) has died D) was died

38. Lots of doctors and nurses ________ to the earthquake areas after the earthquake happened.

A) were sent B) sent C) are sent D) had sent

39. Bob is not good at sports, so his parents often make him ________ lots of exercises.

A) do B) to do C) doing D) did

40. Susan said she didn't mind ________ for an hour to get a seat in her favourite restaurant.

A) to wait B) waiting C) waited D) would wait

41. ________ awful weather we are having! It's raining again.

A) What B) What an C) How D) What a

42. Could you please tell me ________ ?

A) where can I find the nearest shopping mall B) where is the nearest shopping mall

C) where I can find the nearest shopping mall D) how can I get to the nearest shopping mall A) Betty's father is very busy when it is raining.

B) Betty's father is not busy when it is raining.

C) Betty's father is free except when it is mining.

D) Betty's father is free when it isn't mining.

44. A: Your new car is very nice!

B: ________

A) Much better than yours. B) Yes, of course it's very good.

C) It's very kind of you to say so. D) No, you are totally wrong.

45. Which river flows across London? ________ .

A) Mississippi B) Seine C) Thames D) Rhein

III. Complete the following passage with the words or phrases in the box. Each one can only be used once. (将下列单词或词组填入空格。 每空格限填一词,每词或词组只能填一次)(共8分)

A. provides B. sales C. especially D. quickly E. style

Smart phones have clearly changed our life. Now many things can be done on the phone. For many smart phone users, young people, scanning QR Codes (二维码) has become a new and convenient life these days. In fact, the QR Code was created in Japan in 1994, but until 11 years later, it was first used in China. It soon became popular around the country. The QR Code is much-loved because it a way to get to website more quickly. By scanning QR Codes, people can do lots of things, such as adding new friends, getting information, downloading Apps, shopping and so on. As for the shopping websites, there are usually more , including coupons (优惠券) for the phone users. The QR code is so common that people can scan them everywhere.{2017上海一模英语作文}.

A. hearing B. hit C. shaking D. frightening E. specially

Fireworks are always an important part of celebrations. We all enjoy watching bright firework shows in the sky. However, in an Italian town called Collecchio, the local government has made a law: fireworks in their town must be silent. The law is made for animals. Fireworks are beautiful, but their sound is too much for animals. Every time we set off fireworks to celebrate a holiday, our animals do not want to be anywhere near them. Animals' is very sensitive. They have no idea what fireworks are and are afraid of them. Dogs even hurt themselves while trying to hide from the loud noise. Many of them run out and get by cars. What's more, the noise and smoke of fireworks are unhealthy for animals. Some animals keep in fear and even get heart problems. To show love and respect for the animals, the town of Collecchio passed the firework law in 2015. With the help of a firework company, people in the town are now able to watch a silent but wonderful firework show with their pets.

IV. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms (用括号中所给单词的适当方式完成下列句子)(共8分)

54. The ________ boy from the left in the picture was Martin. (six)

55. Don't always rely on our parents. We are old enough to take care of ________ . (we)

56. We should try our best to ________ water in our daily life. (safe)

57. The earthquake was so disastrous that thousands of people were left ________ . (home)

58. Granny's health is improving ________ with Tim's great care. (quick)

59. It's hard to say what caused the accident, but the police think the driver fell ________(sleep)

60. The children shouted with ________ when they won the prize. (excited)

61. They will ________ the houses destroyed by the floods. (build )

V. Rewrite tile following sentences as required (根据所给要求, 改写下列句子。 62-67题, 每空格限填一词。 68题注意句首大写)(共14分)

62. I paid a lot of money for that car. (改为否定句)

I ________ ________ much money for that car. (对划线部分提问)

________ ________has he lived in London?

64. John is rarely late for school. (改为反义疑问句)

John is rarely late for school, ________ ________?

65. We have done many things to protect our environment. (改为被动语态)

Many things have ________ ________to protect our environment.

66. Susan didn't go to school yesterday. She stayed in hospital. (合并为一句)

Susan stayed in hospital ________ of ________ to school yesterday.

67. The factory decided to increase production to meet the needs of more customers.(保持原句意思)

The factory decided to increase production to ________ the ________ of more customers.

68. has ,owning a car ,it, both advantages and disadvantages, seems (连词成句)

________________________________________________________________________.

Part 3 Reading and Writing (第三部分 读与写)

VI. Reading Comprehension (阅读理解)(共50分)

A. Choose the best answer (根据短文内容, 选择最恰当的答案)(共12分)

Practice doesn't always make perfect when it comes to becoming the next Mozart, a new (基因),the researchers said. Samuel Osmond is a 19-year-old law student from Cornwall, England. He never studied the piano. However, he can play very difficult musical pieces by musicians such as Chopin and Beethoven just a few minutes after he hears them. He learns a piece of music by listening to it in parts. Then he thinks about the notes(音符) in his head. Two years ago, he played his first piece Moonlight Sonata (奏鸣曲) by Beethoven. He surprised everyone around him.

Amazed that he remembered this long and difficult piece of music and played it perfectly, his teachers say Samuel is unbelievable. They say his ability is very rare, but Samuel doesn't even realize that what he can do is special. Samuel wanted to become a lawyer as it was the wish of his parents, but music teachers told him he should study music instead. Now, he studies law and music.

Samuel can't understand why everyone is so surprised. "I grew up with music. My mother played the piano and my father played the guitar. About two years ago. I suddenly decided to start playing the piano, without being able to read music and without having any lessons. It comes easily to me--I hear the notes and can bear them in mind--each and every note. "says Samuel. Recently. Samuel performed a piece during a special event at his college. The piece had more than a thousand notes. The audience was impressed by his amazing performance. He is now learning a piece that is so difficult that many professional pianists can't play it. Samuel says confidently, "It's all about super memory--I guess I have that gift."

However. Samuel's ability to remember things doesn't stop with music. His family says that even when he was a young boy. Samuel heard someone read a story, and then he could retell the story word for word. Samuel is still only a teenager. He doesn't know what he wants to do in the future. For now, he is just happy to play beautiful music and continue his studies.

69. Samuel Osmond's parents

A) knew a little about music B) taught him much about music

C) had much knowledge about law D) knew much about music and are quite good at it{2017上海一模英语作文}.

70. Samuel Osmond A) practiced playing the piano once in a while

B) was unable to read music and didn't have any music lessons at all

C) used to attend concerts very often

D) enjoyed listening to the music records

71. What is special about Samuel Osmond?

A) He has a gift for writing music.

B) He can write down the note he hears.

C) He is a top student at the law school.

D) He can play the musical piece be hears.

72. Everyone around Samuel was surprised because he

A) received a good early education in music

B) played the guitar and the piano perfectly

2017上海一模英语作文篇六

最新2017-2018年上海市初三英语一模卷附答案

第一学期初三质量调研

英 语 试 卷(满分150分,完卷时间100分钟)

考生注意:本卷有7大题,共94小题。试题均采用连续编号,所有答案务必按照规定在答题卡上完成,做在试卷上不给分。

Part 1 Listening(第一部分 听力)

I. Listening comprehension (听力理解) (共30 分)

A. Listen and choose the right picture (根据你听到的内容,选出相应的图片) (6 分

)

1. __________ 2. __________ 3. __________ 4. __________ 5. __________

B. Listen to the dialogue and choose the best answer to the question you hear (根据你听到的对话和问题,选出最恰当的答案):(8分)

7. A. On Saturday B. On Tuesday C. On Thursday D. On Friday

8. A. He has a stomachache. B. He has a cold.

C. He has to stay at home. D. His is too tired.

9. A. How to read a poem. B. How to teach Chinese.

C. How to write a love story D. How to speak English.

10. A. The salad. B. The juice. C. The steak. D. The dessert.{2017上海一模英语作文}.

11. A. By underground B. By bus. C. By taxi. D. By car.

12. A. At a hotel. B. At a restaurant. C. At a bookshop. D. At a cinema.

13. A. Sing on a smaller stage. B. Wait and see what will happen.

C. Take the chance and try. D. Practise singing more.

14. A. How to organize a running race. B. What kind of books they can sell.

C. Why people like running these days. D. How they can help homeless dogs.

C. Listen to the passage and tell whether the following statements are true or false (判断 下列句子是否符合你听到的内容, 符合的用“T”表示,不符合的用“F”表示) (7分)

15. Wesley Autrey was waiting for his daughters when the accident happened.

16. A young man fell onto the rails() because the platform was too crowded.

17. Autrey jumped down the platform and wanted to help the man out of danger.

18. While the trains were passing, the two men were lying between the rails.

19. At last the workers stopped the trains by turning on the stop-lights.

20. Autrey decided to save the life of a stranger because he felt it was right.

D. Listen to the passage and complete the following sentences(听短文,完成下列内容。每空格限填一词)(7分){2017上海一模英语作文}.

Part 2 Phonetics, Grammar and Vocabulary

(第二部分 语音、语法和词汇)

II. Choose the best answer(选择最恰当的答案) 20分

26. Which of the following underlined parts is different in pronunciation from others?

27. In order to keep fit ,Simon goes for_____swim after work every day.

A./ B.a C.an D.the

28. _____ the toy attracted many people’s attention, it didn’t have many buyers.

A.If B.Though C.As D.Because

29. Stephen learned skating _____several months when he lived in German.

A.on B.in C.at D.for

30. At last I saw the wild lions and elephants in Africa with_____own eyes!

A.I B.me C.my D.mine

31. All the seats in the library are empty now. You may take _____of them.

A.either B.neither C.any D.both

32. The parents haven’t heard _____their kid in Europe for a long time.

A.at B.to C.with D.from

33. The brave fire fighters saved the people in the building one after _____.

A.another B.the other C.others D.the others

34. Jane’s twin brothers are making much _____progress this term than last term.

A.great B.greater C.greatest D.the greatest

35. The search for the missing old man continued______he was found.

A.until B.while C.after D.since

36. We saw a huge rainbow on our way home._____, I had my camera with me.

A.Luck B.Lucky C.Luckier D.Luckily

37. Look! Someone _____up the hall already and we can just relax!

A.cleans B.will clean C.cleaned D.has cleaned

38. Mr,Drake called 5 minutes ago. He’d like your nephew _____his fence.

A.fix B.fixes C.to fix D.fixed

39. Yesterday the funny short play made every audience in the theater_____.

A.laugh B.to laugh C.would laugh D.laughed

40. When he retired at 65,he_____painting in over 20 cities in Europe and Asia.

A.teaches B.has taught C.had taught D.would teach

41. Don’t worry!Our boss is coming and_____you there in five minutes.

A.will meet B.meet C.met D.has met

42. --_____did the winner of the bicycle race ride?

--At the speed of 40km/h.

A.How long B.How fast C.How much D.How far

43. Dustin has been warned that he _____lose at least 10 pounds if he wants to stay healthy.

A.may B.can C.would D.should

44. --It’s so kind of you to hold the door for me.

--_____.

A.Thank you B.I’m afraid not C.My pleasure D.That’s right

45. --Would you mind if I put my umbrella here,too?

--_____.There’s enough space.

A.Of course B.Not at all C.Take care D.You’re welcome

III. Complete the following passage with the words or phrases in the box. Each can only be used once(将下列单词或词组填入空格。每空限填一词,每词只能填一次)(共8分)

Look at the people around you in class. Think back to

what they ___46____ said, and study it. Did the boys use

words and sentences different from those the girls used? Did

the boy seem

more ___47____ than the girls did? Some

people would probably answer yes to both questions. They

believe that males and females have different ways of

speaking. They also think that the differences can make it

hard for boys and girls to understand one another. To check

these ideas, language scientists have worked to ___48_____

the ways that males and females speak. After studying many

__49_____, some scientists say they hear some differences.

One difference is about the topic. Some language

scientists believe that boys talk most often about things,

while girls talk most about feelings. For example, boys

might ___50____ about cars, sports, and games. Girls,

___51____, might talk about what is happening in their

friends’ lives. They want to make people feel ___52____

and comfortable. Language scientist Deborah Tannen draw a

___53____ , “Boys learn to use talking as a way to get and

keep attention. From childhood, girls don’t get along with

those who try to perform better than others.”

IV. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms(用括号中所给单词的适当形式完成下列句子。每空格限填一词)(共8分)

54. David plans to travel around the world with his family in his _____________. (sixty)

55. I usually ask _____________ some questions before I make a big decision. (I)

56. We all know that Detective Ken is good at dealing with such _______. (case) 57. Our success in the local market _____________ depends on your support. (main)

58. The students learnt to cook some _____________ English dishes in the host family. (tradition)

59. Looking at your phone in the darkness will do _____________ to your eyes. (harmful)

60. I got interested in _____________ because of a movie about science. (physical)

61. The bicycle-sharing system may help reduce air _____________ in big cities. (pollute)

V. Complete the following sentences as required. (根据所给要求完成句子。62-67小题每空格限填一词)(共14分)

62. Linda’s laptop often goes wrong when she’s doing something important.(改为一般疑问句) _____________ Linda’s laptop often _____________ wrong when she’s doing something important?

对划线部分提问)

_____________ _____________ was the sea wave in the storm?

64. It’s so pleasant to visit an old friend from time to time. (改为感叹句)

_____________ _____________ it is to visit an old friend from time to time!

65. Martin doesn’t play for the school football team any longer. (保持句意不变)

Martin is _____________ _____________ a member of the school football team.

66. The fisherman tied a piece of grass around the bird’s neck. (改为被动语态)

A piece of grass _____________ _____________ around the bird’s neck.

67. “Do you take your pet to work every day?” the reporter asked the actress. (改为宾语从句) The reporter wondered _____________ the actress _____________ her pet to work every day.

68. doing, Jim, interesting, in, experiments, cares for, the chemistry lab (连词成句)

_____________________________________________________________________________

  • 2017上海英语一模作文
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