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seve舞蹈主持串词篇一

马街完小文艺汇演主持词

马街完小2017庆元旦文艺汇演主持词

开场:

男合:尊敬的老师!

女合:亲爱的同学们!

合:大家好!

:今年是特殊的一年,今年是值得留恋的一年。 :因为,再过几个月,我们六年的小学生活就结束了。 :难忘的小学时代即将离去。

:充满期望的中学时代正向我们走来。

:六年的时光转眼即逝,二万六千二百八十多个日夜仿佛就在昨天。

:今天,请允许我们向马街完小全体师生拜最后一个早年。 合:祝大家新年快乐,工作顺利,阖家幸福,心相事成,万事如意!

:新年的钟声即将敲响,时光的车轮留下了小学里最后一道深深的印痕。

:伴随着冬日里温暖的阳光,2017年元旦如约而至。 :回首刚刚过去的2016,我们十分荣耀。

:回首即将结束的六年生活,我们万分感激。 :小学六年,我们从不懂事的童年走向成熟的少年。 合:这一切的一切,都离不开我们全体师生的努力。 :今天,我们相聚在这里,享受缘分带给我们的欢乐,享受这段美好时光。

:今天,我们相聚在这里,一起用心来感受真情,用爱来融化冰雪。

:今天,我们相聚在这里,敞开你的心扉,释放你的激情。 乙:今天,我们相聚在这里,这里将成为欢乐的海洋,让快乐响彻云霄。

:带着祝愿,带着嘱托,埋藏已久的期盼,化做你我的喜悦。

:在诗与画流动的佳节里,我们一起来庆贺快乐的节日。

合:马街完小“ 相约2017年,共迎我校美好明天”元旦联欢会现在开始。

一舞蹈《开门红》

:我们的童年是梦幻的,我们的童年是七彩的,我们金色的童年充满着欢笑,请欣赏由一年级同学带来的舞蹈《开门红》。 二舞蹈《最炫民族风》

:你是我天边最美的云彩,让我用心把你留下来,相信很多人对这首《最炫民族风》耳熟能详,接下来就让我们来到苍茫的天涯边,领略最摇摆的节奏吧,由请六(5)班同学带来舞蹈《最炫民族风》。

三舞蹈《恭喜恭喜》

:一张张笑脸透露着喜庆,一声声话语传递着祝福。新年、新事、新开始、新起点,定有新收获,祝大家事事如意,岁岁平安!愿一切美好的事物都与你同在!请欣赏三年级全体小朋友为大家带来的《恭喜恭喜》。

四舞蹈《魔法城堡》

:当你的手拉着我的手,团结的力量彼此感受,有方向,有希望,我们牵着手一起长大,去放飞理想,放声歌唱,下面请欣赏五一班同学为大家带来的舞蹈《魔法城堡》。

五《环保时装秀》

:这里没有宽广的T型舞台,但能够带给你前所未有的惊喜;这里没有专业模特,但能带给你另一番高超表演水准;这里没有华丽的服饰,但足以触动你的每一根视觉神经,下面请欣赏六二班同学为我们呈现的《环保时装秀》。

六舞蹈《小苹果》

:曾经有三个苹果改变了世界。第一个是夏娃的苹果,它赋予人类智慧;第二个是牛顿的苹果,他把人类的科技文明提升到新的高度;第三个苹果是乔布斯的苹果,他颠覆了现代人的生活方式。如今,二年级全班的小朋友们为了表达对家长教师的爱,在全体师生面前送上他们的《小苹果》。

七小品《数学课上》

:尚待老师,就是尚待你的成长,尊重老师,就是尊重你的未来,接下来请欣赏五三班同学为我们带来的小品《数学课上》。 八舞蹈《七月火把节》

:古老的亲情骑上驰骋的骏马,古老的音乐点燃七月的梦想,古老的彝族风情染红了七月的火把节,点燃喜庆的火把,分享胜利的欢悦。火把节,七月的火把节,把清纯的友情,质朴的亲情,幸福的生活一起照亮。来吧,让我们一起感受这把火的激情,请欣赏六一班带来的民族舞蹈《七月火把节》。

九舞蹈《大家一起来》

:此时,我们相聚在这里,享受快乐,分享幸福。此刻,我们相聚在这里,展望未来,豪情满怀,让我们跳起来,踏着动感的旋律,放飞年轻的梦想。不要再徘徊,不要再等待,因为美好的前程,一定会到来。请欣赏六四班带来的舞蹈《大家一起来》。 十合唱《幸福拍手歌》

:嗨,幸福,是人们一直追寻的;幸福是人们向往的;幸福,就是我们生活在学校这个大家庭中,开心快乐!让我们一起来听一听一年级的合唱《幸福拍手歌》。

十一小品《留守儿童》

:有这样一群孩子,他们在嗷嗷待哺时,父母就远离家乡,到城里谋生糊口。当别的孩子都在享受花样年华的时候,他们被留在家中,孤独的想荒草一样生长。人们给这群孩子起了一个名字:留守儿童。请欣赏六三班为我们带来的小品《留守儿童》。 十二舞蹈《不想长大》

:童年如一幅画,在近看的时候它无色,在远看的时候,它似彩;童年如一首歌,听一遍的时候它无趣,回过头来的时候它动听;

请欣赏五三班同学带来的舞蹈《不想长大》。

十三歌曲《父亲》

:父亲是一座山,为我们遮风挡雨;父亲是一座沉默的桥,为我们撑起一个幸福的家,请欣赏五一班歌曲《父亲》。 十四舞蹈《彩虹的微笑》

:心情不好的时候听首歌吧,不论再大的悲伤都会被音调 所埋没,就像是天空飞满了彩色的气泡,原本的单调瞬间变得五彩缤纷,深呼吸,笑一笑没什么大不了,雨下在大又怎样,我们终会看到《彩虹的微笑》,请欣赏五二班舞蹈《彩虹的微笑》。

十五小品《反义词》

:相信大家都知道反义词是什么,现在让我们一起来看看下面这个班是怎么练习反义词的。请欣赏六四班带来的小品《反义词》。

十六舞蹈《倍儿爽》

:在这欢快激情的时刻,让小朋友么尽情唱吧、跳吧、动起来吧,请欣赏二年级的小朋友带来的舞蹈《倍儿爽》。

十七《SEVE》

:鬼步舞又称墨尔本曳步舞,起源于澳大利亚墨尔本一些地下舞场。属于一种力量型舞蹈。这是一种拖着脚走的舞蹈,动作快速有力,音乐强悍有震撼力,舞蹈充满动感活力,极具现场渲染力,请欣赏由四年级带来的鬼步舞。

十八手语舞蹈《游子吟》

:小屋内,油灯下,年迈体弱的老母亲,一针一线缝衣裳,爱子之情难表,千针万线最动情。儿行千里母担忧,远行游子惦老娘。母亲恩情似春晖,寸草何以报母恩?母爱是人间最伟大的情

感,拨动了每个孩子的心弦,让我们在爱的阳光下,聆听爱的呼唤,请欣赏六一班带来的手语舞蹈《游子吟》。

十九舞蹈《最炫民族风》

:中华文化源远流长,中华儿女自强奋进,正所谓最美中国情,最炫民族风,下面请欣赏六二班舞蹈《最炫民族风》。 二十舞蹈《踩踩踩》

:活泼可爱的少年儿童,用轻盈的步伐踩出童年的足迹。跳跃的音符,演奏者青春的活力;动感的舞姿,展示这青春的魅力。请欣赏三年级小朋友为大家带来的舞蹈《踩踩踩》。

二十一舞蹈《感到幸福你就拍拍手》

:平凡的生活里总流露出一点一滴的小幸福,然而大家是怎样表达自己身处在幸福中的感受呢?有的人欢乐大叫,有的人与他人分享,但最简单的拍手才是最能表达自己的幸福。下面有请六三班的同学为我们带来舞蹈《感到 幸福你就拍拍手》。

二十二手语《三的歌》

: 聆听歌曲,净化心灵,体温温馨,下面请欣赏五二班手语舞《三德歌》。

二十三舞蹈《舞动青春》

:青春是炎炎夏日的骄阳,青春是激情四射的海洋,当青春与我们相遇时,便迸发出了激情的火花,下面就让我们跟着音乐一起摇摆,请欣赏六五班带来的舞蹈《舞动青春》。

二十四歌曲《厚德载物》

:孝顺父母、尊重老师、知恩图报使我们中华美德,请欣赏四年级带来的《厚德载物》。

结束语:

:欢乐的日子总是很短暂。 :虽然我们无法阻拦时间的流逝,但是我们可以主宰自己的心情 。

seve舞蹈主持串词篇二

2017中国劳动关系学院法学院新年晚会主持稿

2016-2017法学院“约法三十载”新年晚会主持人主持终稿

(A:蒋啸磊B:郭诗蕊C:黄弘毅D:何文博)

【开场舞】

(很随意的走上来)

A:哎学姐,马上都要过年了,每次啊都是只有在这个时候,这个舞台上才能见到你。

B:那可不,你也不在微信上多跟我聊聊天,每次都只会发表情包。 D:哎你们看刚才那个舞蹈了么,摩登与街舞的完美结合,跳得真不错! A:这有什么,这个我也会。(准备要跳被黄弘毅拦着)

C:哎哥行了行了,这个下去再跳,先言归正传,把晚会给主持好。欢迎大家来到中国劳动关系学院法学院“约法三十载”新年晚会的现场,首先先来自我介绍一下,我是今天晚上的主持人黄弘毅,站在我旁边这位的„„

(互相介绍扯犊子)

A:下面请允许我向大家隆重介绍今天到场的来宾。他们是:法学院院长姜颖教授、行政副院长、党支部田程书记、副院长杨欣教授、副院长沈建峰副教授、教务副主任孙德强教授、党日红教授、赵洪石副教授、孙晓副教授、张冬梅副教授、肖竹副教授、王守俊副教授、张丽云副教授、李文沛副教授、李文涛副教授、宋艳慧副教授、高维佳老师、高战胜老师、尚春霞老师、郭辉老师、李娜老师、团总支部书记刘志松辅导员、巴雅丽格辅导员、教学秘书葛日福老师,让我们以最热烈的掌声感谢他们的到来。

B:接下来,有请姜颖院长为我们带来新年致辞,掌声欢迎。

(姜颖致辞)

A:感谢姜颖院长的致辞。

B:三十年,一路风雨兼程的跋涉;

C:三十年,一首催人奋进的诗篇;

D:三十年,一曲荡气回肠的歌谣;

A:三十年,一幅震撼人心的画卷。

B:三十年的风雨我们共同走过,有多少感动,有多少荣光,有多少梦想,有多少辉煌,都铭记在每一个法学人的心里,也印在法学院发展的里程碑里。

C:三十年的荣耀我们一起分享,这荣耀属于关心支持法学院发展的各级领导,这荣耀属于为法学院默默耕耘无私奉献的园丁,这荣耀属于从这里走出的所有法学学子。

D:今天,就让我们在节日的欢歌里,用熟悉的旋律表达对学校的热爱。 A:今天,就让我们在欢腾的舞姿中,用飞扬的青春献上最深情的祝福。 合:祝福您,法学院;祝福您,我们的法学院!

B:下面我宣布,2017年中国劳动关系学院法学院新年晚会

合:正式开始

C:说起印度,很多人的脑海里会立即浮现出华贵的面纱、美丽的少女、宽阔的恒河。而印度的歌舞也堪称世界闻名,那些妖娆动人的舞姿、炫丽闪耀的服装,还有悠扬迂回的音乐,营造出一种浓郁的南亚情调。就让我们跟随着接下来的这个舞蹈,与姑娘们一起走进神秘的国度。请欣赏由刘赟等同学带来的舞蹈——《曼妙妖娆》

【《曼妙妖娆》】

C:喜欢夏夜在校园中的路灯下慢行,看着被灯光拉长的身影

D:喜欢在蝉鸣声中静静回忆,回忆曾经的自己,回忆校园中的点点滴滴 C:梦中脑海里萦绕的是中劳的绿树翠影

D:眼前光影中映照的是校园的灯火摇曳

C:用纯色的影像表达纯粹的不舍与赞美

D:用纯色的影像传递我们对中劳你的思念

(幕布后伸头出来)

C:哎哎哎,说完了么

D:说完了呀

C:那还不赶快下去,让学习部的同学们给咱们露一手?

D:走走走。

【遇见中劳】

(切蛋糕)

C:来来来吃蛋糕啦吃蛋糕啦

D:哎哎哎就想着吃蛋糕,我问你,这蛋糕是不是也应该有咱们从北京远道而来的大三学长学姐们一份儿呀?

C:学长学姐想吃蛋糕是不是要表演个节目啊

D:对对对,那就让咱们大三的学长学姐们露一手吧!

【红日】

D:学长,我来形容一种艺术,你来猜好吗?

A:行,你说。

D:有这样一种艺术,没有对白台词,在幽旷婉转的背景音乐中,凭借一双手就可以变幻出各种表情,文字,图标,图案及世间百相

A:我知道,它的呈现呀还需要特殊的灯光效果,演员们通过手的组合和形体相辉映的方式来抒发感情

D:学长所言极是,我说的就是手影舞,今天我们法学院多才多艺的同学们也为我们带来了手影舞《绿光》

【手影舞绿光】

A:哎,何文博,你知道咱们法学院第一男神和女神都是谁吗?

D:这可不好说,咱们法学院哪个男老师不是一表人材、女老师不是智慧端庄呀? A:那你知道法学院第一嗓是谁么?

D:这也不好说呀,刘志松老师和格格老师那也是不分伯仲。

A:在大学生活里,辅导员是教会同学们欣赏大学美好风景的引路人,更是大家最亲近的朋友。

D:下面就有请我们亲爱的刘志松老师和巴雅利格老师为我们带来歌曲——《我的未来不是梦》

【导员唱歌】

C:咱们中华民族啊,起初为了生存,以武力狩猎,后来就逐渐发展演变成了武

术艺术;又在生活中为了记事与交流而创造了文字,发展了书法艺术。

B:哎?那不正印证了艺术来源于生活吗。有人说,武术是有形的诗篇,书法是无形的舞动。有形与无形相伴,武术与书法并行,相信一定是个极妙的组合。 C:下面请欣赏韩怡等同学为我们带来的表演《字里舞乾坤》,一同感受国粹风韵。

【字里舞乾坤】{seve舞蹈主持串词}.

B:“风吹雨成花,时间追不上白马。”记得那一年,《时间煮雨》的歌词被我认真地抄在笔记本上,现在仍然珍藏。

C:时间流逝是残酷的,就像被蒸发的雨水一样,不可返回。但时间也为我们带来了青春,美好而又温暖。

B:时间它走的很慢,青春它依旧还在。

C:下面请欣赏由钟青辰、周骏、赵璇等同学为我们带来的表演——《煮雨青春》 B:掌声欢迎!

【煮雨青春】

A:2016是一个特别的年份,我们感受了里约奥运的狂欢,也见证了G20来到我们的西湖之畔。还有英国退欧,美国大选,很多很多。

B:除了你说的这些呢,更重要的是,我们送走了法学系,引来了崭新的法学院。不仅如此,今年还在中国劳动关系学院隆重举办了劳动法峰会,展现了我们法学院的特色;12月4号宪法日的模拟仲裁庭劳动争议现场也让我们收获了许多。 A:是啊,回首法学院建院的30年,留下了很多美好的记忆,值得我们铭记在心里,永远

合:不说再见。

B:下面请欣赏由陈佩等同学为我们带来的表演《不说再见》

【不说再见】

B:青春的节奏除了悦动的鼓点,还可以用另一种形式来击响。比如——杯子。那迅捷的动作是属于年轻的活力,那铿锵的击声是对未来的自信。转动,交换,击掌之间,传递的是我们对青春的歌颂。杯子已经就位,他们已经就座。下面请

欣赏表演《cup and seve》

【cup and seve】

B:年轻的感情就像朵朵漂浮的棉花糖,纯净、甜蜜、充满了美好的幻想。也许是幻想着在音乐会的烟火中,人潮把你推向了我;也许是幻想着一起郊游,我有你大大的勇敢,你有我小小的关怀。向昨天挥手,为今天加油,让我们小手拉大手。下面请欣赏高翔宇、江梓琪、刘赟带来歌曲——《小手拉大手》

【小手拉大手】

D:经过大学一年的洗礼,法学院的学长学姐们在专业学习上也是颇有建树.他们求知如饥似渴,他们手中翻过一页页讲义;他们钻研兢兢业业,他们克服一道道难关

B:他们的努力、他们的精神和他们的成绩是我们法学学子的骄傲。因此学院特颁发奖学金以资鼓励。这既是对他们的充分肯定,更是对他们未来的鼓舞。 B:接下来有请XX老师为我院2015级三好学生颁奖,他们是石婉玉、钟青辰、王若男、冯延有、晏宇辰、付博杨、滕泉、黄子如、周杰、伍军、李文雅、孟凯乐。

D:有请XX老师为他们颁奖。下面要颁发的是优秀班干部奖项,有请张天成、陈津北、蒋啸磊、欧阳正航。

B:有请XX老师为他们颁奖。接下来颁发的是学院三等奖,有请徐佳、王博、郭诗蕊、陈津北、郭晋毓、马茹静、钱婷婷、张天成、蔡东芳、方颖、孙博文、覃振模。

D:接着让我们欢迎学院二等奖的获得者,他们是欧阳正航、晏宇辰、付博杨、陈子旻、王凯、王娜,有请XX老师为他们颁奖。

B:下面要颁发的是学院一等奖,有请获奖者王若男、伍军上台领奖,同时有请XX老师为他们颁奖。

D:接着让我们有请中华全国总工会奖学金的获得者黄子如、钟青辰、蒋啸磊、周杰、杨萍萍,有请XX老师为他们颁奖。

B:下面要颁发的是国家励志奖学金,有请李文雅、孟凯乐、周骏、冯延有上台

seve舞蹈主持串词篇三

词义的正反、反正表达法(练习7)7

词义的正反、反正表达法 练习7

一、 试译下列各句:

(一) 用反面表达法处理下列各句中的斜体动词:

1. The ache that had persisted in his chest had turned to severe pain.

2. “If we lose our lives, then you’ll lose yours!” she said with a laugh.

3. If he had kept his temper, the negotiation would probably have been a success.

4. I have failed to convince him of his error.

5. The two teams tied.

(二) 用反面表达法处理下列各句中的斜体形容词:

1. She said simply, “They are all bad.”

2. Appearances are deceptive.

3. The teacher found some of the pupils absent.

4. Her face had a strange, lost look.

5. I’m terribly sorry to have given you such a lot of troubles.

(三) 用反面表达法处理下列各句中的斜体前置词:

1. But that’s very extraordinary. I seems against nature.

2. Never mind, we can manage without help.

3. His answer is beside the mark. (四)用反面表达法处理下列各句中的斜体名词:

1. Her abstraction was not because of the tea party.

2. He did not want to hurt her, but an itch to dominate pushed him on to say…

3. She was politely acquiescent in what was evidently Greek to her.

4. Silence reigned all over for a while.

(五) 用反面表达法处理下列各句中的斜体副词:

1. He said idly, “Well, what does it matter?”

2. They resumed their seats moodily.

3. She always seemed too busy in the house.

4. Slowly he pulled the letter out of the envelop, and unfolded it.

(六)用反面表达法处理下列各句中的斜体连接词:

1. The stranger had already gone before he hurried to the hotel.

2. She couldn’t sit still till her native country was free.

3. They would rather have the blue one than the green one.

4. You will fail unless you work harder.

(七) 用反面的表达法处理下列各句中的斜体短语:

1. “We should abstain from any exaggerations and void phrase-making,” said he.

2. His explanation is far from being satisfactory.

3. You should seize the opportune moment to put in a good word for me.

4. The news of the assassination of President Lincoln spread like wildfire.

5. The pioneers made light of difficulties and dangers.

6. Miss Fairlie kept ot her room all day.

(八) 用反面表达法处理下列各斜体从句或句子:

1. Let bygones be bygones.

2. As was expected, the enemy walked right into the trap.

3. It had been six or seve hours since I had had anything to eat, drink or smoke.

4. (Keeping their arms off with his left arm) “Be careful! Mind my right arm!” he said.

5. Mr. Will was a short and skinny white man with dark hair and gray eyes, and a smile that seemed to be frozen on his face and everybody knew it was anything else but a genuine smile.

6. Haste makes waste.

二、试译下列各句,用正面表达法处理斜体部分:

1. “Don’t unstring your shoes, Roody,” she said.

2. “I don’t know if I ought ot have come,” she said breathlessly, grasping Phyl’s arm.

3. For him the wheel of slumber was wont to turn noiseless and slick an swift.

4. Generaly she accepted the family life in all its crowded inadequacy.

5. Jim was no end upset because he couldn’t go swimming.

6. Sir Percival’s spies were not going to lose sight of me.

seve舞蹈主持串词篇四

词汇语法串讲

2009年高考英语知识串讲

第1讲

一、Language Points

1. share

v.

分享、合用:

share sth with sb

n. 一份,股份 spare a. 业余的,备用的:spare time, a spare tire

v. 抽出,匀给:spare me five minutes/

spare one of sandwiches for the boy

spare no efforts:不遗余力

spare no expense:不惜工本

save v. 节省,救出

2. He felt lucky to have survived the war. 3. :和某人就某事争论 argue for/against sth:赞成/反对„ :说服某人做/不做某事 4. have/make/let/see/watch/listen to

+宾+宾补(do/doing/done) get sb to do sth have+宾+宾补(to do/to be done) 5. So+同一主语+助动词 So/neither/nor+助动词+另一主语 So it is/was with+另一主语

6. should/ought to/need/could/might/would+do/have done 7. except/but/except for/except that/except wh-clause besides/in addition apart from but for=without 8. The first time+从句 For the first time:作时间状语 It’s the first time+that-clause(完成时) the first+名词+to do 9. most most of the +n.(pl)/pron. the majority of (the) mostly: 主要地(状) 10. be equal to sth:与„相等 be equal to (doing) sth:胜任(做)某事 equal sth:与„相等 equal sb in sth:在„方面与某人匹敌 11. compare„to/with„ compared to/with„ 12. a great many several/two dozen/hundred +n.(pl.) (many) dozens of a great many of +pron. 13. 原级) too much+n.(u.) 14. 没有被动态 come about(主要用于疑问句、否定句) happen(表示偶然、碰巧之意) take place(多表示有组织、有计划) break out(指战争、灾害、疾病等的爆发)

occur(与happen通用) It occurs to sb that/to do„:某人突然想起„ 15. n./pron./adj./adv./prep-phrase to do:表将来 With+宾+宾补 doing:表正在进行 Done:表过去

16. 强调句型的判断方法:如果将句子中的“it be”和“that”去掉,

原句通顺则是强调句,否则就不是强调句。例: It was in the street that I met an old friend yesterday. 二、语法专题──名词的考点 1. 考查可数名词和不可数名词,尤其是许多不可数名词在一定情况下变为可数名词。

2. 考查名词的格,即 ’s所有格,of所有格或双重所有格。 3. 名词作定语。

4. 名词及名词短语的辨析。

5. 名词与介词,冠词,动词的搭配。 三、题型归纳──辨析型单项填空 1. 名词的辨析

名词的辨析首先要注意名词单复数的意义区别,如parent指父亲或母亲,而parents指父母双亲;people指人们,而a people指民族。其次注意可数与不可数时的意义区别,如: exercise指锻炼;而exercises指练习题或练习操;再次,注意同义名词或近义名词的区别,如:: event指发生的重大事件、体育项目;incident指偶发事件;而accident指意外事件。最后还要注意近形词的区别,如: cloth指布;cloths指各种不同用途的布;clothes指衣服(复数),clothing衣服(总称)。 2. 动词的辨析

对于动词的辨析,首先要了解动词的及物与不及物,如: reply意为“回答,答复”后面接名词时需接介词to, 此时为不及物动词;后接从句时,则为及物动词。其次是要弄清动词的词义区别,如: advise与persuade, 前者指劝说、劝告,强调过程;而后者指说服,强调结果。最后还要区别各种非谓语动词间的意义和用法:动词的v-ing形式表示正在进行或伴随的动作;v-ed形式表示完成或被动;to do形式表示即将进行的动作等。 3. 形容词、副词的辨析

对于形容词、副词,一是要注意近义词间的区别,如: clever指对问题处理的圆滑;bright指对问题的反应快;wise指选择的正确等。此外,如wide与broad; strong与powerful; interesting与interested; exciting与excited等。二是注意同形的形容词和副词,如: close作形容词时意为“亲密的”;作副词时意为“接近,靠拢”。三是注意同根副词的区别,如: hard与hardly, 前者指猛烈地、努力地;而后者意为几乎不。四是注意副词形式的形容词,如: friendly, lovely, lively实际上是形容词,切不可当作副词使用。五是注意形容词的位置区别,如: present+n.与n.+present,前者指当前的;而后者指在场的。

4. 介词的辨析

对介词的辨析要从两方面入手,一是介词的词义,如: across, through, past, over为动作介词,across强调从表面横过,越过;through强调从空间穿过;past强调从侧面、旁边经过;over强调从空中越过而不接触,也可以表示越过一段距离、空间等。此外,如above, over, on; with, by; of, to; to, for的区别。 5. 连词的辨析

连词的区别主要在于:一是连词的意义,如:when, while与as; because, since与for; whether与if; though, as与although等。二是注意时间名词短语转化而成的连词,如: every/each time; the first/second„time; the moment; the minute等,它们都可作连词,连接从句。三是注意副词转化而成的连词,如: directly, immediately, instantly等。四是注意连词的词序,如: only if与if only, 前者意为“只要”,后者意为“要是„就好了”。 6. 代词的辨析

代词的辨析包括不定代词,如: other, others, the other, the others, another等;人称代词,如: one, it, that等和关系代词,如: which与that; which与as; whose与prep.+which/whom等。 1. Does the teacher____ you to go home this weekend? A. allow B. consent C. agree D. approve 2. After the big fire, the house was completely____. A. ruined B. destroyed C. damaged D. spoiled 3. The hunter said he was lucky to get out of the forest____.

A. living B. alive C. lively D. live

4. ____ talking with his Grandma, he went away without saying a word.

A. Tiring with B. Tiring of C. Tired with D. Tired of 5. It’s necessary to have some____ knowledge for this job. A. electric B. electrical C. elctron D. electricity 6. The photo____ on the wall was taken in Beijing last year. A. hang B. hanging C. hung D. hanged

7. On New Year’s Day, people, especially girls, always wear new____-new hats, new coats, new trousers and new shoes. A. clothes B. clothing C. cloth D. cloths

8. He stays up____ in the evenings to go online to get the____ (that/in which)+定语从句 A method of doing sth

by this means You can solve the problem+ with this method in this way

by means of:通过„方式,以„手段 by this/that means:通过这种/那种方式 by all means:务必,一定;(用于回答)当然行,请 by no means:决不,一点也不(用于句首时用倒装) „(from) doing sth

prevent/stop„(from) doing sth „from doing information.

A. late, latest B. lately, last C. late, last D. latest, latest 9. ____ is it to ask her about her about that? She doesn’t know it either. A. What good B. How good C. What a good D. How much good 10. ____ I had done it I knew I had made a mistake. A. Hardly B. Directly C. mostly D. Nearly

11. It is said you went to see Jenny yesterday. What has become___ her?

A. from B. of C. into D. / 12. Who do you think will be allowed____ there tomorrow? A. visit B. to visit C. visiting D. visited

13. Today we can either fly to Hainan Island or take a ship___ the sea. A. in B. across C. from in D. across from 14. You wil find what great benefit the computer you own can be____ each time you use it to help you work. A. for B. of C. at D. on

15. I thought he was not____ of a professor the first time I heard him speaking to the children at the platform in the hall of our school. A. something B. anything C. somebody D. anybody

16. We’ve missed the last bus. I’m afraid we have no____ but to take a taxi. A. way B. choice C. possibility D. selection

17. ____ students have graduated from this school in the last twenty years.

A. Tens of thousands of B. Tens upon thousands of C. Tens in thousands D. Ten thousands of

18. The farmers plan to produce three times____ in the year before last to meet the increasing need of the people.

A. of crop as much this year as B. as much crop this year as C. as more crop this year as D. much crop this year than

19. I think the house is____ large for a family of four people and the price is very reasonable. A. too B. rather C. fairly D. a little 20. His mother dislikes him, for he____ lies. A. tells B. is always telling C. has told D. always told 1-5 ABBDB 6-10 BBAAB 11-15 BBDBB 16-20 BABCB

第2讲

一、Language points

1.

sb./sth.+to do 以为,认为) sb./sth.+as that-clause n. consider(考虑)+ doing

疑问词+to do sth consider„as

=think of/look on/take/regard/treat/have„as 2. to do of doing

„doing

under the potection of… as well as

might/may as well=had better 5. to do for-phrase especially

6. along the river:沿着河流 over the river:在河的正上方 through the forest:穿过森林 by the river:在河边 在河岸上 7. follow the instructions follow one’s advice as follows

8. be responsible to sb for sth 9. n.

doing/to do sth sb to do sth sth to sth

doing A to doing B

to do A rather than do sth that sb (should) do sth

10. n.+after +n.=one +n. +after another 一个接一个(强调动作的重复)

n. +by +n.: 一个接一个(强调动作的变化) tree after tree/day by day 11. say “hi” to sb.

Please remember me to sb. 向“某人”问好 Send my regards to sb. Send the best wishes to sb. 12. 主+be +adj. +to do: 不定式一般用主动式,与主语存在逻辑上的动宾关系,所以当不定式的动词是不及物动词时,则应在其后加上适当的介词。

=It’s difficult to answer the question.

The man is hard to work with.=It’s hard to work with the man.

当不定式用作定语时,与其所修饰的词之间存在逻辑上的动宾关系,且主语为该动作的执行者时,也常常用主动形式。 Eg. He wants water to drink. She has a room to live in.

I will go to Beijing tomorrow. Do you have anything to be taken there? 二、语法专题──冠词的考点

1. 考查冠词的一些基本用法,例如:复数名词、不可数名词表示泛指不用任何冠词;the+单数名词表类指;a/an+单数名词表泛指。 2. 考查冠词的习惯用法。如:in case of fire, be wounded in the leg, on the telephone, leave college等。

3. 考查冠词的活用。如:抽象名词的具体化,a success; a/an+专有名词表泛指,an Edison。 4. 考查零冠词的用法。

三、题型归纳──结构型单项填空

结构型试题常表现在句子中某些成分的省略、标点符号的出现、倒装或插入其他成分使前后分离等,从而引起句子结构的变化,扰乱对句子的判断。

1. 有省略的复合句。由于宾语从句或定语从句中谓语部分行为动

词的省略,导致对不定式作状语产生误解。

2. 标点符号的影响。由于受汉语习惯的影响,往往会因为句子中

的标点符号,弄错句子的结构。

3. 插入语的影响。有些句子由于中间插入了某些成分,而使句子

显得支离破碎,造成对句子结构的误解。

4. 倒装句型的基本结构:(1)完全倒装;(2)部分倒装:1)在特殊

疑问句和一般疑问句中;2)so/neither/nor+do/be/have/情态动词+主语;3)当虚拟语气的条件从句中省略if时,were, had, 和should应置于句首,采用倒装结构;4)表示祝愿的句子:may+主语+动词原形;5)as, though引导让步状语从句时:提前部分+as+主语+谓语动词;6)表示否定意义的副词、介词短语和连词词组置于句首;7)当not until+时间状语从句置于句首时,主句应采用倒装结构,而从句仍用正常语序;8)not only„but also„连接两个句子时,第一个句子采用倒装结构,第二个句子不采用倒装结构;9)no sooner„tham„, hardly„when„, scarcely„when„都表示“一„就„”,强调过去的两个动作接连发生,当no sooner, hardly和scarcely置于句首时,主句常把had置于主语之前,采用倒装结构,但从句不倒装。 10)only+副词/介词短语/宾语/时间状语从句置于句首时,常采用倒装,但only+主语则不应采用倒装;11)在so/such„that„引导的结果状语从句中,将so+adj./adv.或such置于句首时,其主句常采用倒装结构。 5. 强调句型,感叹句,并列句的应用。

6. 独立主格结构。1) n+to do; 2) n+doing; 3) n+done;

4)n+prep.+n.; 5) n+adj/adv; 6)n+n; 7) with+n+to do/doing/done/adj/adv/prep+n.

1. He said he would do what he could____ us. A. help B. to help C. helping D. helped 2. He spent all the money he had____ that dictionary. A. buy B. to buy C. buying D. bought

3. There are more than three thousand students in my school, most of____ from the country. A. that B. which C. whom D. them 4. It is his cleverness, not his strenth, ____ defeated his rival. A. that B. which C. what D. who

5. The way you think of_____ our living conditions sounds reasonable. A. improve B. to improve C. improving D. improvement 6. I feel strongly that whatever you____ matter to me. A. don’t B. do doesn’t C. don’t do D. doesn’t do 7. Is this school____ you studied in two years ago? A. that B. when C. it D. the one 8. Please tell me the way thought of____ the garden. A. take care of B. to take care of C. taking care of D. how to take care of

9. Mr Wang was much disappointed to see the washing machine he had had____ went wrong again.

A. it repaired B. to be repaired C. repaired D. repairing 10. We will do everything we can____ our city. A. to save B. save C. saving D. saved

11. The air quality in Beijing as well as in the neighboring cities we once spent much time____ better and better. A. in getting B. having got C. in is getting D. has got

12. Who did the teacher, as well as the monitor, ____ an article for the

wall newspaper? A. has write B. has written C. have write D. have written 13. What do you consider____ to her? A. to happen B. happening C. happened D. happens

14. Mr Reed made up his mind to devote all he had to____ some schools for poor children. A. set up B. setting up C. have set up D. having set up 15. To his joy, the day he looked forward to____ at last? A. coming B. come C. came D. have come 16. How long do you think it is____ she arrived here? A. when B. that C. before D. since 1-5 BCDAB 6-10 BDBCA 11-16 CCCBCD

第3讲

一、Language points

1. owe sb sth=owe sth to sb:欠某人某物 owe sth to sb/sth: 将„归功于„ owing to„: 由于„

=thanks to/because of/due to„

2. think highly/poorly/little/a lot +of sb/sth speak highly/well/badly +of sb/sth sing high praise for sb/sth 3. apologize to sb for (doing) sth

make an apology to sb for (doing) sth excuse sb for (doing) sth forgive sb for (doing) sth pardon sb for (doing) sth 4. make an impression on sb have an impression of sth

impress sth on/upon one’s mind 5. serve in the army on the office serve the people/the dish

serve sb with sth=serve sth to sb serve as the chairman

6. make jokes about: 取笑, 拿„开玩笑

=make a joke about laugh at: 嘲笑

have a joke with sb: 开某人的玩笑

play a joke on sb=play tricks on sb: 戏弄 in joke: 闹着玩,开玩笑 7. to do It’s time+ for sth

For sb to do sth

That-clause(一般过去时) 8. the one/ones:替代同类事物中特指一个或一些

one: 替代上文提到的同类名词中的一个,表泛指 it: 指上文提到的同一个事物

that: 替代上文出现的带定冠词的名词或不可数名词 9. none: 用来回答how many/how much引导的问句,常与of连用 no one: 只能指人,用来回答who引导的问句 neither: 两者都不,表单数

nothing: 用于指物,用来回答what引导的问句 10. cloth 布(u.): a piece of cloth

表示某种特殊用途的布块(桌布):Wipe up the water

with a cloth.

clothes: 衣服,服装。是一个没有单数形式的复数名词: A suit of clothes 注:不能直接用数词修饰,但可用

many, few, his, my, thse之类的词修饰,作主语时谓语动词用复数。

clothing: 服装,衣着。是一个无复数形式的物质名词,除衣

服外,还包括幌子,手套,鞋袜之类的东西,作主语时谓语动词用单数。A piece of clothing, an artcle of clothing

dress: 指穿在外面的衣服,尤指在社交场合穿的礼服及妇女

的连衣裙。

suit: 成套的衣服。

11. live: 活着,有生命的(作定语,主要用来指鸟或其他动物),实

况直播的

lively: 活泼的,有生气的,生动的

alive: 活着的,还有气儿的,是表语形容词,在句中作表语或

后置定语

living: 活着,健在的,现行的 12. receive: 收到,接到(客观动作);accept: 接受,领受(主观意愿) 非谓语动词的习惯用法。另外,有些非谓语动词短语已经从非谓语动词短语中游离了出来,而成为表达某种意思的固定搭配。如:to be true; to tell you the truth; to be exact; judging by/from; exactly speaking; frankly speaking; compared to/with等。

4. 动词的搭配。如:mean to do sth/mean doing sth; forget to do sth/forget doing sth; be used to doing sth/used to do sth; head for/go to; lend to/borrow from; set about/set out; write down/take down/put down等。

5. 动词短语。如:have a cold/catch cold; take place/take one’s place等。

6. 短语动词。如:run out/run out of; stick to/keep on; bring in/bring on等。

7. 形容词短语。如:be strict with/in; different from/in; be careful 接受教育、惩罚、支持,遭受不幸,接待客人:只用receive 接受某条件、建议:只用accept

13. turn+adj: 常表示从某种状态向其他状态变化的自然现象 The weather has turned much colder.

go+adj: 常表示由好变坏的情况:The milk went wrong/bad. become+adj: 强调施动者的作用或变化的结果 Please don’t get angry. come+adj: 一般表示向好的方面变化。 My dream has come true. 14. 含有插入语的疑问句:

15. 主从复合句的反意疑问句:疑问部分根据主句确定,但是主句的主语是I/we, 谓语是think /suppose /believe /hope /imagine /expect /guess /know /feel /be sure /be told时,疑问部分根据从句确定,否定转移时,疑问部分用肯定语气。 I don’二、语法专题──代词的考点

1. 不定代词:(1)all, any, none, both, either, neither; (2)another, other, the other, others, the others; (3)复合不定代词:someone, anyone, everyone, no one; something, anything, everything, nothing. 2. it的用法:

(1)it作实意代词,代替日期、时间、季节、距离;代替身份不明的人,心目中的人和事以及代替上文已提到的或下文将要提到的人、物或某种情况;代替指示代词this, that。

(2)it作引导词:作形式主语和形式宾语,代替不定式、动名词和从句;it用于强调句型。

3. 替代词one, ones, the one, the ones, that, those的用法。 4. 人称代词在使用中要注意主格和宾格的区别,反身代词则要注意和主语一致。

三、题型归纳──习语、搭配型单项填空

语言的习惯表达是语言在长期使用过程中的结果,不能随意改变。其表现形式主要在介词短语、名词短语及非谓语动词短语的习惯搭配等方面。习语、搭配型单项填空主要考查对英语习语及搭配的掌握和运用,这就需要在平时多加注意和积累,切不可想当然。 1. 介词后的宾语:介词后面常接名词、代词、动名词作宾语,但是,在考试时要注意一些习惯用法。如:far from satisfied/over; take sth for granted; in hospital与in the hospital; at sea与at the sea。 2. 冠词的增删:固定搭配中名词前的冠词的有无都是习惯用法,若去掉或增加,都会使其意思发生变化。如:in prison与in the prison; in bed与on the bed; in school与in the school; in possession of与in the possession of; in charge of与in the charge of; in front of与in the front of。

3. 非谓语动词短语的考查重点:一是非谓语动词与逻辑主语的关系;二是非谓语动词与谓语动词所表示动作的时间先后关系;三是

of/with等。

8. 名词短语。如:the number of/a number of; a knowledge of等。 1. No matter what you see, don’t take it for____, but use your head to think it over. A. grant B. granting C. granted D. grantness 2. When writing, he often keeps a dictionary____. A. in hand B. on hand C. at hand D. hand in 3. His wife often goes to____ on Sundays. A. church B. a church C. the church D. churching 4. It is good for you in your future life____ English. A. have good knowledge of B. to have good knowledge of C. to have a good knowledge of D. has a good knowledge of 5. ____ what he said, he has been to Australia. A. Judge by B. Judged by C. Judging from D. To judge from 6. She is always ready to help others and asking for nothing____. A. in return B. in case C. in addition D. in turn 7. They held a ceremony____ those killed in the battle. A. instead of B. in favor of C. by means of D. in honor of 8. The man____ the shop said we could have two days off. A. in charge of B. in the charge of C. take charge of D. take the charge of

9. When they got to America, they nearly____ money. A. ran out B. ran out of C. ran away D. ran away from 10. Word came that Brown____ the record in yesterday’s match. A. made B. stroke C. beat D. hit

11. Look, little Betty is giving a talk to the children and is____ a teacher.

A. somebody of B. anybody like C. something of D. like anything

12. Mr Wang is very old, but he works like a young man. In deed, I can’t admire him____.

A. very much B. so well C. too much D. quite well 1-6 CCACCA 7-12 DABCCC

第4讲

一、Language points 1. sth

sth for sth for sth to do sth be prepared to do sth 2. We tied with the visiting team in the basketball match. affect vt. 影响

effect n. 效果,作用

have a good/bad effect on in effect事实上

cause and effect因果 take effect生效,起作用 come into effect生效,实行 effort n. 努力

without effort毫不费力

make every effort尽一切努力 spare no effort不遗余力 3.weigh vt. 称„的重量

vi. 重达„, 重量为„ put on weight lose weight by weight

in meters/pounds/calories

by the day/the week/the yard/the dozen/the ton 4. in„参加„比赛

with/against„与„竞赛/竞争 „角逐„,为获取„而竞赛 5. Where there is a will, there is a way. 6. do sth not do sth

do sth than do sth

would rather+ =would do sth rather than do sth =prefer to do sth rather than do sth that-clause+ ──表现在或将来 had done──表过去 7. do damage to sth

live one’s dream in ruins/in pieces

under attack/discussion/construction/consideration/treatment 8. almost: 差距比nearly小。可与never, no, no one, none, nobody, nothing, nowhere等否定词连用,但不能 与not连用。

nearly: 不可与上述否定词连用,但可与not连用,构成 Not„nearly, 意为“远非„,远不及„” 二、语法专题──形容词和副词的考点 1. 形容词和副词的辨析:一般无规律可循,只能在于平常时多积累。我们应注意这几点:(1)分清形容词和副词各自的语法功能,即形容词常用作定语,而副词常用作状语;(2)掌握具体的形容词、副词的基本含义和语法功能。如therefore意为“所以”,在句中起关联作用。(3)有些副词有两种形式,其中一种形式与形容词相同,另一种形式是在形容词后加-ly,意义不太相同,应加以分辨。常见的有:close接近──closely仔细地,密切地;high高──highly高度地;free免费──freely自由地,自如地;late晚,迟──lately近来;deep深──deeply深刻地,深入地;near邻近──nearly几乎; hard努力地──hardly几乎不;most最──mostly主要地; wide宽阔──widely广泛地;easy从容地──easily容易地 (4)有些副词与形容词的词形完全相同。换言之,有些词同时兼有形容词和副词两种词性。常见的有:early, straight, slow, enough, fast, hard, long, firm等。

2. 形容词和副词的词序:

(1)enough用作形容词修饰名词时,可前可后;用作副词修饰形容词或副词时,只能位于之后。例:enough time/time enough; strong enough。

(2)形容词修饰复合不定代词时要后置,something important。

(3)as, how, so, too修饰单数名词时,其词序为:as/how/so/too+adj.+a/an+n.,too large a room; how interesting a film; Mike is as clever a boy as Tom。

(4)such修饰单数名词时,其词序为:such+a/an+adj.+n.,such a large room; 但名词前是one, some, many, all, no等修饰时,其词序为:one/some/many/all/no+such+adj.+n.。 (5)多个形容词作定语时的词序为:县官行令宴国才──限定词+描绘性形容词+大小、长短、高低等形容词+新旧+颜色+国家、地区+材料+用途+被修饰名词。限定词包括:前位限定词,如:倍数词、分数词及all, both, half, double等;中位限定词,如:冠词、物主代词、指示代词、所有格及some, any, no, every, each, either, neither, enough, much, whose等;后位限定词,如:基数词,序数词及little(表示少),few, last, next, other, another, more, less, most, several, least, plenty of等不定量代词;限定词的排列顺序:前位+中位+后位+中心词。

(6)倍数的表示法:A is n times bigger than B. as big as the size of John has five times as many books as mine. 3. 形容词和副词的比较等级: (1)当A>B时,比较级+than (2)当A>B,且B包含A时

当A>B,但B不包含A时

I’(3)比较级+and+比较级:表示自身的变化

The+比较级,the+比较级:表示随之变化。 (4)“否定词+谓语+比较级”相当于最高级 I’ve never seen a nicer bird than this one.

How beautifully she sings! I have never heard a better voice.

(5)常见的无比较级、最高级的形容词和副词有:cpmparative(ly), relative(ly), particular(ly), special(ly), excellent(ly), extreme(ly), perfect(ly), complete(ly)等。

(6)more+原级+than: 与其说„不如说„。

(7)可以修饰比较级的副词有:any, even, far, much, rather, still, yet, a bit, a little, a lot, by far, 但不可加very, many, more, fairly, quite(但quite better除外)。

4. 形容词和副词的成分区别:

(1)不能作定语的形容词(大多数以a开头):afraid, alike, alive, alone, ashamed, asleep, awake, ill, well, 若要作定语,则分别改用frightened, similar, living, lone, shy, sleeping, waking, sick, healthy; 有时这些形容词也可以作定语,但一般作后置定语。

(2)作状语一般用副词,但有时形容词可作伴随状语。 三、题型归纳──语境、语境+语法型单项填空 在题干上附加一些语言信息,将词法、句法等知识融入到语境之中,使试题语境化,其特点是:如果单独看空白和选项,各个选项都是正确的。然而,将题干和选项联系起来考虑,就只有一个最佳选项。常见的题型有:(1)对话语境;运用对话语境命题是高考的一种趋势,应该正确理解对话双方的语气、时态、语态,从而确定正确的选项;(2)句中的语境:有些试题选项中的一个或几个好像都适用这个问题,但是,根据句子的语境的意义,就可判断出只有一个是最佳答案;(3)动词的时态和语态,情态动词及语气,形容词和副词的级。 1. ----Why? Tom, your shirt is so dirty?

----Mom, I____ my store room downstairs.

A. cleaned B. have cleaned C. was cleaning D. have been cleaning 2. ----I think Gorge doesn’t really care for TV plays. ----Right, ____ he still watches the program. A. and B. but C. or D. so

3. If you can’t come tomorrow, we’ll____ have to hold the meeting next week. A. yet B. even C. rather D. just

4. I’m going to Beijing tomorrow. Do you have anything____ to your

seve舞蹈主持串词篇五

2010届中考英语第二轮语法复习—代词1

第三章代词(一)

代词就是用来代替名词,名词性词组或短语和句子的。代词的任务是使语言简练而表达准确。代词大多数都具有名词和形容词的功能。在同一环境中,当人名或其他一些名词第二次使用时,通常都用代词进行替代。代词的使用机率非常高,这是为了避免语言的重复。

一、代词的概况

1.代词的分类

代词按其意义、特征以及句法功能,可分为:

人称代词:I, you, he, she, it, we, they;

物主代词:my, his, her, its, our, your, their; mine, his, hers, its , ours, yours, theirs;

指示代词:this, that, these, those, such, (the)same, so;

反身代词:myself, yourself, himself, herself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves;

相互代词:each other, one another;

疑问代词:who, whom, whose, what, which; whoever, whatever, whichever;

关系代词:who, whom, whose, which, as, but, that; whoever, whichever;

不定代词:some(someone, somebody, something) any(anybody, anyone, a nything), all, another, few, little, many, much, one, other, everyone, both, eac h, either, everything;

连接代词:who, whom, which, what.

2.代词的性、数、格的变化

(1)代词中只有人称代词、物主代词和反身代词的单数第三人称有性的区别,如:she, he ; her, his; herself, himself。

提示:另外,修辞上习惯把sun, war, ocean, sea等用he来代替;把 moon, earth, motherland, peace, ship等用she来代替;把baby, pet等用it来代替。

(2)各种代词都有单数和复数的区别。例如:each, every, another, the other, someone, everything等都是表示单数意义的代词;both, all, a few, many, seve ral等都是表示复数意义的代词。

代词的单复数主要通过三种方式体现:

①通过不同人称的相应形式的变化体现单复数。

he, she, it--they;I--we;

my--our;mine--ours;

me--us;him, her, it--them;

myself--ourselves; yourself--yourselves

②通过句子的含义确定 what, who, which, any, some 等代词的单复数。

They have a new teacher this term.

他们这学期有一位新老师。

Who is he or she? (单数)

他或她是谁?

They have several new teachers this term.

他们这学期有几位新老师。

Who are they?(复数)

他们是谁?

① 先行词和单复数决定了关系代词 who, which, that 等的单复数。

Do you know the man who is talki ng to the headmaster?

你认识那个正在跟校长说话的人吗?

Do you know the men who are in the sitting room?

你认识客厅里的那些人吗?

(3)代词有主格、宾格和所有格的变化:

①人称代词有主格、所有格和宾格的变化。

I(主格)--my(形容词性所有格) mine(名词性所有格)--me(宾格)

he(主格)--his(形容词性所有格) his(名词性所有格)--him(宾格)

she(主格)--her(形容词性所有格) hers(名词性所有格)--her(宾格)

it(主格)--its(形容词性所有格) its(名词性所有格)--it(宾格)

we(主格)--our(形容词性所有格) ours(名词性所有格)--us(宾格)

②相互代词和不定代词有所有格的变化:

one's, ones, other's, others',

each other's, one another's,

anybody's, somebody's,

everybody's, nobody's

二、人称代词

替代人或事物的代词被称为人称代词。

1.人称代词的用法

(1)作主语:

We enjoy swimming in summer.

我们夏天喜欢游泳。

Both the brothers are the explorers.

兄弟俩都是探险家。

(2)作直接宾语:

Who went to meet her at the airport yesterday?

昨天谁去机场接她的?

(3)作间接宾语:

Will you show me the way to the school?

你可以指给我去学校的路吗?

(4)作介词的宾语:{seve舞蹈主持串词}.

She often goes to school together with me.

她经常与我一块儿去上学。

(5)作表语:

It is he that lost my bike.{seve舞蹈主持串词}.

是他把我的车弄丢了。

Who is it? It's me.

是谁? 是我。

2.多个人称代词同时使用时的排列顺序

当几个不同的人称代词作主语时,I和me总是放在最后一位(表示礼貌)。顺序是: 单数:you+he/she+I/me

复数:we+you+they

例如:You, she and I are in the same group.

我、你和她在同一个小组。

You, he and I should return on time.

我、你和他都应按时返回。

代词并列有顺序,单数并列2 3 1,复数并列1 2 3,若把错误责任担,第一人称最当先。时

时注意比身份,人总要在动物前。单身男女同时到,男士反而要优先。

3.人称代词复数we, you, they的泛指用法

we, you, they在句中有时并不表示特定的人,因此不用译为“我们”、“你们”、“他们 ”。 例如:They speak French on that island.

在那个岛上,人们说法语。

You never realize what will happen.

人们没有意识到将要发生什么事情。

We had a good harvest this year.

今年这里获得了一个大丰收。

4.人称代词it的特殊用法

(1)表示天气、时间和距离等。

It was wet all day yesterday.

昨天一整天都是小雨不断。(指天气)

What time is it? It's nine o'clock.

几点了? 九点了。(指时间)

It's about two hours' walk.

步行大约两个小时。(指距离)

(2)it 用于打电话时,指人。

“Hello, it is Susan.”

“喂,我是苏姗。”

(3)用 it 代替婴儿或小孩。

Look at the baby, it has just fallen asleep.

看那个孩子,她刚睡着。

(4)it 作形式主语或形式宾语。

It is polite to say hello to others when you meet th em.(形式主语)

当你遇到别人时,打声招呼是礼貌行为。

She found it easy to finish all the exercises.

她觉得做完所有的练习很容易。(形式宾语)

(5)it 用于强调句型。

例如:It is her father who is a policeman.

原来她的父亲是一名警察。

It was a watch that I received on my birthday.

我生日那天收到的是一块手表。

三、物主代词

表示所有关系的代词叫作物主代词。

1.物主代词的种类

物主代词分为名词性和形容词性的两类物主代词:

形容词性:my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their

名词性:mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, yours, theirs

2.物主代词的用法

(1)物主代词的使用,一定要与它所修饰的名词在人称、数和性等方面一致 ;当需要泛指或不清楚性别时,用his或their来表示。

例如:

Each woman has her own style of dressing.{seve舞蹈主持串词}.

女人都有自己的服饰风格。

Everyone here has his own work to do.

这里的每一个人都有自己的工作可做。

They tried their best to protect the environment around the town.

他们尽最大努力保护小镇周围的环境。

Each player in the team must finish his ten thousand meters' running everyday.

队里的每个运动员每天都要跑完自己的10,000米。

(2)表示“其中之一”或“其中一些”,须用双重所有格形式,即“of+名词性物主代词”。 Mike is a friend of mine.

=Mike is one of my friends.

麦克是我的一个朋友。

This dish of yours is the most popular.

你的这道菜最受欢迎。

(3)形容词性物主代词

形容词性物主代词在句子中可作定语。

You should pay more attention to your health when you are getting old.

当人们变老时,应该更加注意自己的健康。

Her mother is a lawyer. She is very proud of her.

她的妈妈是律师。她很为她自豪。

(4)名词性物主代词

①作主语:

The history of this country is very long, but ours is much longer than it. 这个国家的历史悠久,但我们国家的历史比它更悠久。{seve舞蹈主持串词}.

②作动词的宾语:

My bike is broken. Can I use yours?

我的自行车坏了,可以用一下你的吗?

③作介词的宾语:

His idea is much more different from mine.

他的想法与我的有很大的不同。

④作表语:

This dictionary is hers, not mine.

这本词典是她的,不是我的。

巧记物主代词的用法“形代”修饰名,不可独立用;“名代”独立行,可作主、宾、表。

四、反身代词

英语中表示“我自己”,“你自己”,“她自己”等含义的代词,叫作反身代词。

1.反身代词的种类:

单数 复数

第一人称:myself; ourselves

第二人称:yourself; yourselves

第三人称:himself, herself, itself; themselves

2.反身代词的用法

反身代词在句子中可以作宾语、表语和同位语。

(1)作同位语用于加强语气,其位置较为灵活。例如:

The child can dress himself now.

=The child himself can dress now.

这孩子现在会自己穿衣服了。

She spoke to the headmaster himself.

她对校长本人讲。

(2)作直接宾语、间接宾语和介词宾语:(表示动作返回到发出者,主语和宾语为同一人或物 ) She saw herself in the water.

她在水中看见了自己。(直接宾语)

比较:She saw her in the water.

她在水中看见了她。(另外一个女人)

The girl taught herself English.

这姑娘自学英语。(直接宾语)

He was cold and hungry, so he bought himself a bowl of noodles at a small food stand. 他又冷又饿,就在一个小摊上给自己买了一碗面。(间接宾语)

>The manager gave himself a three-day leave.

这位经理给自己放了三天假。(间接宾语)

Edison looked at himself in the mirror and got an idea.

爱迪生对着镜子瞧自己,忽然想出一个主意来。( 介词宾语)

“Don't worry about me! I can look after myself.” she said. (介词宾语)

她说:“别为我担心,我能够照顾好自己。”

(3)作表语。

You will be yourself again soon.

你一会儿就会好的。

Her mother was not quite herself yesterday.

她的母亲昨天感到特别不舒服。

3.由反身代词构成的习惯用语:

(1)by oneself 表示“独自”,“单干(不要别人帮忙)”

The boy made a model plane all by himself.

这个男孩完全独自一人做了一架航模。

Can you do these exercises by yourself?

你能独自完成这些习题吗?

(2)of oneself 表示“自动地”

The smoke disappeared of itself.

烟自动地消失了。

The window suddenly opened of itself and an ugly dog came out.

那扇窗突然开了,一条极丑陋的狗跳了出来。

(3)between ourselves 表示“私下讲”

Between ourselves, don't you think he is quite believable?

咱们私下里讲,你不认为他是一个完全可以信赖的人吗?

Between ourselves, I don't think he is honest.

咱们俩个私下说,我认为他不够诚实。

(4)among themselves 表示“相互”,“在他们之间”。

What were they arguing about among themselves this time yesterday ?

昨天这时候,他们在互相争论什么?

The students often discuss the problems they have among themselves in the class meeting.

seve舞蹈主持串词篇六

Unit 5单词The true north

Unit 5

1.trip: (通常指短途的)行走,旅行

与trip搭配的主要动词和介词:

be on a trip (to)

make a trip (to)

take a trip (to)

trip, tour, journey, travel&voyage

voyage 一趟旅程,尤指海上之旅

Many are finding that the most pleasant way to travel is a voyage on a cruise ship. journey主要指单程较远距离的海、陆、空“旅行”

Mr. Smith made a journey from Paris to New York.

A pleasant journey to you.

travel一般指到国外或远方旅行,它同journey不同之处,在于不着重某一目的地,有到各地“游历”的意思,作名词时常用复数形式。

One day in his travels in China, he got to Guangzhou.

trip常指短距离的、直达目的地的旅行。

I am going on a trip to the seaside during the summer holidays.

tour“旅行,周游,观光”,主要目的地是游览或视察,距离可长可短,常带有“最后回到出发地”的含义。

He is making a tour of the world.

2.multicultural adj. 多元文化的

eg: The USA is a multicultural country.

(知识拓展)

前缀multi表示“多,多种,多个”之意。如:

multi-industry adj. 多种经营的

multi-purpuse adj. 多用途的,多功能的

multiparty adj. 多党派的

multimedia n. 多媒体

multichannel adj. 多频道的

3.quiz n. (c.)

(1.) a competition or game in which you have to answer questions 问答比赛,智力游戏

eg : the quiz show on cctv last night was exciting.

昨晚中央电视台的那个问答比赛节目很让人兴奋。

(2) a short test that a teacher gives to students小测验,小考

Eg : the teacher gave the students a quiz on last week‟s work.

老师测验了学生上星期的功课。

辨析:quiz , examination

Quiz 指“测验” ,特指事先无准备,随时进行的问答或测验,也指广播或电视节目中的知识竞赛。

Examination 通常只指正式的考试,如期末考试,入学考试等。

4.rather than 与其,不愿,而不是 并列连词,用于连接两个并列成分

(1) 连接两个形容词

Eg : Those shoes are pretty rather than comfortable.

(2) 连接两个名词

Eg : His mother is a teacher rather than an artist.

(3) 连接两个代词

Eg : It ought to be me rather than you that sign the letter.

(4) 连接两个介词短语

Eg : I „d prefer to go in summer rather than in winter.

(5) 连接两个动名词

Eg : I love swimming rather than skating.

(6) 连接两个不定式(后面的to可省也可不省)

Eg : I decided to write rather than telephone.

注意: rather than 连接两个名词或代词作主语时,谓语动词应与rather than 前

面的名词或代词在人称和数上保持一致。

Eg: You rather than I are going camping.

拓展:

or rather 更确切的说

other than 除了(=except)

would do ….rather than do……

would rather do ….than do……

prefer to do ……rather than do…..

宁愿做----而不愿做----

Eg: I would rather stay at home than go out .

我宁可呆在家里也不愿出去。

I would die with my head high rather than live with knees bent.

我宁愿昂头而死,也不愿屈膝求生。

She preferred to watch tv rather than go to the concert.

她宁愿看电视也不愿去听音乐会。

知识链接

1) more than 超过, 不仅仅,很,非常

he is more than our teacher , he is our friend.

他不仅仅是我们的老师,他还是我们的朋友。

2) more----- than---- 与其-----不如-----

He was more frightened than hurt

与其说他受伤了,到不如说他受惊吓了。

3)no more -----than----/ not any more ----than----(=neither----nor----)

表示前者和后者一样都不

Jack is no more diligent than John.

杰克和约翰谁都不勤奋。

4)not more -----than-----(=not so-----as----)

前者不如后者----

She is not more beautiful than Mary.

她不让玛丽漂亮。

测试

1)this printer is of good quality . If it _____break down within the first year , we

would repair it at our expence.

A. would B. should C. could D. might

2) But for the help of my English teacher , I _____the first prize in the English Writing Competition.

A. would not win B. would not have won

C. would win D. would have won

3) ----john went to the hospital alone .

----if he ______me about it , I would have gone with him.

A. should tell B. tells C. told D. had told

4) Had I known about this computer program , a huge amount of time and energy______.

A. would have been saved B. had been saved

C. will be saved D. was saved

5. It‟s too bad you can‟t go as far as Ottawa, Canada‟s capital.

as far as 远到...

I walked as far as the foot of the mountain.

Sarah has read as far as the forth volume.

as far as还可表示程度、 范围,意思是“就…;尽…;至于”

As far as I know, the computer can never take

the place of the human brain

6.chat. V. / n.

搭配 chat about sth闲聊某事

Chat with/ to sb 与某人聊天

Eg: we sat in the cafe for hours chatting about our experiences.

我们在咖啡馆坐了几个小时,谈了谈各自的经历。

7.baggage n. (u)行李

提示:baggage 和luggage 作行李讲时, 都是不可数名词。 表示数量时用 a piece of baggage/ luggage

8. all the way 自始至终 一直 一路上

Eg: he kept silent all the way.

他一直保持沉默。

Did you really swim all the way on last Sunday morning ?

上个星期天上午你真的一直在游泳吗?

拓展:

any way 不管怎样 无论如何

by way of 经由 通过---方法

feel one‟s way 摸索着走

have /get one‟s own way 为所欲为

in the way 挡路 挡道

in no way 绝不

by the way 顺便说

in a / one way 在某种程度上

make one‟s way 奋力前进

lose one‟s way 迷路

9.eastwad adv./adj.

(1) adv. towards the east向东(也可写作eastwards)

eg : we couldn't decide whether to go eastward or westward.

提示;

不能说go to eastward ,而应该说go eastward

(2) adj. 向东的,朝东的(不能写作eastwards)

Eg: they are riding in an eastward direction. 他们骑马东行。

拓展:

westward(s) adv. 向西

northward(s) adv. 向北

backward(s) adv. 向后

downward(s) adv. 向下

forward(s) adv. 向前

sideward(s) adv. 向一边

seaward(s) adv. 向海的

10.surround vt. 围绕,环绕

搭配 surround ….. with ….. 用----把-----围住

be surrounded by / with ----- 周围都是-----

Eg: david likes to surround himself with young people.

戴维喜欢和年轻人在一起。

The island is surrounded by the sea.

小岛四周围海。

After the meeting , he was surrounded by a crowd of reporters.

会后, 他被一群记者围住了。

单词积累:

surrounding adj 附近的, 四周的

surroundings n. 环境

11.The coast north of Vancouver has some of the oldest and most beautiful forests in the world

north of = to the north 表示“在……的北方”,其他方位词,如:east, west, south,

southeast, northeast等,都有类似的用法。

He lives to the east of Los Angeles

A is in the east of B: A在B的东部(内部)

A is on the east of B: A在B的东侧(外部接壤、毗邻)

A is to the east of B: A在B的东部(范围之外)

1. Taiwan is ____ the southeast of China. ---in

2. ____ the east of China is/lies Shanghai. ----in

3. ____ the east of Shanghai is the East Sea. ----on

4. Japan lies ____ the east of China. ----to

5. Korea is ____ the northeast of China. -----to

11.measure a) v.

(1) ~ sb/sth (for sth) 测量, 度量

Eg : A ship‟s speed is measured in knots. 船速以节测量。

He has gone to be measured for a new suit.

他去量尺寸做新衣服去了。

(2) 判定,估量

It‟s difficult to measure the success of the campaign at this stage.

在现阶段还难以估量这场运动的成败。

(3) (指尺寸,长短,数量等)量度为(无被动语态和进行时态)

The pond measures about 2 meters across.

这个池塘宽约两米。

b) n.

(1) 措施,方法

我们必须采取措施制止污染

(2) 尺度,标准,程度

Sending flowers is a measure of how much you care.

送花就说明你关心的程度。 裁缝按他的尺寸做了这件衣服。

(3) 计量单位,计量标准

The Richter scale is a measure of ground motion.

里氏震级是测量地动的单位。

测试:

1)It was difficult to see what ______could be taken.

A.) action B.steps C. measures D.all above

2) that river ______250kilometres long and 60 metres wide.

A. measures B. is measured C. calculates D. is calculated

12. aboard adv/ prep. On or onto a ship ,plane , bus or train 在船,飞机,火车上;

上船,飞机 火车

搭配go aboard=go on board

=board a ship/plane /train

=go aboard a ship /plane /train

辨析:aboard ; abroad

go aboard 上船,飞机,火车

go abroad 去国外

13.settle down

a) 定居下来

Eg : He wanted to get married and settle down.

他想结婚定居下来。

2)使---平静下来=calm down

Eg : The chairman tried to settle the audience down.

主席设法使听众安静下来。

3)settle down to sth 开始认真对待;安下心来做

Eg: He find it hard to settle down to his work.

他觉得安下心来工作很难。

4)舒适的坐下或躺下

Eg: He settled down in his armchair to read a new novel.

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