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infinite段子篇一

附录四 GMAT数学词汇

附录四 GMAT数学词汇

A.算术

1.整数

4.实数

9.计算方法

C.几何

3.四边形和多边形

infinite段子篇二

TOEFL专业词汇

TOEFL专业词汇

1 地理 GEOGRAPHY

geography 地理 geographer 地理学家

hemisphere 半球

meridian 子午线,经线

parallel 平行圈,纬线

latitude 纬度

longitude 经度 elevation 海拔

altitude 高度

horizon 地平线

equator 赤道

tropics 热带地区

Arctic 北极

Antarctic(Antarctica) 南极 expedition 探险

time zone 时区

topography 地形,地形学

plain 平原

plateau (highland) 高地

lowland 低地 basin 盆地

cavern (cave) 洞穴

terrain 地域 subterranean ( underground) 地底下 coastland 沿海地区

island 岛屿

continental island 大陆岛

volcanic island 火山岛

coral island 珊瑚岛

peninsular 半岛

continent 大陆

continental shelf 大陆架

ranges 山脉

valley 峡谷

canyon 峡谷

channel (strait) 海峡

terrestrial 地球的,陆地的

terrestrial heat (geothermal) 地热

continental drift 大陆漂移学说

evaporation 蒸发

salinity 含盐度

ocean bottom 海床

sediment 沉淀物,沉积物

tropical 热带的 temperate 温带的

{infinite段子}.

frigid 寒带的 formation 形成

fieldstone 卵石{infinite段子}.

2地质类

geology 地质学 geologist 地质学家

crust 地壳

mantle 地幔

core 地核

continental crust 大陆地壳 oceanic crust 海洋地壳

layer (stratum,复数strata) 地层

plate 板块

fault 断层

fault plane 断层面

fault zone 断层带

rift (crack; split) 断裂

disintegration (decomposition) 分解 erosion 腐蚀

fossil 化石

igneous rock 火成岩

sedimentary rock 沉积岩

metamorphic rock 变质岩 quartz 石英

limestone 石灰岩

marble 大理石

granite 花岗岩

lithogenous 岩成的

lithosphere 岩石圈

magma 岩浆

mineral 矿物

ore 矿石

deposit 矿床

platinum 白金,铂

silver 银

copper 黄铜

aluminum 铝

tin 锡 lead 铅

zinc 锌

nickel 镍

mercury 汞,水银

sodium 钠

gem 宝石

diamond 钻石

emerald 绿宝石

ruby 红宝石

glacier 冰川

glacial 冰川的

glacial epoch ( age, period) 冰川期 glacial drift 冰渍

iceberg 冰山

volcano 火山

active volcano 活火山

extinct volcano 死火山

dormant volcano 休眠火山

eruption 火山喷发

crater 火山口

lava 火山岩浆

volcanic 火山的

volcanic dust 火山尘

volcanic ash 火山灰

earthquake ( quake; tremor;

seism) 地震

seismic 地震的

seismology 地震学

magnitude 震级

seismic wave 地震波

cataclysm 灾变

3天文类

astronomy 天文学

astronomical 天文的

astronomical observatory 天文台

astronomer 天文学家

astrophysics 天文物理学

astrology 占星学

pseudoscience 伪科学

cosmos(universe) 宇宙

cosmology 宇宙学

infinite 无限的

cosmic 宇宙的

cosmic radiation 宇宙辐射 cosmic rays 宇宙射线

celestial 天的

celestial body (heavenly body) 天体 celestial map (sky atlas) 天体图

celestial sphere 天球

dwarf (dwarf star) 矮星

quasar 类星体,类星射电源

constellation 星座

galaxy (Milky Way) 新河系

cluster 星团

solar system 太阳系

solar corona 日冕

solar eclipse 日食

solar radiation 太阳辐射

planet 行星

planetoid (asteroid) 小行星

revolve 旋转,绕转

twinkle 闪烁 naked eye 肉眼

Mercury 水星

Venus 金星

Earth 地球

Mars 火星

Jupiter 木星

Saturn 土星

Uranus 天王星

Neptune 海王星

Pluto 冥王星

orbit 轨道

spin 旋转

satellite 卫星

lunar 月球的

meteor 流星

meteor shower流星雨

meteoroid 流星体

meteorite 陨石

comet 彗星

space (outer space) 太空,外层空间 spacecraft (spaceship) 宇宙飞船

spaceman ( astronaut) 宇航员,航天员

space suit 宇航服,航天服

space shuttle 航天飞机

space telescope空间望远镜

astronaut 宇航员

star 恒星

stellar 恒星的

intergalactic 星系间的

interstellar 恒星间的

interplanetary 行星间的

asteroid 小行星

nebula 星云

space debris 太空垃圾

ammonia 氨

corona 日冕

chromosphere 色球

photosphere 色球层

convection zone 对流层

vacuum 真空

infrared ray 红外线

chondrite 球粒

absolute magnitude 绝对量级

radiation 辐射

emission 发射,散发

high-resolution 高清晰度{infinite段子}.

interferometer 干扰仪

4考古,人类

anthropologist 人类学家

paleoanthropologist 古人类学家

ecological anthropologist 生态人类学家 psychological anthropologist 心理人类学家 origin 起源

originate 起源于

ancestor 祖先

hominid 人(科)

homogeneous 同一种族(种类)的 tribe 部落

clan 氏族

archeologist 考古学家

excavation 挖掘

excavate (unearth) 挖掘

ruins 遗迹,废墟

remains 遗迹,遗骸

infinite段子篇三

英语四级考前必读

大家仔细看看吧,看了不一定后悔,不看一定后悔!!!

英语四级考前必读!!!

1、听力,有三种题型,dialogue(十个对话),passage(三个短文),compound dictation(复合式听写,也就是传说中的段子题),第一种每年必考,后两种逐年交替,其中考passage的次数相对较多。

最容易得分的是dialogue和passage,只要记住一个超级技巧即可:对话所述事情总是向不好的方面发展。举几个例子:比如对话里问教授的讲座lecture难不难,记住一定难,老师的作业assignment多不多,一定多,男士发出的邀请,女士会答应吗,永远不会,永远是一个傻哥们发出邀请,邀请的对象是Mary,问我们游泳好吗,滑冰好吗,跳舞好吗,吃饭好吗,Mary的回答永远是,我非常的想去,but不去,四级考了十几年了,Mary从来没有去过,今年照样不会。所以大家记住,只要是对话,必然会发生意外的事情,再举个例子,两个选项,A火车准时,B火车晚点如果你是出题老师,你怎么设置对话,当然是晚点了,准时有什么好说的,总不能两个神经病,或者是两人刚谈恋爱,来到车站,没话找话,男的说,哇,火车准时了,女的说,咿!还真准时了耶!所以准时是不可能的,不好的事情一般都是最后的答案!对于compound dictation,上学期偶运气好没有考这个,但是偶觉得这种题确实比较难,只能竖直耳朵专心听了,即使听不懂,也要根据上下文瞎猜一个,空着肯定没分,瞎猜说不定老师看错了还会给你一分!

2、阅读,这是我们应考的重点,阅读题得分的高低直接影响到你是否能过,在这里我针对每种题型谈一谈,一事实细节题,据偶的观察,每年必考地方是列举处,即有first,sceond,in addition……的地方,还有举例与打比方的地方,即有as,such ,for instance等出现的地方,有几个应考规律,大家记住,1)选项中照抄或似乎照抄原文的一般不是答案,而同义词替换的是正确答案,

2)选项中表达意义较具体,也就是句子较长的一般不是答案而概括性的,抽象的是答案,

3)选项中有绝对语气词的比如must,never,merely等不是答案而有不十分肯定语气词的是正确答案,比如could,might,possible等。

二词义及语义判断题,常考有指代上下问语义功能的名词和一词多义的词组,另外复杂句由于其句子之间的关系复杂,也常成为考查理解能力的一种手段,大家只要记住一个规律即可,那就是选项含义与被考单词在含义上肤浅相近的一般不是答案

三推理判断题,有如下几个技巧,

1)若要求对某段内容进行推论,那么就只看题干要求作答的那一段,

2)选项中采用试探性,不十分绝对语气词的比如tend to ,offten等一般是答案,

3)符合常识逻辑的一般是答案,比方说为什么中国比较穷,是因为人口众多,为什么美国人很胖,是因为他们吃的肯德基,麦当劳太多了)。

四主旨大意题和观点态度题,这两种相对都比较难,大家的得分都不是很高,所以即使你做的不好也别太介意。这两道题,偶当时是在十分紧迫的情况下,只读了首尾段,然后迅速选择的,其实最后效果还不错,阅读考了二百多分!

3、词汇,对于这种题,当你看到偶的博客以后,回去赶紧扔掉那些什么词汇串联记忆,星火记忆,黑白记忆,什么家谱式记忆,连环记忆……之类的书吧,或者送人,或者保存好,来年卖给不懂事的大一新生们,要不就拿去垫桌角,方方正正的多好啊!偶认为背单词是一种投入和产出极不成比例的做法,极其愚昧和迷信!偶当年是这样做的,考前两天(一定不要太早,否则还会忘掉),浏览了一下课本后面的四级词组,考试时,只要选项里有出现课本上的单词或词组,那么不要犹豫,选定她!偶还想提醒大家,千万不要在30个词汇题上浪费太多的时间,要知道每个题才0。5分啊,而阅读呢,一个2分,把时间节省出来做阅读吧!偶当时用偶的方法再加上1/4蒙题的概率,最后综合项(包括完形填空)考了一百多分。

4、完形填空题和简短回答题,这两个题也是逐年交替,其中前者出现的机会远远大于后者,如果你遇到的是完形填空题,你应该庆幸,整个四级考试中,数她最简单了,偶当时压根儿就没有看题目一眼,直到考试结束铃响了,偶才开始拿着机读卡瞎蒙,偶当时坐在最后一排,当收卷子的女老师走到偶跟前时,偶还有五道题没有涂卡,偶深情地对她说,天气很热,您也很累了吧,她笑着对偶说,谢谢,还行。在这一瞬间,偶把所有的题都涂完了。大家参加过高考的人都知道,做一个完形填空题花的时间可能超过两道阅读题,但是得分呢?相信大家都心中有数。幸亏四级考试中此题每个才0。5分,即使真正的高手在这个题上也不会超过你五分的,但是花的时间却是你的30倍左右(偶当时做这个题前后大概只用了18秒)。偶一直认为,对于完形填空,命题者的真正意图不是考查你的知识水平,而是考查你是否会合理安排时间!

如果你不幸遇到了简短回答题,说实话,偶也没有好办法,这种题虽说千年难遇一次,但是偶认为这是四级考试中最有水平,最不好应对的题,出题人一定来自天外星球!遇到这种题,如果你有兴趣,那就试一下,如果实在不会做,那么你就认倒霉吧!在大学里有一句话说的好:一生中,谁没有几次踩到大便的时候!

5、写作,偶认为这是最容易应对而且也是最容得分的题!

只需考前花9秒种,即有可能取得9分(满分100分制)以上的好成绩。偶当时只是在开考前熟记了两个比较有难度的经典句型,考试时想办法在在首句和结尾处各用了一个,然后剩余部分,或者自由发挥,或者写几段偶喜欢的英文歌词(注意不是汉语拼音的),或者写一下李阳疯狂英语里的搞笑句子。

你不要怀疑偶的做法,现在偶给大家分析一下此法可行的原因:判卷时,每个老师桌子上都会有一大叠卷子,远远超过你高考时的复习资料,你想,只要是个人,

谁会有耐心仔细看那么多的英语文章,再加上一般判卷发生在大夏天,天气闷热,心情烦躁,每天关在小屋里看偶们这些无聊低级的文章,不许上网,不许QQ,不让开MSN,更不可能写博客,好人也会被折磨疯的。所以他们判卷时,一般只看开头和收尾句,再大体看一下字数够不够,有的正在谈恋爱的老师,心情比较好,还会看有没有错误的单词,为了防止这种情况,我提醒大家,我们的目标不是写一篇惊世骇俗的文章,而是尽量在三十分种内不说一句错话,不写一个错单词。一句话,我们的目标就是——没有蛀牙!!再有,写短文时,最好用黑色钢笔,而不要用其他颜色的,特别是圆珠笔,另外,千万要注意书面整齐,据说,判卷老师大都是近世眼,对于黑色他们更为敏感,更习惯。书写也是,越整洁,他看得越清晰,心情就越好,偶们的分也就越高!偶当时做完此题,共用了八分钟,但是偶的写作成绩却是八十分(满分710分制)!

CET4要点

1, 四级高频单词重要必须掌握

crisis 危机

infinite = unlimited

fatigue 疲乏

in/ under circumstance

guarantee 保证

longing for 渴望

seek 寻找

obligation 义务

encounter emergencies 遭遇紧急事件

personal crises

utter

exhaustion

despite

barely

unlike

finite

occur

impact

leak

flat

dull

routine

regularly

lively

life-altering changes

gathered the courage to

challenge

ordinarily

add to

used to

stale

figure out

fun-deprived

amused on

mentally

imagining

bid farewell to =say good-bye to

merely

recommend

holding on to(坚持)

burden

alternatives

quit

expand

efficient

brush up(提高,复习)

adapt

historical

adult

have no idea=don’t know

saint(圣人)

see to it(确保)

public figure(公众人物)

restrictions on(禁止)

be particular about sth.对。。。特别讲究 personnel人事

usage

exception

colleague

essay

reference

in depth=in detail

rang from…to涉及从。。。到。。。 situation

and the like=and so on

gap between

the first to

belong in应归入

tell the difference between similarly

whereas

salivate(垂涎)

regardless of

superior to比。。。好

inferior to 比。。。坏

especially in terms of

pursue

fierce competition 激烈的竞争 intense competition激烈的竞争 occasionally

abnormal

at risk

particular{infinite段子}.

distinguish between

apply to

strive to do sth.努力做sth. Make a point of doing sth.

Take active responsibility for In this sense

Make an effort to

In the face of

Strive for

Are likely to

Beneficial impact on

Challenge

Remind

To excess

Regular

Essential

Handle

Routine

Satisfy one’s needs/ desire/meet Leisure

Slim figure

Symptom of disease

Recover from illness

Communication/communicate failure to

infinite段子篇四

E-prime操作教程

一,E-Prime组成部分

1.实验组成10部分:

1.Instruction指导语:“无限时间”,按键消失(注:不要用轻易按到的键)版)。操作性原则:说明先出现什么,后出现什么,被试如何反应。范例:

2.Fixation注视点:呈现时间500~800 ms,自动消失,大小30字号以上。

3.Stimulus刺激界面:

4.Probecueing探测线索:出现在探测界面前面,用于去习惯化和让被试做好准备。

5.Probe探测界面:

6.Feedback反馈界面:对被试反应作出正确或错误的反应。时间:1000~2000ms

7.ISI , SOA, Interval刺激间隔:

ISI:上一个刺激终点~下一个刺激起点。

SOA:前一刺激起点~下一个刺激起点)。两者的关系SOA=ISI+Duration

Interval:刺激与目标,目标和其他界面的间隔时间。

8.Buffer Interval 实验缓冲:500~1200ms。被试作反应后推迟下一个Trial的呈现。反馈界面也起到缓冲的效果。

9.Mask 掩蔽界面:400~1000ms,常用于启动效应实验和记忆实验。在记忆实验中,消除刺激的感觉记忆。

10.Exp End 结语界面:1000~1500ms,如,“实验完毕,谢谢您的参与!”

2.实验程序控制5要素

Duration呈现时间:固定时间,变化时间(设置变量或数组),无限时间(“-1”,“infinite”)

Mode呈现方式(=消失方式):自动(不需要设置),按键(无限时间+,反应(无限时间+反应键在探测界面),自动+反应(固定时间+反应键)

Format呈现格式:

刺激物属性:字符(字体,大小,前景颜色?,背景颜色,下划线),图片(尺寸大小,文件大小,亮度,色调?,饱和度?,灰度?,对比度);位置;边框(大小,颜色)

Response反应方式:键盘反应(字母,数字,功能键);语音反应;外接反应键;脚踏板反应 Data logging数据收集:反应时Response Time ;RT ,正误Accuracy;ACC,反应Response;RESP,

实验流程示意图

3.实验过程Procedure:

Session Procedure全过程;CEP Core Experimental Procedure(运行一次是一次Trial,一个

Block=指导语+CEP+结束语)

4.实验设计的4模式:

Paralleling并联模式:(图B)完成CEP1再完成CEP2。

Series串联模式(循环模式):(图C)例子:对30个人进行50种个性有无的判断。

Counter balance平衡模式(选择模式):(图D)见P10(20/224)??是串联和相嵌的结合。 Nesting相嵌模式:(图E)CEP调用List的材料和控制,List又调用List1和List2的材料和控制。例如:多种变量的完全随机变化。List存位置信息,List1是目标刺激,List2是干扰信息。三个list都设置为Random。

单一模式:(图A)所有实验模式都包含了单一模式。

二,E-Prime程序介绍:

1.关于E-Studio:

Toolbox中有组成实验的部分E-object。Structure是实验流程图,properties是实验对象的各个属性。当菜单隐藏时,点View。看不到Structure的结构时,点Session Procedure前的“+”或右击出现菜单——Allow Collapsing——去掉对勾。点“—”可以隐藏结构。

各个对象(控件)E-Object的功能:

1.Experiment:控制各个对象,环境,变量,设备。不在toolbox中,在Structure的最高位置。

2.TextDisplay:呈现文本类型的材料,单刺激型对象,只能是同一属性的文本。

3.ImageDispay:呈现图片材料,单刺激型。2.0版支持bmp,jpg,jpeg,gif,png,tif,tiff,emf,wmf等格式。

4.Sound out:播放语音材料。支持WAV格式。支持频率Samples:11025、22050、44100Hz。 支持分辨率BitsPer Sample:16、8bits。声道Channels:单声道,立体声道。

5.Slide:用途最广。可同时呈现多个刺激。

6.List:TrialList,行为Level水平,一行就是一个实验刺激,列为Attribute属性,一列就是刺激的一类属性。列又称作字段。

List的三个作用:

1)Trialproc核心实验过程的生成:在List的默认字段Procedure中输入TrialProc——按回车。如图中方框1。

2)存放实验材料及材料的属性:如框2,刺激放在Stimulus中,刺激的答案放在Answer中。

3)存放刺激呈现效果,如呈现方式,数量等。

呈现方式有:Sequential顺序呈现,Random随机,Random with replacement带重复的随机,Counterbalance平衡,Offset分支顺序,Permutation数列顺序。(框3)

呈现数量:选择全部或是部分呈现。Weight设置为0为不呈现,1为呈现。(框4)

7.FeedbackDisplay:反馈控件,一般是对探测界面反馈。

8.PackageCall:调用一段子程序的控件。实验过程控件。

9.Wait:延长前一对象的呈现过程。10.Procedure:实验过程控件。11.Inline:可用于编写程序代码。12.Label:?13.MovieDisplay:支持的格式有mpeg,avi,wmv。14.SoundIn:用于录音。

2.设计步骤

新建目录时,所有文件需存在同一个目录下,而且实验用的汉字文件最好转换为图片。

指导语设置:左击SessionProc——按左拖动slide到流程图上——右击Slide1——点Rename改为Instruction——双击设计属性——单击SlideImage——拖到空白处左击——出现Image1——右击图片点properties/(Sub Object)(Property Pages:file搜索文件目录?)

呈现时间:Properties——Duration/Input设置为Infinite

呈现方式:按键消失,InputMasks——Device(s)—Add—Add Input Device选Keyboard—OK Allowable中输入按键名。

CEP核心实验设置:双击SessionProc——拖List到流程图——List1改为LxList——双击进入界面——procedure下输入LxProc,按回车键(注,按回车才能生成CEP)

在List中输入刺激和属性等内容:行为刺激,有多少行就是多少刺激,ID是编号,Weight运行的次数,Nested相嵌?,Procedure过程(指定和生成核心实验过程)。Add Attribute加列——Name改为StimNo刺激编号。StimType刺激类型,Stimulus刺激,Answer答案。

呈现方式:properties——selection——order呈现顺序

设置LxProc中的程序:

设置Fixation注视点:TextDisplay改为Fixation——Properties设置Font字体,字号Point

infinite段子篇五

英文介绍北京的句子

:China's Great Wall is in the human history of civilization the greatest architectural

engineering, it builds more than 2000 year ago Spring and Autumn Period Warring States times, after the Qin dynasty unifies China, connects the Great Wall. The Chinese, the bright two generations once massively constructed. Vast its project, grandness imposing manner, being possible be called world miracle. Roll on, the thing is the human must, now you when mounted in former days Great Wall's ruins, not only could witness that meandered in the hills high mountains Great Wall grand appearance, but could also

understand the Chinese nation creation history great wisdom and courage. the 1987 year in December Great Wall is included "World heritage Name list" 北京这座城市有我喜欢的气息,深深的,新鲜的,让人难以抗拒的氧气,给我最美味的给养,

Beijing city has my favorite flavor, deep, fresh, and makes it difficult to resist oxygen, give me the most delicious supplies,

北京曾经令我无限神往的城市, 一座巽寮的城市,如今展现在我眼前, 如痴如梦, 如诗如画, 缠绵令人心醉。

Beijin Once made the city which I infinite was charmed, a Xun trigram Laos's city, unfolds now in me at present, like crazy like dream, like poem like picture, tangled up elated.

My families plan to visit the interesting place p of Shanghai.We are led to the Oriental Pearl TV Tower ,a famous tourist attraction,which is on every Shanghainese's lips.It is a magnificent building located in Pudong New Area,it is the tallest building,so it's very easy to see this building,even if you are several miles away it.As we get to the high floor of the Oriental Pearl TV Tower,we see the attractive viwswhich includes the Huangpu River through the window.At the moment,l suddenly moved by the builders put their soul and energy to this building and let it be a landmark of this city. This is the trip l never forget.

My hometown Beijing is famous for its places of interes.Tian An Men ,The Great Wall and the Imperial Palace are the most famous places in Beijing.Each year many visitors visit there.In my hometown,roast duck is very famous too.Many people like to eat it and even foreign peole have known about it.

As we know,beijing is our capital so there must be many interesting things there.My hometown Beijing is famous for its places of interes.Tian An Men ,The Great Wall and the Imperial Palace are the most famous places in Beijing.Each year many visitors visit

there.In my hometown,roast duck is very famous too.Many people like to eat it and even foreign peole have known about it.

Our capital Beijing is a beautiful scenery.It has very old and famous buildings.Such as,the longest wall in the world the Great Wall,TianAnMen's Squar,Place Museumthe summer Place and Temple of Heaven and so on.It has many parks here,too.Such as,Xiangshan Park and Beihai Park.Thy are beautiful,too.Welcome to Beijing.Enjoy yourself.

1.故宫

故宫又名紫禁城,位于北京市中心、天安门广场北1km,景山南门对面。故宫外围是一条护城河,河内是周长3km、高近10米的城墙,城墙四面都有门,南有午门,北有神武门,东有东华门,西有西华门;城墙四角还耸立着4座角楼,造型别致,玲珑剔透。

故宫大体可分为两部分,南为工作区,即外朝;北为生活区,即内廷。其所有建筑排列在中轴线上,东西对称。在居住区以北还有一个小巧别致的御花园,是皇室人员游玩之所。

现在故宫的一些宫殿中设有综合性展览,收藏有大量古代艺术珍品,是中国文物收藏最丰富的博物馆。 1. The Imperial Palace

The Imperial Palace, also known as the Forbidden City, is located in the center of Beijing City, 1 km north from the Tiananmen Square, right opposite the south gate of Jingshan Mountain. Outside the Imperial Palace lies a moat, on the inner side of which there‟s the city wall whose perimeter is 3 km with a height of nearly 10 meters. The wall has one gate on each side: the Meridian Gate to the south, the Shenwu Gate to the north, the Donghua Gate to the east and the Xihua Gate to the west; besides, there‟re four exquisitely carved unique turrets standing at each corner of the wall. The Forbidden City can be roughly divided into two parts: the southern part, the working area, is called “the outer court” and the northern part, the living area, is regarded as “the imperial palace”. All the constructions of the Imperial Palace are arranged orderly on the central axis with east-

west symmetry. To the north of the living area is the small but unique Imperial Garden where the royal family amuse themselves.

Nowadays, some palaces in the Forbidden City have been equipped with comprehensive exhibitions where abundant ancient art treasures are collected. The National Palace Museum is the museum that collects the most cultural relics in China. 2.天坛公园 天坛位于北京城南端,是明清两代皇帝祭祀天地之神和祈祷五谷丰收的地方。天坛包括圜丘和祈谷二坛,围墙分内外两层,呈回字形。北围墙为弧圆形,南围墙与东西墙

外坛墙东、南、北三面均没有门,只有西边修两座大门——圜丘坛门和祈谷坛门(也称天坛门)。而内坛墙四周则有东、南、西、北四座天门。内坛建有祭坛和斋宫,并有一道东西横墙,南为圜丘坛,北为祈谷坛。 2. The Temple of Heaven

Located in southern Beijing City, the Temple of Heaven is the place where the emperors of Ming and Qing Dynasties worshiped Heaven and prayed for bumper crops. The Temple of Heaven is comprised of the Circular Mound Altar and the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests, and there‟re two walls, the inner one and the outer one, surrounding the Temple of Heaven. With north wall being circular and the south one square as it intersects with the east and west walls at right angles, they‟re given the name “the Heaven and Earth Walls”, representing Heaven and Earth, for in ancient China, people believed that Heaven was round and Earth was square. There is no gate at the east, south and north side of the outer wall and the only two gates are at the1.故宫 故宫又名紫禁城,位于北京市中心、天安门广场北1km,景山南门对面。故宫外围是一条护城河,河内是周长3km、高近10米的城墙,城墙四面都有门,南有午门,北有神武门,东有东华门,西有西华门;城墙四角还耸立着4座角楼,造型别致,玲珑剔透。

故宫大体可分为两部分,南为工作区,即外朝;北为生活区,即内廷。其所有建筑排列在中轴线上,东西对称。在居住区以北还有一个小巧别致的御花园,是皇室人员游玩之所。

现在故宫的一些宫殿中设有综合性展览,收藏有大量古代艺术珍品,是中国文物收藏最丰富的博物馆。 1. The Imperial Palace

The Imperial Palace, also known as the Forbidden City, is located in the center of Beijing City, 1 km north from the Tiananmen Square, right opposite the south gate of Jingshan Mountain. Outside the Imperial Palace lies a moat, on the inner side of which there‟s the city wall whose perimeter is 3 km with a height of nearly 10 meters. The wall has one gate on each side: the Meridian Gate to the south, the Shenwu Gate to the north, the Donghua Gate to the east and the Xihua Gate to the west; besides, there‟re four exquisitely carved unique turrets standing at each corner of the wall. The Forbidden City can be roughly divided into two parts: the southern part, the working area, is called “the outer court” and the northern part, the living area, is regarded as “the imperial palace”. All the constructions of the Imperial Palace are arranged orderly on the central axis with east-west symmetry. To the north of the living area is the small but unique Imperial Garden where the royal family amuse themselves.

Nowadays, some palaces in the Forbidden City have been equipped with comprehensive exhibitions where abundant ancient art treasures are collected. The National Palace Museum is the museum that collects the most cultural relics in China. 2.天坛公园 天坛位于北京城南端,是明清两代皇帝祭祀天地之神和祈祷五谷丰收的地方。天坛包括圜丘和祈谷二坛,围墙分内外两层,呈回字形。北围墙为弧圆形,南围墙与东西墙

外坛墙东、南、北三面均没有门,只有西边修两座大门——圜丘坛门和祈谷坛门(也称天坛门)。而内坛墙四周则有东、南、西、北四座天门。内坛建有祭坛和斋宫,并有一道东西横墙,南为圜丘坛,北为祈谷坛。 2. The Temple of Heaven

Located in southern Beijing City, the Temple of Heaven is the place where the emperors of Ming and Qing Dynasties worshiped Heaven and prayed for bumper crops. The Temple of Heaven is comprised of the Circular Mound Altar and the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests, and there‟re two walls, the inner one and the outer one, surrounding the Temple of Heaven. With north wall being circular and the south one square as it intersects with the east and west walls at right angles, they‟re given the name “the Heaven and Earth Walls”, representing Heaven and Earth, for in ancient China, people believed that Heaven was round and Earth was square. There is no gate at the east, south and north side of the outer wall and the only two gates are at the子群。

5. The Bell Tower and the Drum Tower

Located at the Di‟anmen Outer Street on the central axis of Beijing City, the Drum Tower together with the Bell Tower were the time service center of Beijing City back in Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. In 1990, the government decided to recover the bell striking and drum beating on every New Year‟ Eve and New Year‟s Day of the Chinese lunar calendar. Standing on the Drum Tower, you can feel the liveliness and prosperity of Houhai and the Di‟anmen Avenue. While on the Bell Tower, right in front of your eyes are those constructions alongside the central axis of Beijing City and when the weather is clear, you can even see the Bird‟s Nest and the Water Cube far distance away. At the east and west sides of the Bell Tower and the Drum Tower are the well-conserved Hutong neighborhoods where there‟re orderly arranged courtyards and pigeons wearing whistles. 6.天安门广场

在长安街南侧,北京城的传统中轴线上,座落着世界上最大的广场——天安门广场,广场中心为人民英雄纪念碑,继续向南穿过毛主席纪念堂就到了正阳门,也就是人们常说的前门。广场的西侧是人民大会堂,东侧是国家博物馆。在广场的对面,长安街的北侧即是天安门城楼,城楼下是波光粼粼的金水河。每天的清晨和傍晚,天安门广场都会举行隆重严肃的升降旗仪式,对于初到北京的人来说,观看一场升降旗仪式是必不可少的一件事。 6. The Tiananmen Square

At the south side of Chang An Avenue and on the traditional central axis of Beijing City locates the Tiananmen Square, the world‟s largest square. In the center of the square stands the Monument of the People„s Heroes, to the south of which is the Chairman Mao Memorial Hall, and cross the hall you‟ll arrive at the Zhengyang Gate which is more frequently referred to by people as Qianmen. The Great Hall of the People lies on the west side of the square and on the east side is the National Museum. Right opposite the square, namely, the north side of Chang An Avenue is the Tiananmen Gate Tower beneath which flows the glistening Golden Stream. Every morning and dusk witnesses a grand and solemn flag raising and lowering ceremony and those who come to Beijing for the first time definitely don‟t want to miss the flag raising ceremony. 7.明十三陵{infinite段子}.

明十三陵是明朝迁都北京后13位皇帝的墓葬群,位于昌平区天寿山南麓,距市区约50km。明十三陵由13个独立的陵墓组成为一个统一的整体。每座陵墓分别建于一座山前,陵墓规格大同小异,陵与陵之间少至0.5km,多至8km。已开放的景点有长陵、定陵、昭陵和神道(神路)。 7. The Ming Tombs

Situated at the south foot of the Tianshou Mountain in Changping District which is about 50 km away from the city center, the Ming Tombs are the graves of the 13 emperors of Ming Dynasty after the capital of Ming Dynasty was moved from Nanjing to Beijing. It‟s a unified entirety composed by 13 independent tombs. Every tomb was built in the front of a mountain, but their sizes are quite different from each other. There‟s at least a distance of 0.5 km and 8 km at most between each two tombs. 8.万里长城

中国万里长城是世界上修建时间最长,工程量最大的冷兵器战争时代的国家军事性防御工程,凝聚着我们祖先的血汗和智慧,是中华民族的象征和骄傲。长城全长大约6700公里,通称“万里长城”。长城的修建持续了两千多年,根据历史记载,从公元前七世纪楚国筑“方城”开始,至明代,共有20多个诸侯国和封建王朝修筑过长城。其中秦、汉、明三个朝代长城的长度都超过了5000公里。 长城的主体工程是绵延万里的高大城墙,大都建在山岭最高处,沿着山脊把蜿蜒无尽的山势勾画出清晰的轮廓,塑造出奔腾飞跃、气势蓬勃的巨龙,从而成为中华民族的象征。在万里长城上,分布着百座雄关、隘口,成千上万座敌台、烽火台,既打破了城墙的单调感,又使高低起伏的地形更显得雄奇险峻,充满巨大的艺术魅力。

都说不到长城非好汉,我们这些生长在长城脚下的子民,没有理由不去长城瞻仰膜拜吧?

推荐登长城地点:

著名长城:八达岭长城、居庸关长城

这类长城是团队游客必到的北京经典景点,修缮的比较好,却也每个毛孔都透着“新”气,每年的游客络绎不绝,节假日时更是人满为患。

“野”长城:慕田峪长城、司马台长城、箭扣长城、黄花城水长城、古北口长城、金山岭长城、白岭关长城、石峡关长城、沿河城长城等。

这类长城大多深藏在荒山野岭,虽惨败破落,却别有一番沧桑、肃杀的味道,而且这些长城所倚山势多险峻壮观,不少路段山体近垂直陡峭,景观震撼。但攀爬野长城需注意自身安全,并注意环保和保护野长城。 8. The Great Wall

As the national military defensive project in cold weapon era that took the longest period of time to build and with the largest project amount in the world, the Great Wall of China, imbued with the blood, sweat and ingenuity of our ancestors, is the symbol

infinite段子篇六

托福写作必备模板-11.13

一、观点对比型1

Some people like A; others like B. Which one do you prefer—A or B?

(1) No doubt, I choose A, because there are too many benefits that outnumber its disadvantages. But B on the other hand, has advantages no more than its disadvantages.

The most important benefit of A is that___________________.

To achieve the same effect, B will__________________.

Another benefit of A,

that___________________. which B almost cannot achieve, is

Although B also has its seemingly profound advantages, it can only be achieved conditionally because_________________________.

After understanding the reasoning above, it is quite safe now to say: to choose

A is a wise action.

(2) Some people hold the opinion that A is superior to B in many ways. Others, however, contradict A. Personally, I would prefer__________ because I think A has more advantages.

There are numerous reasons why________, and I would here explain a few of the most important ones. The main reason is that___________. It can be given a concrete example_____________.

Another reason why I advocate the attitude of A is that___________. Take the case of a thing that_______________.

One very strong argument for A is that__________________. This demonstrates the undeniable fact that_____________________.

Of course, choosing B also has advantages to some extent, __________.

But if all these factors are complicated, the advantages of A carry more weight than those of B. From what has been discussed above, we may finally draw the conclusion that_________________.

二、观点对比型2

Some people believe that A while others consider B more appropriate. Give

advantages and disadvantages of the two positions and explain which position you support.

(1) Some people believe that________________. Other people hold the opinion that_________. While both methods may have their advantages and disadvantages, they can be applied under different circumstances. Afterwards, I will explain my opinions about it.

For A, ___________________.

But this also demonstrates that______________.

Moreover, _______________________.

B, on the other hand, _______________. For example, ________________.

In my opinion, the advantages of B are more than those of A because B fits me better in two ways: First, _________________. Second, ______________________.

(2) A and B are two totally different ideas that have caused a heated debate for a long period. Anyway, I agree with the idea of A. However, it is unfair to say which is better than the other if we do not see both sides of the story in the following paragraphs.

Some people believe B because______________. These people point out the fact that______________. They also argue that_______________________.

However, other people stand on a very different ground, they believe that____________. They firmly point out that______________________. An example can give the details of this argument: ___________________. In addition, ____________________________.

In a word, A is too temptating not to be chosen. A, as shown above, has________. ________.

三、支持反对型

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement AAA.

(1) There is no need for me to put any emphasis on what the advantages of AAA are. ___________________.

that____________________.

Many people believe

{infinite段子}.

However, I disagree with the title statement because I consider___________________.

On the other hand, one of the notorious disadvantages of AAA is that_______________. The modern example of this is_____________________. So if this is prevalent, _______________. Another factor shows that__________________. So, as I see it, _________.

(2) Before rendering my opinion, I think it is important to take a glance at the arguments on both sides. People who support AAA usually give some, even all of the following reasons.

The first is that_______________________.

The second is that____________________________.

Third, ___________________________________.

{infinite段子}.

Generally, people who attack AAA claim that ______________________. They also often say that there will be problems of ____________________.

As far as I am concerned, I come to the notion that there are three main reasons why I support AAA. Firstly, ___________________. Secondly, ______________. Furthermore, __________________.

四、观点选择型

…A, B, C, D… Which do you choose?

(1) It appears, in so many aspects, very difficult to prefer one to another because all of them have their advantages and disadvantages to the extent that it is hard to distinguish.

Yet that does not mean they are of the same to me. To be frank, I would prefer

A if personal quality is considered as a criterion to choose things.

Then why do I prefer AI like it because it can _______________, thus makes me ______________.

There is another reason why I choose A, in terms of ________, __________. No wonder, it again brings me convenience that I cannot get if I choose any one of the others.

That last reason is that_____________________.{infinite段子}.

In conclusion, everybody wants to choose the one that fits him/her. So it is of great benefits for me to choose.

(2) How to do XXX/Whether the traditional methods such as A, B and so on or the modern method for example C and D has its advantages and disadvantages. Which you would prefer depends on your own experience, life style and emotional concern. However, I would prefer C. There are three advantages of C as follow:

This can trace back

I__________________. to my childhood. Once with curiosity,

Yet another reason is that_________. I can quote a common example. _______________.

Then why I do not like othersFor example, why I do not like ABecause I have a bad experience with it. _______________. So, even when anyone mentioned it, I would catch a feeling of fear.

There are still many other reasons that can account for my fondness for it, but the obvious ones have been presented as above.

五、问题分析型

…XXX…What do you think about it?

(1) There are numerous approaches to solving XXX/impacts on XXX/characteristics of XXX, and I would explore the most conspicuous ones here.

One of the primary method/One of the primary impacts/ One of the primary characteristics, to my mind, is that_________________.

A more subtle point which we must consider is that___________________.

In addition/Furthermore, __________________.

In conclusion/Taking into account of all these methods/effects/aspects, we may reach the conclusion that________________________.

(2) Among countless factors which contribute to XXX, three conspicuous aspects are as follows.

One of the primary causes is that______________________.

XXX also results from_______________________.

____________________is responsible for XXX, as well.

To put all into a nutshell, I draw the conclusion that A, B and C are three main contributors to XXX.(摘自太傻)

词汇必备词根词缀经典浓缩

1 act 行为/举止 active action activate

2 cap 罩着/盖着 capable capacity capacious

3 ceive 做(事情) conceive perceive receive deceive

4 cess 行走 process concess access recess recessionary

5 cide 切割 decide incidence accident

6 cite 说话 recite cite excite

7 com/con/co 合在一起 cooperation collaboration company conform

8 counter 相对的 counterstrike (C.S.) counterpart

9 de 往下 decline decide department

10 dem/demo 人/人民 democracy epidemic

11 dict/dic 说话 predict dicionary dedicate addict

12 dis 距离/分开 distance disinterested

13 dom 领域 dominate predominate domain kingdom

14 e 往外(也可做为单词结束标志)evoke eject emit

15 epi 之上/之中 epilog epidemic

16 evit 生命 longevity inevitable

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